- 1922-2014 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
21 boxes, 10 albums, 6 packages, 47 maps and drawings, 7 card index drawers, 3 rolls, approximately 2000 original glass negatives, approximately 300 lantern slides, and sets of duplicate negatives and photographs.
Name of creator
British Egyptologist. Born, London 1874. Died, London 1939. Privately educated. Employed by P. E. Newberry in 1891 working for the Archaeological Survey. Assisted in excavations for the Egypt Exploration Fund 1892-3, was with Petrie at Amarna in 1892, and as a draughtsman to the Deir el-Bahri expedition 1893-9. Appointed Chief Inspector of Antiquities of Upper Egypt 1899-1904. Discovered several royal tombs, including those of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis IV and Amenophis I. Inspector of Lower Egypt 1905. Employed by Lord Carnarvon from 1909 onwards, to excavate in the Theban necropolis, the Delta and Middle Egypt. His most famous discovery, that of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun, was made in 1922. He spent the next ten years recording the tomb's contents. Most of Carter's records for Tutankhamun's tomb remain unpublished.
Name of creator
British archaeologist and photographer. Born, Stamford 1879. Died, Asyut 1940. Began his photographic career in Florence with the art historian R. Cust. He was then engaged as a excavator at Thebes by Theodore Davis between 1910-14. Then from 1914 onwards he worked for the rest of his career as a photographer for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. His task was to record many of the royal and private tombs at Thebes. Between 1922 and 1933 he was lent by the Metropolitan Museum to Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter to make a photographic record during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Name of creator
British Egyptologist. Born, Glenorchy, Hobart, Tasmania 1874. Died, Haywards Heath, Sussex 1928. Educated, St Edward's School, Oxford, then Keble College, Oxford. BA, 1895. Worked with W. M. F. Petrie at Dendera, Hû, and Abydos, between 1897-1901. Assisted G. A. Reisner on the California University excavations at Gîza, 1901-6. From 1906 onwards, he spent of the rest of his career working for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, culminating in the position of Associate Curator in 1922. He founded and directed the first Metropolitan Museum expedition to Egypt. Between 1922-4 he was engaged as an assistant to H. Carter during the early stages of excavating of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He was forced to resign this position due to poor health. He published several books and articles and collaborated with Carter on the first volume of the publication <i>The Tomb of Tut.Ankh.Amen</i> (1923).
Name of creator
British chemist. Born, Chorlton-upon-Medlock 1867. Died, Luxor 1945. Educated, School of Mines, London, and the Royal College of Science. Worked for the British Government as an assistant chemist, until ill health prompted a move to Egypt. There he was engaged as an assistant chemist to the Government Salt Department, 1898. He initially managed the Survey Department and Assay Office laboratories, he was then appointed Chemist for the Antiquities Service, 1923-32. Honorary Consulting Chemist, 1932-45. He was able to put his expertise in cleaning, consolidating, and conserving antiquities to good use when he was lent by the Antiquities Service to H. Carter during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. He also worked at Tanis with P. M. Montet. Published many books about his work in this field.
Carter bequeathed his excavation records to his niece Miss Phyllis Walker in 1939. For other material included within this group, see the catalogue.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Miss Walker donated Carter's excavation records (and Carter MSS) in several groups in 1945, 1946, 1959, and 1972. Other material was acquired at various times, see the catalogue.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Notebooks, negatives, photographs, maps, and drawings made during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun. For other material, refer to the catalogue.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Mostly kept as received and arranged in four groups.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Property of the Griffith Institute. No restrictions apart from certain categories listed in the catalogue.
Conditions governing reproduction
Copyright Griffith Institute, Oxford, except for those items marked otherwise in the catalogue.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Catalogue. Also online (www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/4taa.html).
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
These are the original excavation records. For other and secondary material included here, see the catalogue.
Existence and location of copies
Refer to the catalogue. Digitised copies of almost all Carter's Tutankhamun excavation records exist in the Griffith Institute.
Related units of description
- H. Carter and A. Mace, <i>The Tomb of Tut-ankh-Amen</i>, 3 vols. (1922-33).
- For a list of the Tutankhamun Tomb Series fascicles published by the Griffith Institute, see http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/publications.html.
- See web publication of original excavation records 'Tutankhamun: Anatomy of an Excavation': http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/discoveringTut/.