Collection TAA - Tutankhamun Archive

Identity area

Reference code

TAA

Title

Tutankhamun Archive

Date(s)

  • 1922-2014 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

21 boxes, 10 albums, 6 packages, 47 maps and drawings, 7 card index drawers, 3 rolls, approximately 2000 original glass negatives, approximately 300 lantern slides, and sets of duplicate negatives and photographs.

Context area

Name of creator

(1874-1939)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, London 1874. Died, London 1939. Privately educated. Employed by P. E. Newberry in 1891 working for the Archaeological Survey. Assisted in excavations for the Egypt Exploration Fund 1892-3, was with Petrie at Amarna in 1892, and as a draughtsman to the Deir el-Bahri expedition 1893-9. Appointed Chief Inspector of Antiquities of Upper Egypt 1899-1904. Discovered several royal tombs, including those of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis IV and Amenophis I. Inspector of Lower Egypt 1905. Employed by Lord Carnarvon from 1909 onwards, to excavate in the Theban necropolis, the Delta and Middle Egypt. His most famous discovery, that of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun, was made in 1922. He spent the next ten years recording the tomb's contents. Most of Carter's records for Tutankhamun's tomb remain unpublished.

Name of creator

(1879-1940)

Biographical history

British archaeologist and photographer. Born, Stamford 1879. Died, Asyut 1940. Began his photographic career in Florence with the art historian R. Cust. He was then engaged as a excavator at Thebes by Theodore Davis between 1910-14. Then from 1914 onwards he worked for the rest of his career as a photographer for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. His task was to record many of the royal and private tombs at Thebes. Between 1922 and 1933 he was lent by the Metropolitan Museum to Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter to make a photographic record during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Name of creator

(1874-1928)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, Glenorchy, Hobart, Tasmania 1874. Died, Haywards Heath, Sussex 1928. Educated, St Edward's School, Oxford, then Keble College, Oxford. BA, 1895. Worked with W. M. F. Petrie at Dendera, Hû, and Abydos, between 1897-1901. Assisted G. A. Reisner on the California University excavations at Gîza, 1901-6. From 1906 onwards, he spent of the rest of his career working for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, culminating in the position of Associate Curator in 1922. He founded and directed the first Metropolitan Museum expedition to Egypt. Between 1922-4 he was engaged as an assistant to H. Carter during the early stages of excavating of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He was forced to resign this position due to poor health. He published several books and articles and collaborated with Carter on the first volume of the publication <i>The Tomb of Tut.Ankh.Amen</i> (1923).

Name of creator

(1867-1945)

Biographical history

British chemist. Born, Chorlton-upon-Medlock 1867. Died, Luxor 1945. Educated, School of Mines, London, and the Royal College of Science. Worked for the British Government as an assistant chemist, until ill health prompted a move to Egypt. There he was engaged as an assistant chemist to the Government Salt Department, 1898. He initially managed the Survey Department and Assay Office laboratories, he was then appointed Chemist for the Antiquities Service, 1923-32. Honorary Consulting Chemist, 1932-45. He was able to put his expertise in cleaning, consolidating, and conserving antiquities to good use when he was lent by the Antiquities Service to H. Carter during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He also worked at Tanis with P. M. Montet. Published many books about his work in this field.

Archival history

Carter bequeathed his excavation records to his niece Miss Phyllis Walker in 1939. For other material included within this group, see the catalogue.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Miss Walker donated Carter's excavation records (and Carter MSS) in several groups in 1945, 1946, 1959, and 1972. Other material was acquired at various times, see the catalogue.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Notebooks, negatives, photographs, maps, and drawings made during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. For other material, refer to the catalogue.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Mostly kept as received and arranged in four groups.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Property of the Griffith Institute. No restrictions apart from certain categories listed in the catalogue.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright Griffith Institute, Oxford, except for those items marked otherwise in the catalogue.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

No problems.

Finding aids

Catalogue. Also online (www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/4taa.html).

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

These are the original excavation records. For other and secondary material included here, see the catalogue.

Existence and location of copies

Refer to the catalogue. Digitised copies of almost all Carter's Tutankhamun excavation records exist in the Griffith Institute.

Related units of description

Other Archives:

  • Dr D. E. Derry's original notes and reports on mummy in the archive of University College London.
  • Aprox. 26 botanical samples from the tomb of Tutankhamun and related Carter correspondence in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Group of papers, including handwritten and typed drafts for his publication The Tomb of Tut-ankh-Amen (1922-33), drafts for lectures, notes and correspondence, auctioned together with some personal papers, correspondence and objects at Bonhams London in 12 June 2012 (https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/20137/lot/39/), much of which is now in the Peggy Joy Egyptology Library in Michigan, USA [information provided in November 2017].

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Physical storage

  • Shelf: 0101-0107
  • Shelf: 0114
  • Shelf: 0121
  • Shelf: 1401-1412
  • Shelf: 1501-1503
  • Shelf: 1704-1706
  • Shelf: 1901-1902