Collection TAA - Tutankhamun Archive

Original Digital object not accessible

Identity area

Reference code

TAA

Title

Tutankhamun Archive

Date(s)

  • 1922-2014 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

21 boxes, 15 albums, 6 packages, 47 maps and drawings, 7 card index drawers, 3 rolls, approximately 2000 original glass negatives, over 600 lantern slides, and sets of duplicate negatives and photographs.

Context area

Name of creator

(1874-1939)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, London 1874. Died, London 1939. Privately educated. Employed by P. E. Newberry in 1891 working for the Archaeological Survey. Assisted in excavations for the Egypt Exploration Fund 1892-3, was with Petrie at Amarna in 1892, and as a draughtsman to the Deir el-Bahri expedition 1893-9. Appointed Chief Inspector of Antiquities of Upper Egypt 1899-1904. Discovered several royal tombs, including those of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis IV and Amenophis I. Inspector of Lower Egypt 1905. Employed by Lord Carnarvon from 1909 onwards, to excavate in the Theban necropolis, the Delta and Middle Egypt. His most famous discovery, that of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun, was made in 1922. He spent the next ten years recording the tomb's contents. Most of Carter's records for Tutankhamun's tomb remain unpublished.

Name of creator

(1879-1940)

Biographical history

British archaeologist and photographer. Born, Stamford 1879. Died, Asyut 1940. Began his photographic career in Florence with the art historian R. Cust. He was then engaged as a excavator at Thebes by Theodore Davis between 1910-14. Then from 1914 onwards he worked for the rest of his career as a photographer for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. His task was to record many of the royal and private tombs at Thebes. Between 1922 and 1933 he was lent by the Metropolitan Museum to Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter to make a photographic record during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Name of creator

(1874-1928)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, Glenorchy, Hobart, Tasmania 1874. Died, Haywards Heath, Sussex 1928. Educated, St Edward's School, Oxford, then Keble College, Oxford. BA, 1895. Worked with W. M. F. Petrie at Dendera, Hû, and Abydos, between 1897-1901. Assisted G. A. Reisner on the California University excavations at Gîza, 1901-6. From 1906 onwards, he spent of the rest of his career working for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, culminating in the position of Associate Curator in 1922. He founded and directed the first Metropolitan Museum expedition to Egypt. Between 1922-4 he was engaged as an assistant to H. Carter during the early stages of excavating of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He was forced to resign this position due to poor health. He published several books and articles and collaborated with Carter on the first volume of the publication The Tomb of Tut.Ankh.Amen (1923).

Name of creator

(1867-1945)

Biographical history

British chemist. Born, Chorlton-upon-Medlock 1867. Died, Luxor 1945. Educated, School of Mines, London, and the Royal College of Science. Worked for the British Government as an assistant chemist, until ill health prompted a move to Egypt. There he was engaged as an assistant chemist to the Government Salt Department, 1898. He initially managed the Survey Department and Assay Office laboratories, he was then appointed Chemist for the Antiquities Service, 1923-32. Honorary Consulting Chemist, 1932-45. He was able to put his expertise in cleaning, consolidating, and conserving antiquities to good use when he was lent by the Antiquities Service to H. Carter during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He also worked at Tanis with P. M. Montet. Published many books about his work in this field.

Name of creator

(1879-1963)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, Eltham 1879. Died, Oxford 1963. Educated at Charterhouse, then studied Classics, Hebrew and Arabic at The Queen's College, Oxford. Worked with A. Erman on the preparation of material for the Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache and was sub-editor 1906-8. Laycock Studentship, Worcester College, Oxford, 1906-12. Edited many Egyptological publications including the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. Published extensively in the field of Egyptology. Honorary Secretary of the Egypt Exploration Society, 1917-20, Vice President and then President, 1959-63. Many distinctions during his career. Specialized in hieratic texts on papyri and ostraca. Published the 1st edition of Egyptian Grammar in 1927, which is still one of the essential learning aids for Middle Egyptian. Member of the Tutankhamun excavation team, for which he recorded all the inscriptions from the tomb.

Name of creator

(23 April 1869 - 7 August 1949)

Biographical history

Percy Edward Newberry M.A. O.B.E. was born on 23 April 1869 and died at his home in Godalming, England on 7 August 1949. He was educated at King’s College School and King’s College, London and later mentored in the field of Egyptology by Reginald Stuart Poole of the British Museum and Francis Llewellyn Griffith. Newberry began his career at the Egypt Exploration Fund and from 1890 to 1894 headed an expedition to investigate the tombs of Middle Kingdom nomarchs at Beni Hasan and El Bersha. In 1893-4 he published a two-volume monograph Beni Hasan which remains a definitive account of the tombs there. Newberry then operated as a freelance excavator from 1895-1901, undertaking a survey of the Necropolis at Thebes. In 1902 Newberry worked on the <i>Catalogue Général</i> of Egyptian Antiquities at the Cairo Museum.

In 1906 Newberry was appointed Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool, a position he held until 1919. In 1919 Newberry was appointed O.B.E. In 1923 he served as President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association and from 1926-1927 was Vice-President of the Royal Anthropological Institute. In 1929 Newberry accepted the chair of Ancient Egyptian History and Archaeology at the University of Egypt, Cairo, a post he held until 1933.

Newberry published extensively on the field of Egyptology (see Magee, Diana, 'The Egyptological Bibliography of Percy Edward Newberry (1869-1949), in <i>The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i>, Volume 76, 1990) as well as Botany. Notable publications include several volumes in the series of the Archaeological Survey of Egypt, two volumes in the <i>Catalogue Général</i> of the Cairo Museum and <i>Scarabs</i> (1906).

On 12 February 1907 Newberry married Essie Winifred Johnston (1878-1953). There were no children of the marriage. Although largely undocumented, Newberry was previously married from 1894 to Helena Aders who he divorced in 1904.

Archival history

Carter bequeathed his excavation records to his niece Miss Phyllis Walker in 1939. For other material included within this group, see the catalogue.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Miss Walker donated Carter's excavation records (and Carter MSS) in several groups in 1945, 1946, 1959, and 1972. Other material was acquired at various times, see the catalogue.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Notebooks, negatives, photographs, maps, and drawings made during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. For other material, refer to the catalogue.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Mostly kept as received and arranged in four groups.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Property of the Griffith Institute. No restrictions apart from certain categories listed in the catalogue.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright Griffith Institute, Oxford, except for those items marked otherwise in the catalogue.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

No problems.

Finding aids

Catalogue. Also online (http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/4taa.html).

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

These are the original excavation records. For other and secondary material included here, see the catalogue.

Existence and location of copies

Refer to the catalogue. Digitised copies of almost all Carter's Tutankhamun excavation records exist in the Griffith Institute.

Related units of description

Other Archives:

  • The National Archives: authorisation to excavate, letters sent to the Foreign Office requesting access to the tomb of Tutankhamun, crank email, records linked to the contract with The Times, newspaper cuttings, records linked to the 1972 Tutankhamun exhibition in the British Museum, etc.
  • Dr D. E. Derry's original notes and reports on Tutankhamun's mummy in the archive of University College London.
  • Approximately 26 botanical samples from the tomb of Tutankhamun and related Carter correspondence in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Group of papers, including handwritten and typed drafts for his publication The Tomb of Tut-ankh-Amen (1922-1933), drafts for lectures, notes and correspondence, auctioned together with some personal papers, correspondence and objects at Bonhams London on 12 June 2012 (https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/20137/lot/39/), some of this material is now in the Peggy Joy Egyptology Library in Michigan, USA [information provided in November 2017].

Publication note

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Digital object (Master) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places

Physical storage

  • Shelf: 0101-0107
  • Shelf: 0114
  • Shelf: 0121
  • Shelf: 1401-1412
  • Shelf: 1501-1503
  • Shelf: 1704-1706
  • Shelf: 1901-1902