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Archival description
Scarabs and Seals (Percy Newberry Collection) English
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Cylinder seal impressions

Notebook housed in an envelope containing cuttings and drawings of cylinder seals and impressions from Abydos, including the tombs of Khasekhemwy and Neterkhet (also known as Djoser). Pages of the notebook have been numbered by Peter Kaplony on 26th November 1959. Notebook also includes loose pages of draft plates for Newberry, P.E., 'Impressions of seals from Abydos', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume 2, p.130 with plates xxii-xxv (1909) (OEB 146367).

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Scarabs and Cylinders'.

Neithhotep and tomb

Folder titled 'Nîthotēp Naqada Tomb' containing notes and research material relating to Neithhotep and the identification of the Naqada tomb (TopBib v.118).

Includes:
-Typed and handwritten notes on Queen Hetep (Neith-Hetep) and her tomb at Naqada
-Notes on objects inscribed with name of Queen Neithhotep
-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) including Plate II and Plate VA
-Copies of ivory labels found in the tomb of Neithhotep (Cairo Museum, CG 14102, CG 14103, CG 14106, CG 14104) from Morgan, J. de 1897. <i>Recherches sur les origines de l'Égypte: ethnographie préhistorique et tombeau royal de Négadah</i>. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145679)
-Notes on the correct reading of the name of Neithhotep
-List of the contents of Chamber B
-Notes on seals found in the tomb of Neithhotep
-Notes and cuttings of a plan and section of tomb of Merneith (TopBib v.82)
-Typed notes on Libyan Amazons
-Notes and sketches of ivory tablet of Aha from the tomb at Naqada (Cairo Museum, CG 14142) (TopBib v.118)

Dynasty I and Kings 1-4 (Narmer/Menes, Hor-Aha, Djer and Djet)

Folder titled 'History Dynasty I Kings 1-4' containing 6 paper folders labelled by Newberry and two envelopes.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Lists' includes:

-Notes, rubbings and drawings on the Palermo Stone

-Notes on King lists for the 1st Dynasty

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Narmer Menes - 1' includes:

-Notes on Narmer, Menes, Aha and monuments bearing the name of Narmer, including draft notes for Alan Gardiner

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Aha - 2' includes:

-Two letters from Walter Emery to Newberry on 'The Son of Isis' and Hor-Aha seal, August 1938 (there are replies to this correspondence in Envelope 2, NEWB075).

-Tracings and cuttings from Emery, Walter B. 1939. ?or-A?a. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, F. et al, 'Abydos II', (1903) (OEB 146956)

-Notes, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to Aha

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zer Ta - 3' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zer [also referred to as Djer]

-Cutting of Newberry, Percy, 'Egyptian Historical Notes II: 6. The Stela of King Zer', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology Volume 36 (OEB 187736)

-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184).

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zet - 4' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zet and the Tomb of Zet [also known as Djet]

-Notes on seals of the reign of King Zet

Folder titled 'Emery Hor aha' includes:

-Notes, tracings, and cuttings including from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. Abydos, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956).

The two envelopes include:

-Tracings and drawings of seal impressions from The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore

-Notes on labels including ivory and wooden labels of the 1st Dynasty, labels used for oils and unguents, and labels for necklaces and strings of beads

Oils and unguents

Folder titled 'Oils and Unguents' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Oils and Unguents'. Notebook contains notes on oils and unguents including head dressing, oil used on the skin, massage, nwdw seeds, oil from moringa, oil and unguent used in rituals, variant writings of the oil name h3tt thnw or oil from Tehenu-land or Libya with publication references.

Also includes cuttings and drawings of attestations in tomb scenes, seals and labels.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Research material relating to Neith

Notes and parts of drafts relating to Neith. Includes notes on the figure of eight shield with crossed arrows, single and compound ensigns featuring bows and crossed arrows, the Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow, and different forms of bow and arrows.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow'
-Tracings of stone bead seals
-Notes on the form of bows and depictions of bow like objects
-Part of draft and notes on Neith and the bow of Neith
-Notes on Athena
-Notes relating to Libya
-Reprint of Hogarth, D.G. 'The Zakro Sealings', in Journal of Hellenic Studies, Volume XXII, (1902)

Notes also include reference to 'NB [Notebook] Sais and Folder'.

Research material on scarabs

Research material on scarabs including notes, cuttings, drawings and correspondence.

Includes:
-Copy of inscriptions from scarabs in King Fuad's collection
-Letter from Flinders Petrie with postscript by Hilda Petrie relating to inscriptions on a scarab and cylinder seal, 5 December 1902
-Letter from Service des Antiquities, Karnak, relating to two scarabs, with drawings, 11 May 1903 (in French)
-One page of notes on the Fraser collection
-Notes on scarabs from Cyprus and and two letters from Einar Gjerstad on scarabs excavated by the Swedish Expedition in Cyprus, 12 January 1930-1 July 1931 to be deciphered by Newberry
-Letters from Arthur Evans and Claude Frédéric-Armand Schaeffer asking Newberry to look at scarabs excavated by Schaeffer at Ras Shamra, 21-25 August 1937
-Notes and drawings of scarabs excavated by Claude Schaeffer at Ras Shamra, 1937
-Two letter from John Garstang relating to scarabs, 3-21 Novemeber 1934 with response to the first letter from Newberry 7 November 1934
-Letter from John Garstang relating to the impression of a scarab in a jar handle, 19 December 1931
-Photographs of scarabs referred to by John Garstang in his correspondence
-Photographs of scarabs from the 25th and 26th Dynasties (C4724 and C4726, Hellenic Society Library Slide Collection listed in 'Accessions to the Catalogue of Slides', in The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 50, Part 2 (1930), pp. xc-c)
-Photographs of scarabs, one of which has been identified during previous archival processing as being from the Vatican Museum
-Envelope labelled '(Enlarged 2 diams.) - J.A. Spranger his scarab' containing three photographs of a scarab
-Letter from Arthur Edward Pearse Broome Weigall relating to scarabs, 30 June 1901
-Pages from a notebook containing drawings of scarabs from Athens
-Letter from William Badè, Palestine Institute of the Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, relating to scarabs with two enclosed photographs, 26 September 1930.

Notes on inscribed objects

Includes:
-Cutting of an image of a clay sealing
-Notes on Morgan, J., 'L'Humanité prehistorique', Paris 1924 (OEB 145667)
-Notes on bow from the tomb of Tutankhamun
-Notes on a chisel ended arrow head in Woolley, 'Excavations at Ur, 1929-30', (London, 1930) p.387
-Handwritten and typed up notes on the Gebel el 'Arak knife handle (Louvre Museum, E 11517) (TopBib v.107).
-Typed and handwritten notes on types of predynastic pottery
-Notes on model sarcophogus in the Museum of Cairo

Diary notes and lists of correspondence

Folder contains biographical notes which appear to have been written based on diary entries including: autobiographical notes; diary notes 1893-1930 including information on travel, work and names of people Newberry saw or was in touch with; lists of correspondence; cuttings of journal 1900-1902; sketches of scarabs, 1902; autobiographical notes on first meeting Reginald Stuart Poole and Flinders Petrie, 1941; bibliography.

Also includes numbered lists of correspondence received 1888-1935 with a brief summary of contents. Lists do not appear to be in any order, although some are sorted by year. These numbers correspond to numbers written on letters held in this collection.

Carnarvon, (Lord) George - correspondence

Correspondence from Lord Carnavon (1866-1923) including on: death of Harold Jones (1911); purchase of items including scarabs; news from excavations; news of Howard Carter; viewing collections of Egyptian items; excavation plans; lectures; book to be published including reading proofs and preparing plates.

Note:
MSS 7/109 is also numbered 321
MSS 7/116 is also numbered 235
MSS 7/117 is also numbered 291a
MSS 7/118 is also numbered 291

Frankfort, Henri - correspondence

Correspondence from Henri Franfort mainly in relation to his work for the Egypt Exploration Society.

Includes letters on: the Pepy cylinder; work at Abydos; Peker; work at Erment; visiting the Bissing collection and museum in Leiden (1928); work at Armana; identifying scarabs;
possibility of finding Dr Käthe Bosse work outside Germany (1937).

Note:
MSS 16/14 is also numbered A.81
MSS 16/15 is also numbered 230
MSS 16/16 is also numbered 5
MSS 16/17 is also numbered A.71
MSS 16/18 is also numbered 297
MSS 16/23 is also numbered 21
MSS 16/24 is also numbered 2
MSS 16/25 is also numbered 7

Garstang, John - correspondence

Correspondence from John Garstang including relating to excavation work in Egypt and Jericho, and collaboration with Newberry on publications.

Includes correspondence relating to inscriptions, Beni Hasan, Garstang's forthcoming marriage, Liverpool University, scarabs and seals including sketches and a draft reply from Newberry.

Note:
MSS 19/4 is also numbered 23
MSS 19/6 is also numbered 31
MSS 19/7 is also numbered 30
MSS 19/8 is also numbered 29
MSS 19/9 is also numbered A.45
MSS 19/11 is also numbered 29
MSS 19/12 is also numbered 42
MSS 19/13 is also numbered 11
MSS 19/14 is also numbered 40
MSS 19/15 is also numbered 39
MSS 19/16 is also numbered 36
MSS 19/17 is also numbered 35
MSS 19/18 is also numbered 37
MSS 19/19 is also numbered 34
MSS 19/20 is also numbered 33
MSS 19/22 is also numbered 38
MSS 19/23 is also numbered 61
MSS 19/24 is also numbered 51
MSS 19/33 is also numbered 267
MSS 19/34 is also numbered A.371
MSS 19/35 is also numbered A.370
MSS 19/36 is also numbered A.334
MSS 19/38 is also numbered A.46
MSS 19/39 is also numbered A.48
MSS 19/41 is also numbered A.44
MSS 19/42 is also numbered A.47
MSS 19/50 is also numbered 355
MSS 19/54 is also numbered 336
MSS 19/56 is also numbered 336a
MSS 19/58 is also numbered A.77
MSS 19/61 is also numbered A.149
MSS 19/62 is also numbered A.166
MSS 19/64 is also numbered A.160
MSS 19/65 is also numbered A.161
MSS 19/66 is also numbered A.162

Hornblower, George David - correspondence

Correspondence from George David Hornblower relating to various research interests. Includes correspondence relating to: hyksos objects; the origin of scarabs; heb sed festival; Newberry's lecture to the British Association; Carter's problems with the Egyptian Government in 1924; Egyptian climate during the 18th dynasty; financial support for the Egypt Exploration Society; Osiris; use of oil including for coronation, anointing and in the religion of mandaeans; Menes; and Mnevis.

Also includes draft reply from Newberry on Menes, Hor-Aha and Narmer.

Note:
MSS 25/37 is also numbered 218

Kelekian, Dikran - correspondence

Correspondence from Dirkran Kelekian including relating to the purchase and sale of Egyptian antiquities and the publication of his collection of scarabs and cylinders. Includes letter to Sidney Smith (British Museum) relating to the sale of cylinders and seals. Also includes draft reply from Newberry referring to the condition of his collection of antiquities after the war, 30 June 1947.

Also includes postcard of a statue of King Chefren.

Lansing, Ambrose - correspondence

Correspondence from Ambrose Lansing (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) including inviting Newberry to visit, reference to Georg Steindorff, dating scarabs, and in response to an enquiry from Newberry on standards on predynastic pots.

Also includes draft reply from Newberry relating to his research on standards as featured on predynastic red-on-buff pottery (1948).

Murray, Margaret Alice - correspondence

Correspondence from Margaret Alice Murray including relating to: travel in Egypt; lines of research; work on publications including Index of Names and Titles of the Old Kingdom (1908); reference to unrolling a mummy at Manchester Museum (1908); publications by Newbwerry including relating to Set and Neith; a Belgian teaparty held for nurses (1915); death of Sir James Frazer; work on scarabs at the Institute of Archaeology, London.

Note:
MSS 32/8 is also numbered 4
MSS 32/9 is also numbered 3
MSS 32/16 is also numbered 371
MSS 32/18 is also numbered 264
MSS 32/19 is also numbered 277
MSS 32/21 is also numbered 281

Seals from the Naqada Royal Tomb

Notebook titled on the first page 'Sealings. Garstang. Naqada Royal Tomb' containing drawings, tracings and cuttings of seals.

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Sealings, Scarabs, Cylinders'.

Research notebook

Notebook titled on inside page '1908-9 - Percy E. Newberry - University of Liverpool - c/o Thomas Cook and Sons - Cairo or Luxor'. It has also been labelled during previous archival processing 'Miscellaneous - Mainly sealings and other early dynastic material'.

Notebook contains short notes on a range of different topics, copies of inscriptions, drawings, cuttings and rubbings of scarabs and seals.

Includes notes on religion, geography, museum collections and objects, genealogy of the Newberry family, nome ensigns or standards, cult symbols and architecture.

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Sealings, Scarabs, Cylinders'.

Notes on the Timmins Collection

Notebook containing descriptive notes, drawings and copies of inscriptions on objects from the Timmins Collection. These objects were not included in Newberry, Percy E. 1907. The Timins collection of ancient Egyptian scarabs and cylinder seals. London: Constable (OEB 146409).

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Objects'.

Dynasties IV, V and VI

Folder titled 'DYN. IV, V, VI' containing notes relating to the 4th Dynasty, 5th Dynasty and 6th Dynasty.

Includes:
-Notes on King lists for the 4th, 5th and 6th Dynasties
-Notes relating to Menkaure, Khafre, Khufu and Snefru
-Notes on cylinder seals from the 5th Dynasty
-Notes on Neith and the pyramid of Neith published by Gustave Jéquier in Jéquier, G. 1933. <i>Les pyramides des reines Neit et Apouit. Fouilles à Saqqarah</i>. Le Caire: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (OEB 141991)
-Notes on Aba and the pyramid of Aba published by Gustave Jéquier in Jéquier, G. 1935. <i>La pyramide d'Aba. Fouilles at Saqqarah.</i>. Le Caire : Impr. De l'IFAO (OEB 141989)

Dynasty I, Kings 5-8 (Merneith, Den, Adjib, Semerkhet and Qa'a)

Folder titled 'Kings 5-8 - History - Dynasty I' containing 4 folders labelled by Newberry containing research material relating to the 1st Dynasty.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Wdymus Khaskhati - 5' contains research material relating to Queen Merneith and King Den from published sources. It includes:
-Notes, cuttings, tracings and drawings of labels, tablets and seal impressions of Den and Merneit from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Amélineau, Émile: <i>Les nouvelles fouilles d'Abydos. 1896-1898</i>. 3 vols (OEB 133443), and Emery, Walter B. 1938. <i>The tomb of Hemaka. Excavations at Saqqara.</i> Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138968)
-Rubbings of two fragments of a label with the name of Den (Cairo Museum, JE 34904)

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Merpba - 6' contains material relating to King Anedjib, or Adjib, including:
-Notes, drawings, rubbings of seal impressions and inscriptions mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Amélineau, Émile. 1897. <i>Les nouvelles fouilles d'Abydos</i> Volume II (OEB 133443), Gunn, Battiscombe 1928. Inscriptions from the Step Pyramid site. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte 28, 153-174 (OEB 221815)
-Cuttings of images and plans of the tomb of King Azab-Merpaba (TopBib v.82)

Folder 3 titled 'Dyn 1 Smerkhat Semempses - 7' contains material relating to King Semerkhet, including:
-Photograph of a stela of Semerkhet (Cairo Museum, CG 14633) (TopBib v.85)
-Drawings and cuttings of seal impressions mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Cuttings of images of the tomb of Mersekha-Semempses (TopBib v.85)

Folder 3 titled 'Dyn 1 Kc Sn - 8' contains material relating to King Qa'a (also known as Ka'a), including:
-Photograph of a stela of Qa'a (Cairo Museum, CG 14631) (TopBib v.86)
-Drawings and cuttings of seal impressions and other inscribed objects mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Notes on King Qa'a
-Rubbings of fragments of bowls bearing the name of Qa'a (Cairo Museum, JE 55261; JE 55255, JE 55257, JE 34398)

Vines and wine

Folder titled 'Vine and Wine' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Vine and Wine'. Notebook contains notes on the cultivation of vines, royal vineyards, sealings of officials of the vineyards, wine jar inscriptions, wine, sources of wine, wine production, wine strainers including two cuttings of photographs of wine strainers.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials with some references to Kings as well as the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

Includes:
-Offprint of Newberry, P.E., 'The Base of a Statuette of the Lady Duat-nefret, mother of Queen Nubkhaes', in Annales du Service des antiquités de l'égypte, Vol. 29, 1929 (OEB 146345)
-Notes on Queen Nubkhas and family
-Notes on Vizier Iymeru
-Notes on Vizier Ankhu
-Notes on Steward Nebankh including two draft letter to Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, 15 December 1948 and 6 January 1949, relating to Nebankh and his heart scarab
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep
-Copy of text from stela of Sihathor (TopBib i.807) (British Museum, 1348) as published in Newberry, P.E., 'Extracts from my Notebooks - 41. A Stela dated in the reign of Ab-aa' in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol.25, 1903, pp.130-4 (OEB 187707)
-Drawing, rubbing and photograph of inscriptions from a heart scarab
-Cuttings and drawings of scarabs and seals including cylinder seal of Herteptaui (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 7, no.2, 1906 (OEB 146355)), cylinder seal of Amenemhet III (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 6, no.19, 1906 (OEB 146355)), scarab of Amenemhet IV (Petrie, F., Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate 14, no.12.7, 1917 (OEB 147186))
-Comparison of texts on four scarabs including one of Nebenekh and Sobekemsaf
-Notes on Queen Iuhetibu (mother of Sobekhotep III)
-Cutting of drawing and inscriptions of green jasper human-headed heart-scarab of Sobekemsaf II set in gold mount (British Museum, EA 7876)
-Cutting of memorial cone of the scribe Sebekhetep from A guide to the Egyptian collections in the British Museum, Plate XXIX, (London, 1909) (OEB 135870)

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