Collection Lloyd MSS - George Lloyd Album

Cover Title page Bilbeis, waterwheel or sakia [sakieh] Bilbeis, view of the settlement Salhieh (Salhiya), boar hunting in the salt marshes Abu Tufla, Tarfu tree (tamarisk) Tell el-Farama (Pelusium), ruins of the citadel Abu Zaabal, a nearby mosque Salhieh (Salhiya), Fellah village nearby Birket el-Fil Cairo, Mausoleum of Amir Tankizbugha in the Northern Cemetery Giza, Pyramids of Khafra [Khephren] and Menkaure with the Tomb of Khentkaus in the foreground Gebel Maghara near el-Arish Tell el-Farama (Pelusium), ruins Tell el-Farama (Pelusium), ruins Tell el-Yahudiya (Leontopolis), view from within the ruins Tell el-Yahudiya (Leontopolis), view of the ruins Salhieh (Salhiya), a shadoof near Salhieh Egypt, portrait of a Bedouin sheikh with a gun and a sword Egypt, portrait of a Bedouin sheikh with a gun and a sword, back view Egypt, portrait of a man Egypt, portrait of a young woman holding two cockerels Mokattam Hills viewed from Giza Um Gummer Um Gummer Beni Habaseh Egypt, women collecting water from the Nile Salhieh (Salhiya), mourning women Bilbeis, palm or a shrub with fern-like branches Alexandria, Pompey's Pillar
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Reference code

Lloyd MSS


George Lloyd Album


  • 1842-1843 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1 album

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

British botanist, excavator and traveller. He was probably born in India on 17 October 1815, the illegitimate son of Sir William L. of Brynestyn, a Welsh soldier and pioneer mountaineer, and an Indian lady. Lloyd was a member of the Cairo Literary Society and excavated at Thebes with Émile Prisse d'Avennes between 1839 and 1843. He died aged 27 in an accident at Qurna on 10 October 1843. His papers and botanical collections were given to the Botanical Garden of Montpellier.

Archival history

Previously in private possession, but owner not known.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Sotheby's, London. Travel, Atlases, Maps & Natural History, Sale L17401, 9 May 2017, lot 62. Acquired by the Griffith Institute at auction (£8,125.00) thanks to a grant from the Friends of the National Libraries (100%).

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Album of watercolours, drawings, and tracings of Egypt produced close to the end of Lloyd's life. It is a folio volume (33 x 44 cm, pages 32.7 x 43 cm), containing 135 watercolours and drawings (74 of which are full-page and 1 folding) and 10 tracings (8 folding). They are all mounted and most are captioned either on the image itself or on the mount. Captions on the mount seem to have been added when the album was put together after Lloyd's death. The album also contains a loose watercolour, a loose drawing and a loose lithographed portrait of George Lloyd by Prisse d'Avennes, who published it in his Oriental Album: Characters, Costumes and Modes of Life in the Valley of the Nile (1848). One of the drawings in the album is a pencil portrait of Lloyd sketched by Prince A. Soltykoff.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Kept as received.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Property of the Griffith Institute. No restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright Griffith Institute, University of Oxford

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Conservation assessment in preparation. According to auction house's condition report: 'damp and water staining, re-backed retaining original spine, corners and edges rather rubbed'.

Finding aids


Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

This is an original.

Existence and location of copies

Not known.

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Notes area


  • Original handwritten dated captions by George Lloyd have been identified on the verso of many of the items. Although not easily accessible due to the items being mounted, they have been read by the use of a backlight.


  • Pencil numbers (encircled or not) were added later, probably by dealer.


  • Some of Lloyd's drawings of wall reliefs and paintings from temples and tombs are idealised versions of what existed on the original monuments at the time when he recorded them, and he may have completed what had been lost, obscured or was uncertain. For example, on the verso of Lloyd MSS 074 he states 'All the heads of the women were effaced, it is said by Mr. Hay's draughtsman. I have restored the face, the band round the head, and the feet.'


  • Unidentified items (totally or partially): Lloyd MSS 025, 034, 037, 063, 074, 080, 086, 088, 094, 098, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 139, 140 and 145.
  • If you spot any mistakes or can shed some light on the unidentified items, please email us at

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Physical storage

  • Shelf: 0519