Item TAA i.2.7 - Notebook: A. H. Gardiner transcriptions (copies)

Identity area

Reference code

TAA i.2.7


Notebook: A. H. Gardiner transcriptions (copies)


  • c. 1922-1930 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 notebook

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, London 1874. Died, London 1939. Privately educated. Employed by P. E. Newberry in 1891 working for the Archaeological Survey. Assisted in excavations for the Egypt Exploration Fund 1892-3, was with Petrie at Amarna in 1892, and as a draughtsman to the Deir el-Bahri expedition 1893-9. Appointed Chief Inspector of Antiquities of Upper Egypt 1899-1904. Discovered several royal tombs, including those of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis IV and Amenophis I. Inspector of Lower Egypt 1905. Employed by Lord Carnarvon from 1909 onwards, to excavate in the Theban necropolis, the Delta and Middle Egypt. His most famous discovery, that of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun, was made in 1922. He spent the next ten years recording the tomb's contents. Most of Carter's records for Tutankhamun's tomb remain unpublished.

Name of creator


Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, Eltham 1879. Died, Oxford 1963. Educated at Charterhouse, then studied Classics, Hebrew and Arabic at The Queen's College, Oxford. Worked with A. Erman on the preparation of material for the Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache and was sub-editor 1906-8. Laycock Studentship, Worcester College, Oxford, 1906-12. Edited many Egyptological publications, including the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. Published extensively in the field of Egyptology. Honorary Secretary of the Egypt Exploration Society, 1917-20, Vice President and then President, 1959-63. He was awarded many distinctions during his career. Specialized in hieratic texts on papyri and ostraca. Gardiner published the 1st edition of his Egyptian Grammar in 1927, which is still one of the essential learning aids for Middle Egyptian. Gardiner was also a member of the Tutankhamun excavation team, recording inscriptions from objects found in the tomb during the first few seasons.

Name of creator

(23 April 1869 - 7 August 1949)

Biographical history

Percy Edward Newberry M.A. O.B.E. was born on 23 April 1869 and died at his home in Godalming, England on 7 August 1949. He was educated at King’s College School and King’s College, London and later mentored in the field of Egyptology by Reginald Stuart Poole of the British Museum and Francis Llewellyn Griffith. Newberry began his career at the Egypt Exploration Fund and from 1890 to 1894 headed an expedition to investigate the tombs of Middle Kingdom nomarchs at Beni Hasan and El Bersha. In 1893-4 he published a two-volume monograph Beni Hasan which remains a definitive account of the tombs there. Newberry then operated as a freelance excavator from 1895-1901, undertaking a survey of the Necropolis at Thebes. In 1902 Newberry worked on the <i>Catalogue Général</i> of Egyptian Antiquities at the Cairo Museum.

In 1906 Newberry was appointed Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool, a position he held until 1919. In 1919 Newberry was appointed O.B.E. In 1923 he served as President of the Anthropological Section of the British Association and from 1926-1927 was Vice-President of the Royal Anthropological Institute. In 1929 Newberry accepted the chair of Ancient Egyptian History and Archaeology at the University of Egypt, Cairo, a post he held until 1933.

Newberry published extensively on the field of Egyptology (see Magee, Diana, 'The Egyptological Bibliography of Percy Edward Newberry (1869-1949), in <i>The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i>, Volume 76, 1990) as well as Botany. Notable publications include several volumes in the series of the Archaeological Survey of Egypt, two volumes in the <i>Catalogue Général</i> of the Cairo Museum and <i>Scarabs</i> (1906).

On 12 February 1907 Newberry married Essie Winifred Johnston (1878-1953). There were no children of the marriage. Although largely undocumented, Newberry was previously married from 1894 to Helena Aders who he divorced in 1904.

Archival history

Formerly in the possession of Howard Carter's niece Miss Phyllis Walker.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Presented by Miss Phyllis Walker in 1945.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Tutankhamun notebook, Howard Carter's copies of selected object cards

  • Selected object cards, Alan H. Gardiner's transcriptions copied by Carter from original object cards (see TAA i.1.1-620)
  • Carter's manuscript with transcriptions
    • Antechamber, object nos. 37, 38
    • Treasury, object nos. 261-337
    • Annexe, object nos. 338-420
    • 1 enclosure, letter from Percy Newberry to Howard Carter, dated 13-09-1928, with transcription and translation of texts from the model figure of Tutankhamun, lying on a funeral bier [Carter 331a], now in Cairo, Egyptian Museum, JE 60720.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Property of the Griffith Institute. No restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.

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Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

  • Carbon-copy notebook
  • Green board cover with blue leather spine binding
  • Ruled and plain [not ruled] pages with printed numbers 1 to 100 X 2 (originals and carbon copies)
  • Printed on the front cover board:
    • No. 24.
    • 100 Forms in Duplicate
    • Place the Carbonic Sheet between the 1st and 2nd leaves (carbonised face downwards), and the blackboard underneath the 2nd leaf; write with a Manifolding Pen with fair pressure, and excellent copies will be obtained.
    • 6, 8 & 10 Gt. PORTLAND STREET, W.1. [etc.]

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Archived scans in Griffith Institute.

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Notes area


  • Formerly catalogued as Tutankhamun MSS 7
  • Also formerly referred to as:
    • Carter notebook 7
    • Tutankhamun notebook 7

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