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Archival description
File Scarabs and Seals (Percy Newberry Collection)
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Bethell, (Hon.) Richard - correspondence

Correspondence from Hon. Richard Bethell (1883-1929) relating to the purchase of items at auction including scarabs and rings; a quarrel Newberry had with Howard Carter over the sale of items; letter stating his intention to sell his entire Egyptian collection due to lack of money; letter about a prehistoric pot purchased by Bethell.

Note:
MSS 4/101 is also numbered 7a
MSS 4/103 is also numbered 7
MSS 4/104 is also numbered 15
MSS 4/106 is also numbered 287
MSS 4/110 is also numbered 233

Scarabs and seals

Notebook containing cuttings and drawings of scarabs; cuttings and rubbing of cylinder seal impressions, (one dated 1929); notes on scarabs, seals and the sealing process.

Also includes envelope containing photographs of scarabs.

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Sealings, Scarabs, Cylinders'.

Dynasties II and III

Folder titled 'DYN II and III' containing material relating to possible Kings of 2nd Dynasty and 3rd Dynasty. This folder includes three empty folders at the back which presumably used to house this material titled 'Dyn 2 - Khasehem - Khasekhemui', 'Dyn III ? [sic] Horus Khaba', and 'Horus Hotepsekhemui [in hieroglyphs] and Horus Raneb/Nebra [in hieroglyphs] - Dyn II or III'.

Includes:

-Copy of King lists for the 2nd and 3rd Dynasties

-Copies of inscriptions relating to Hotepsekhemwy

-Notes on a Tarkhan seal

-Notes on the 9th name on the Abydos King List titled 'King Bed W.'

-Cuttings of objects from the Tomb of Peribsen including inscriptions relating to Hotep-Ahaui and King Raneb (also known as Nebra)

-Rubbings

-Notes, rubbing and drawing of inscription of Nubnefer (Cairo Museum, JE 55268)

-Notes, cutting and drawings of inscriptions of Nynetjer (also known as Ninetjer) (Cairo Museum, JE 34938, JE 34933)

-Notes, rubbings and drawings of clay sealing and inscriptions of Sekhemib (including Cairo Museum, JE 55262, JE 55263, JE 55264, JE 55266, JE 55267)

-Rubbing and drawings of inscriptions of Khasekhemwy

-Notes on 'The Horus King Khaba'

Dynasty XVIII

Folder titled 'DYN XVIII to death of AII [Amenhotep II]' containing research material on the 18th Dynasty.

Includes:

-Typed and handwritten notes on Kings and Queens of the 18th Dynasty, including King lists, occurences of names on inscribed objects, notes titled 'Sethe's view of Th. [Tuthmosis] I. II. III. and Hatshepsut', typed draft on the history of Dynasty XVIII, typed draft on Queen Ahhotep, and notes on mortuary temples

-Handwritten notes on Kamose

-Handwritten notes on Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Tuthmosis I

-Handwritten notes on Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose-Nefertari including drawing of a scarab

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis I

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis II

-Handwritten notes on Hatshepsut and copy of an inscription from the base of an obelisk taken from Lepsius, R., Denkmaeler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, (1849)

-Rubbings and drawings of inscriptions on vase fragments relating to Hatshepsut

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis III and draft lecture on relations with Asia under Tuthmosis III

-Handwritten notes on Amenhotep II

-Handwritten notes on the 18th Dynasty including notes on Amenhotep, son of Hapu and notes from a publication on New Kingdom Stelae, Leiden

Evans, (Sir) Arthur John - correspondence

Correspondence from Sir Arthur John Evans (1851-1941) including relating to Evans' research, cylinder seals and arranging visits. Also includes letter relating to early Egyptian cults and their symbols which has the following note on the back by Newberry which appears to be an idea for an article: 'Primitive cults of Egypt as Illustrated by Nome Signs'.

Notes:
MSS 14/36 is also numbered 15
MSS 14/38 is also numbered 274
MSS 14/39 is also numbered A.33
MSS 14/40 is also numbered A.34

Fleming, R. - correspondence

Letter from Miss R. Fleming (Royal Anthropological Institute) accepting Newberry's offer to review an article. Letter from Newberry relating to his identification of two scarabs found in Wiltshire.

Cylinder seal impressions

Notebook housed in an envelope containing cuttings and drawings of cylinder seals and impressions from Abydos, including the tombs of Khasekhemwy and Neterkhet (also known as Djoser). Pages of the notebook have been numbered by Peter Kaplony on 26th November 1959. Notebook also includes loose pages of draft plates for Newberry, P.E., 'Impressions of seals from Abydos', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume 2, p.130 with plates xxii-xxv (1909) (OEB 146367).

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Scarabs and Cylinders'.

Neithhotep and tomb

Folder titled 'Nîthotēp Naqada Tomb' containing notes and research material relating to Neithhotep and the identification of the Naqada tomb (TopBib v.118).

Includes:
-Typed and handwritten notes on Queen Hetep (Neith-Hetep) and her tomb at Naqada
-Notes on objects inscribed with name of Queen Neithhotep
-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) including Plate II and Plate VA
-Copies of ivory labels found in the tomb of Neithhotep (Cairo Museum, CG 14102, CG 14103, CG 14106, CG 14104) from Morgan, J. de 1897. <i>Recherches sur les origines de l'Égypte: ethnographie préhistorique et tombeau royal de Négadah</i>. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145679)
-Notes on the correct reading of the name of Neithhotep
-List of the contents of Chamber B
-Notes on seals found in the tomb of Neithhotep
-Notes and cuttings of a plan and section of tomb of Merneith (TopBib v.82)
-Typed notes on Libyan Amazons
-Notes and sketches of ivory tablet of Aha from the tomb at Naqada (Cairo Museum, CG 14142) (TopBib v.118)

Dynasty I and Kings 1-4 (Narmer/Menes, Hor-Aha, Djer and Djet)

Folder titled 'History Dynasty I Kings 1-4' containing 6 paper folders labelled by Newberry and two envelopes.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Lists' includes:

-Notes, rubbings and drawings on the Palermo Stone

-Notes on King lists for the 1st Dynasty

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Narmer Menes - 1' includes:

-Notes on Narmer, Menes, Aha and monuments bearing the name of Narmer, including draft notes for Alan Gardiner

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Aha - 2' includes:

-Two letters from Walter Emery to Newberry on 'The Son of Isis' and Hor-Aha seal, August 1938 (there are replies to this correspondence in Envelope 2, NEWB075).

-Tracings and cuttings from Emery, Walter B. 1939. ?or-A?a. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, F. et al, 'Abydos II', (1903) (OEB 146956)

-Notes, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to Aha

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zer Ta - 3' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zer [also referred to as Djer]

-Cutting of Newberry, Percy, 'Egyptian Historical Notes II: 6. The Stela of King Zer', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology Volume 36 (OEB 187736)

-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184).

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zet - 4' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zet and the Tomb of Zet [also known as Djet]

-Notes on seals of the reign of King Zet

Folder titled 'Emery Hor aha' includes:

-Notes, tracings, and cuttings including from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. Abydos, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956).

The two envelopes include:

-Tracings and drawings of seal impressions from The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore

-Notes on labels including ivory and wooden labels of the 1st Dynasty, labels used for oils and unguents, and labels for necklaces and strings of beads

Oils and unguents

Folder titled 'Oils and Unguents' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Oils and Unguents'. Notebook contains notes on oils and unguents including head dressing, oil used on the skin, massage, nwdw seeds, oil from moringa, oil and unguent used in rituals, variant writings of the oil name h3tt thnw or oil from Tehenu-land or Libya with publication references.

Also includes cuttings and drawings of attestations in tomb scenes, seals and labels.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Research material relating to Neith

Notes and parts of drafts relating to Neith. Includes notes on the figure of eight shield with crossed arrows, single and compound ensigns featuring bows and crossed arrows, the Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow, and different forms of bow and arrows.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow'
-Tracings of stone bead seals
-Notes on the form of bows and depictions of bow like objects
-Part of draft and notes on Neith and the bow of Neith
-Notes on Athena
-Notes relating to Libya
-Reprint of Hogarth, D.G. 'The Zakro Sealings', in Journal of Hellenic Studies, Volume XXII, (1902)

Notes also include reference to 'NB [Notebook] Sais and Folder'.

Research material on scarabs

Research material on scarabs including notes, cuttings, drawings and correspondence.

Includes:
-Copy of inscriptions from scarabs in King Fuad's collection
-Letter from Flinders Petrie with postscript by Hilda Petrie relating to inscriptions on a scarab and cylinder seal, 5 December 1902
-Letter from Service des Antiquities, Karnak, relating to two scarabs, with drawings, 11 May 1903 (in French)
-One page of notes on the Fraser collection
-Notes on scarabs from Cyprus and and two letters from Einar Gjerstad on scarabs excavated by the Swedish Expedition in Cyprus, 12 January 1930-1 July 1931 to be deciphered by Newberry
-Letters from Arthur Evans and Claude Frédéric-Armand Schaeffer asking Newberry to look at scarabs excavated by Schaeffer at Ras Shamra, 21-25 August 1937
-Notes and drawings of scarabs excavated by Claude Schaeffer at Ras Shamra, 1937
-Two letter from John Garstang relating to scarabs, 3-21 Novemeber 1934 with response to the first letter from Newberry 7 November 1934
-Letter from John Garstang relating to the impression of a scarab in a jar handle, 19 December 1931
-Photographs of scarabs referred to by John Garstang in his correspondence
-Photographs of scarabs from the 25th and 26th Dynasties (C4724 and C4726, Hellenic Society Library Slide Collection listed in 'Accessions to the Catalogue of Slides', in The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 50, Part 2 (1930), pp. xc-c)
-Photographs of scarabs, one of which has been identified during previous archival processing as being from the Vatican Museum
-Envelope labelled '(Enlarged 2 diams.) - J.A. Spranger his scarab' containing three photographs of a scarab
-Letter from Arthur Edward Pearse Broome Weigall relating to scarabs, 30 June 1901
-Pages from a notebook containing drawings of scarabs from Athens
-Letter from William Badè, Palestine Institute of the Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, relating to scarabs with two enclosed photographs, 26 September 1930.

Notes on inscribed objects

Includes:
-Cutting of an image of a clay sealing
-Notes on Morgan, J., 'L'Humanité prehistorique', Paris 1924 (OEB 145667)
-Notes on bow from the tomb of Tutankhamun
-Notes on a chisel ended arrow head in Woolley, 'Excavations at Ur, 1929-30', (London, 1930) p.387
-Handwritten and typed up notes on the Gebel el 'Arak knife handle (Louvre Museum, E 11517) (TopBib v.107).
-Typed and handwritten notes on types of predynastic pottery
-Notes on model sarcophogus in the Museum of Cairo

Diary notes and lists of correspondence

Folder contains biographical notes which appear to have been written based on diary entries including: autobiographical notes; diary notes 1893-1930 including information on travel, work and names of people Newberry saw or was in touch with; lists of correspondence; cuttings of journal 1900-1902; sketches of scarabs, 1902; autobiographical notes on first meeting Reginald Stuart Poole and Flinders Petrie, 1941; bibliography.

Also includes numbered lists of correspondence received 1888-1935 with a brief summary of contents. Lists do not appear to be in any order, although some are sorted by year. These numbers correspond to numbers written on letters held in this collection.

Hornblower, George David - correspondence

Correspondence from George David Hornblower relating to various research interests. Includes correspondence relating to: hyksos objects; the origin of scarabs; heb sed festival; Newberry's lecture to the British Association; Carter's problems with the Egyptian Government in 1924; Egyptian climate during the 18th dynasty; financial support for the Egypt Exploration Society; Osiris; use of oil including for coronation, anointing and in the religion of mandaeans; Menes; and Mnevis.

Also includes draft reply from Newberry on Menes, Hor-Aha and Narmer.

Note:
MSS 25/37 is also numbered 218

Kelekian, Dikran - correspondence

Correspondence from Dirkran Kelekian including relating to the purchase and sale of Egyptian antiquities and the publication of his collection of scarabs and cylinders. Includes letter to Sidney Smith (British Museum) relating to the sale of cylinders and seals. Also includes draft reply from Newberry referring to the condition of his collection of antiquities after the war, 30 June 1947.

Also includes postcard of a statue of King Chefren.

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