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Percy Edward Newberry Collection File
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Animals - Rekhyt bird, Rhinoceros, Snakes, Graffiti of Animals, Libyan Desert, Various Mammals

Folder titled 'Rekhyt bird, Rhinoceros, Snakes, Graffiti of animals, Libyan Desert, Various Mammals' containing five handbound notebooks titled 'The Rekhyt-Bird', 'Rhinoceros', 'Snakes', 'Graffiti of Animals - Libyan Desert', 'Various Mammals' and some loose notes.

Notebook titled 'The Rekhyt-Bird' includes notes and draft on the rekhyt-bird and Newberry's identification of it with the Crested Bustard rather than the Plover. Also includes:

-Notes on bustards including photograph

-Use of the hieroglyphic sign in the name of King Aha

-Drawings and tracings of the rekhyt-bird

-Cuttings from publications of depictions of the rekhyt-bird in tomb scenes

-Rubbing and cutting of a slate palette fragment (Cairo Museum, CG 14238 bis) (TopBib v.105A)

Notebook titled 'Rhinoceros' contains notes on the rhinoceros and tracings.

Notebook titled 'Snakes' contains notes on snakes including references to snakes or the serpant god, snake cults, cobras, and winged snakes. Notes include a reference to 'small card index "snakes"' and 'folder serpents'. Notebook also includes two loose pages which appear to have been inserted by Diana Magee. These pages are a handwritten draft of Newberry, Percy, 'Fy "cerastes"', in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 34 (Dec., 1948), p. 118 (OEB 1466).

Notebook titled 'Graffiti of Animals - Libyan Desert' contains notes on rock graffiti and prehistoric rock engravings, notes on the Libyan Desert including a bibliography and a draft titled 'On the former fertility of the Libyan desert'.

Notebook titled 'Various Mammals' includes notes on cats including a tracing, the wolf, fox and jackal including tracing, the mouse, the rat, the hedgehog or porcupine, mythical animals and domestication of animals. Also includes:

-Cutting of images of a carved handle of a ceremonial knife (Metropolitan Museum, 26.7.1281)

-Drawings on a board of animal heads including oryx, ibex and dorcas gazelles.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Animals - Hippopotamus, Horse and Chariot, Lion, Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer, Ostrich

Folder numbered 3 and titled 'Hippopotamus, Horse and Chariot, Lion, Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer, Ostrich' containing five handbound notebooks titled 'Hippopotamus', 'Horse and Chariot', 'Lion', 'Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyaena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer' and 'Ostrich'.

Notebook titled 'Hippopotamus' contains typed notes and draft on the hippopotamus.

Notebook titled 'Horse and Chariot' contains notes on the horse and the chariot including their introduction into Egypt, early references to them, representations in art, as well as notes on mules and charioteers. Also includes:

-Cutting of an image of a side of a painted box from the tomb of Tutankhamen showing Tutankhamen in a chariot (Cairo Museum, JE 61467)

-Cuttings of images of the interior and exterior of a chariot of Tuthmosis IV (Cairo Museum, JE 46097)

Notebook titled 'Lion' contains notes on lions including hunting lions, references to and representations of lions, their distribution and behavior. Also includes cutting of an image of a side of a painted box from the tomb of Tutankhamen showing Tutankhamen shooting lions from his chariot (Cairo Museum, JE 61467).

Notebook titled 'Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyaena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer' includes:

-Notes on different species of baboon and monkey including cutting of drawings of two baboon-shaped objects

-Notes on the bat

-Notes on the cheetah including photograph of Newberry with a cheetah

-Notes on the jerboa

-Notes on references to the hyena

-Notes on references to the bear

-Notes on references to the porcupine including cutting of a porcupine inscription (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 1132)

-Draft on the fallow deer including tracing and drawings

Notebook titled 'Ostrich' includes notes on the ostrich including their distribution and on ostrich feathers worn in the hair. Also includes:

-Cuttings from The Illustrated London News of a fan made out of ostrich feathers and fan handle found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, 22 January 1927 (TopBib i2.583 [242])

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Animals - Fish, Dolphin, Frog, Scorpion, Goats, Sheep, Giraffe

Folder titled 'Fishes, Dolphin, Goat and Sheep, Giraffe' containing four handbound notebooks titled 'Fishes - Dolphin', 'Frog - Scorpion - Insects', 'Goats and Sheep', and 'Giraffe'.

Notebook titled 'Fishes - Dolphin' contains notes on fish including notes on catfish and fishing. Also includes a draft titled 'The Catfish', tracings and drawings of fish including catfish, cuttings of fish from the Temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahari (TopBib ii2.344-347(10)-(11), organised by plate number taken from Naville, Edouard 1895. The temple of Deir el Bahari, 6 vols. Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund [13]; [14]; [16]; [19]; [27]; 29. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. (OEB 146237) Volume 3, plates 69, 72, 73, and notes on dolphins.

Notebook titled 'Frog - Scorpion - Insects' contains notes on reptiles and insects including frogs and scorpions.

Notebook titled 'Goats and Sheep' contains notes on goat and sheep including on domestication, origin, breeds, distinction between the two, herds, associated cults, Mendes, and Khnum. Also includes tracings, cuttings and drawings of goats and sheep, and a photograph of goats in a tree taken in Morrocco.

Notebook titled 'Giraffe' contains notes and cuttings on giraffes.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Animals - Antelope, Ass, Bovidae, Crocodile, Dog, Elephant

Folder titled 'Antelopes, Ass, Bovidae, Crocodile, Dog, Elephant' containing six handbound notebooks titled with each animal.

Notebook titled 'Antelopes' contains notes, tracings and drawings relating to the Addax, Oryx, and Nome of the Oryx. Also includes photograph of two antelope heads with their lower jaws.

Notebook titled 'Ass' contains notes and a tracing relating to the domesticated and wild ass.

Notebook titled 'Bovidae' contains notes, tracings and cuttings relating to cattle including castration, Mneris, oxen, cow, and words connected with oxen, cows and calves.

Notebook titled 'Crocodile' contains notes relating to crocodiles including names, personal names, the crocodile cult and Sobek.

Notebook titled 'Dog' contains notes relating to dogs including dog breeds and names of breeds, dog burial and mummification, hunting hounds in North Africa and pet names of dogs. Also includes typed draft titled 'Ancient Egyptian breeds of dogs' with figures, lists of references to dogs, tracings and drawings.

Notebook titled 'Elephant' contains notes relating to elephants including taming and hamstringing elephants, their distribution in Africa and Syria, and prehistoric drawings. Also includes two tracings and a drawing.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Flora and Egyptian gardens

Folder titled 'Flora - miscellaneous; Egyptian Gardens' containing two handbound notebooks titled 'Flora - Miscellaneous' and 'Egyptian Gardens'.

Notebook titled 'Flora - Miscellaneous' contains notes, tracings and drawings relating to Egyptian flora including on agriculture, storing of grain, labdanum and its collection, cistus, cypress, gossypium, and cinammon. Also includes handwritten draft on the pomegranate, c.1947.

Notebook titled 'Egyptian Gardens' contains material relating to Egyptian gardens including:

-Notes on Methen's garden and orchard

-Cuttings of inscription relating to and depictions of gardens

-Drawing of a myrrh tree from a bas-relief in the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari

-Photograph of the Libyan or Tehenu palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14238, JE 27434)

-Typed notes on gardening in Egypt, the pomegranate and cultivated olive trees

-Postcard showing Tutankhamen and his Queen in a garden

-Newspaper cutting of Newberry, Percy, 'Gardening 6000 Years Ago' in The Gardeners' Chronicle, no.678, 23 December 1899.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Trees

Folder titled 'Trees' containing two notebooks (one handbound) also titled 'Trees'.

Handbound notebook titled 'Trees' contains notes relating to trees including on tree names, characteristic trees and shrubs of Egypt, incense, the date palm, tamarix, sycamore fig, sacred tree in nomes, nebak or zizyphus spina-Christi, and carob.

Also includes page of tracings titled 'Pomegranate and Early Kings' and a photograph of a pomegranate tree.

The second notebook contains an index at the front and includes notes relating to trees including on carob, castor oil including photograph of the castor oil tree or ricinus communis, ebony, persea tree, pine trees, balamites, tjeret-tree, date palm, and almond.

Also includes lists of occurences of other tree names. Roughly half of the notebook has been used. Page 11-12 on the pomegranate has been cut out.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Oils and unguents

Folder titled 'Oils and Unguents' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Oils and Unguents'. Notebook contains notes on oils and unguents including head dressing, oil used on the skin, massage, nwdw seeds, oil from moringa, oil and unguent used in rituals, variant writings of the oil name h3tt thnw or oil from Tehenu-land or Libya with publication references.

Also includes cuttings and drawings of attestations in tomb scenes, seals and labels.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Vines and wine

Folder titled 'Vine and Wine' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Vine and Wine'. Notebook contains notes on the cultivation of vines, royal vineyards, sealings of officials of the vineyards, wine jar inscriptions, wine, sources of wine, wine production, wine strainers including two cuttings of photographs of wine strainers.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Moringa

Folder titled 'Moringa' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Moringa'.

Includes:

-Notes on species of moringa

-List of moringa synonyms

-Draft titled 'Note on M.Loret's identification of the b3k tree with the Moringa

-Notes on trees including Myrobalanum and Balanites Aegypitiaca

-Notes and typed draft on balsam

-Notes and drawing on an ivory cylinder found in the tomb of King Khaskheti published in Petrie, F. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties, plate vii, no.13 (OEB 147184)

-Notes titled 'Yaqut on Mataria and the Balsam Tree'

-Notes on balm

-Drawings and notes on occurences of a hieroglyphic sign in the shape of a seed pod with publication references

-Notes on Cassia and Carob trees

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

The mandrake

Folder titled 'Mandrake (Scorpion King)' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Mandrake' in which where are notes on a hieroglyphic sign in the shape of a rosette which precedes the royal name on the Scorpion King's Macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1896-1908.E3632) and which Newberry identifies as the mandrake.

Includes:

-Notes on occurences of the hieroglyphic sign

-Tracings of occurences of the hieroglyphic sign including handle of a flint knife (Cairo Museum, CG 14265), an ivory spoon and an Astrabad vessel

-Small and large photograph of a mandrake plant

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

The olive

Folder titled 'Olive' and numbered 4, containing two handbound notebooks labelled 'Olive Tree' and 'Olive Oil', an unbound notebook titled 'Olive Tree - The Maryut Region', and a mounted photograph of an olive tree with note on the back 'Gethsemane - "Tree of the Agony"'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree' includes:
-Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, 150th Session, 31 December 1937 containing 'On some African species of the genus Olea and the original home of the cultivated Olive-tree' by Prof. Percy E. Newberry, 28 October 1937 (OEB 146386), including handwritten notes in the margins
-Typed draft titled 'The Cultivated Olive-tree'
-Handwritten notes on the olive, names for the olive in different languages including by the berbers
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) of early attestations of tehenu oil or oil from Libya
-Newspaper cutting on the olive in Tunisia
-Typed draft on the thnw tree being the same as the b3k tree

Notes include reference to 'NB [Notebook] 30' and 'envelope Olive Names'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree' includes:
-Notes on variant oil names with bibliographic references
-Typed draft on tehenu oil or oil from Libya
-Typed draft on the thnw tree being the same as the b3k tree
-Typed draft on the b3k tree and its oil
-Draft titled 'Note on M.Loret's identification of the b3k tree with the Moringa'
-Draft on the Moringa tree and its oil
-Draft on the translation of the Moringa tree and seed pod
-Draft on the translation of Nhh, a generic word for denoting oil
-Notes on unguents
-Cuttings of photographs of Menna and his wife being offered a bouquet (TopBib i.137(5)) and Menna and family fishing and fowling (TopBib i.138(12)) from tomb TT69 Menna
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Notes on Shezmu
-Notes,drawings, tracings and a photograph on olive presses

Notes include references to 'NB29' and 'NB38'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree - The Maryut Region' includes:
-Draft on Athena and olives
-Typed notes on the olive trees including olive trees in the Mediterranean, species of olive tree, conditions for growing olives, and development of the cultivated olive tree.
-Typed and handwritten versions of a draft titled 'The Maryut Region'
-Typed draft titled 'The Oases of the Libyan Desert'

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Ancient peoples including Libyans

Folder titled 'Hamites. Lybians' containing notes on ancient peoples, including notes on Libya, or Tehenu-land, and its inhabitants.

Includes:
-Draft on the <i>pdtiu</i> or 'bow people', with tracing of the standards on the uppermost register of the Scorpion King's macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1896-1908.E3632)
-Notes on bows
-Notes on Libyans and Libyan tribes
-Notes on 'The Nine Bows' including copies of inscriptions from the Temple of Horus at Edfu (TopBib vi.164(320 }-(323)) taken from Rougé, Jacques de (ed.) 1880. <i>Inscriptions et notices recueillies à Edfou (Haute-Égypte) pendant la mission scientifique de M. le vicomte Emmanuel de Rougé</i>, 2 vols. Paris: Ernest Leroux, plates CXIII-CXV (OEB 148961)
-Notes on the land of Medja (a region in modern northern Sudan)
-Part of a draft on inhabitants of the north west Delta region
-Notes on the history of Tehenu-land including tracings and cutting of an ivory cylinder found at Hieraconpolis with Narmer depicted as a catfish striking his Libyan enemies (Ashmolean Museum, E.3915)
-Notes on berbers
-Part of a draft titled 'Tehenu-land; its situation, history, cults, and products'
-Notes on Tehenu-land
-Drawing of a reconstruction of three ivory fragments featuring men carrying handled vases, published in Petrie, F. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>, Plate IIIa no.2 and Plate IV no.s 6 and 15 (OEB 147184)
-Cutting of an image of a vase fragment featuring a soldier (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 15084)
-Cutting of an image of a basalt statuette known as the 'MacGregor Man' (Ashmolean Museum, 1922.70) (TopBib v.119A)
-Draft on Tehenu-land including tracing of a scene from the Mortuary Temple of Sahure, published in Borchardt, L. 1913. <i>Das Grabdenkmal des Königs Sáḥu-re: Die Wandbilder: Abbildungsblätter</i>, Volume II, Plate I, Leipzig: Hinrichs (OEB 134997)

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Geographical 2'.

The Middle East

Folder titled 'Syria and Wn [Western] Asia'.

Includes:

-Notes on foreign place names

-Notes on Syria

-Notes on Phoenicia, Retenu, Philistia, Naharin and Arabia

-Notes and draft on Byblos

Libya and Sudan

Folder titled 'Geography. Nubia and the Sudan' and numbered 5.

Includes:

-Notes on countries to the south of Egypt including Sudan and Ethiopia

-Notes on Punt and its inhabitants including a postcard featuring the Queen of Punt

-Notes on Cyrenaica (now known as Libya), flora and fauna in Libya

-Typed draft on olive trees in Cyrenaica (now known as Libya)

-Typed notes on Colonel R.L. Playfair's travel in Libya in 1876

Oases

Folder titled 'Oases' and numbered 6(a) containing research notes on oases including Dakhla, Bahariya Oasis, Farafra, Siwa and Kharga.

Nomes

Folder titled 'Egypt. Nomes. Lower Egypt' containing notes on places and nomes in Egypt.

Includes:
-Notes on the Nile and bibliographic references to the Nile
-Envelope containing notes on Ta-Seti and Aswan including tracing and drawing of a fragment of a stela depicting Khasekhem with a bow on his head published in Quibell, J. E. and F. W. Green 1900-1902. <i>Hierakonpolis</i>, Part 2. London: Bernard Quaritch (OEB 147893)
-Notes on Edfu
-Notes from Mariette-Bey, A. 1871. <i>Dendérah: description générale du grand temple de cette ville</i>, Volume 4, Plate 34, (Paris, 1871) (OEB 144495)
-Nome priests
-Notes and tracings of birds possibly relating to the 18th nome of Upper Egypt Nemty

Egyptian Delta

Folder titled 'Tinnis' containing notes on the Delta region and places in Egypt including Tinnis, Pelusium and Lake Manzaleh. Includes letter from Howard Carter giving an account of his work at Ballaman including his relations with Gaston Maspero, 18-19th April 1913.

Also includes:

-Notes on Tinnis, Pelusium and Lake Manzaleh

-Extracts from Jakut's Geographical Dictionary (Leipzig, 1866) including on Tinnis

-Notes on places in the Delta region including the Isthmus of Suez, Thennesus, Memphis, Al Farama, Al Ghofar and Bubastis

Place names and geography

Folder titled 'Geography. Egypt. General. Name etc.' including:

-Typed list titled 'Tells and Koms mentioned in the Arabic Sibakh-List of December 1909'

-Notes on, and lists of place names

Deforestation, dessication and climate changes in Egypt

Folder titled 'Deforestation : Dessication' containing research notes on deforestation, dessication and climate changes in Egypt.

Includes

-Notes on the Libyan Desert or Sahara including on deforestation

-Notes in preparation for a lecture titled 'Taming the land and interpretation of nature'

-Notes on articles by Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker

-Notes on deforestation

-Notes on the former fertility of Egypt

-Newspaper cutting on soil erosion in Africa by Elspeth Huxley from The Times, 10 June 1937

-Notes on the geology of Egypt

-Typed lecture notes on deforestation, flora and fauna in Egypt

-Notes on dessication or drying up of lakes and rivers

-Typed draft titled 'Deforestation of Mediterrannean Lands'

-Notes on deserts

Dynasty XVIII

Folder titled 'DYN XVIII to death of AII [Amenhotep II]' containing research material on the 18th Dynasty.

Includes:

-Typed and handwritten notes on Kings and Queens of the 18th Dynasty, including King lists, occurences of names on inscribed objects, notes titled 'Sethe's view of Th. [Tuthmosis] I. II. III. and Hatshepsut', typed draft on the history of Dynasty XVIII, typed draft on Queen Ahhotep, and notes on mortuary temples

-Handwritten notes on Kamose

-Handwritten notes on Ahmose I, Amenhotep I, Tuthmosis I

-Handwritten notes on Ahmose I and Queen Ahmose-Nefertari including drawing of a scarab

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis I

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis II

-Handwritten notes on Hatshepsut and copy of an inscription from the base of an obelisk taken from Lepsius, R., Denkmaeler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, (1849)

-Rubbings and drawings of inscriptions on vase fragments relating to Hatshepsut

-Handwritten notes on Tuthmosis III and draft lecture on relations with Asia under Tuthmosis III

-Handwritten notes on Amenhotep II

-Handwritten notes on the 18th Dynasty including notes on Amenhotep, son of Hapu and notes from a publication on New Kingdom Stelae, Leiden

Dynasty XII

Folder containing research material on the 12th Dynasty.

Includes:
-Notes on King Lists
-Typed and handwritten notes on Amenemhet I and related inscriptions
-Handwritten notes on Senusret I and related inscriptions including copy and photograph of the Stela of Antefoker (TopBib v.101) (Leiden Museum, AP 7)
-Handwritten notes on Amenemhet III and related inscriptions
-Typed and handwritten notes on Nitocris, copies of a typed draft titled 'A Hitherto Unrecognised Queen Nitokris of the Twelth Dynasty' and notes on a statue group of Amenemhet and two princesses (Cairo Museum, JE 43104) (TopBib iv.51)
-Handwritten notes on Amenemhet IV including cuttings of images of a Cosmetic Box of Kemeni (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 26.7.1438) (TopBib, i.619(25)), and handwritten and typed versions of a draft
-Notes on Ammenemes III (also known as Amenemhet III), Ammenemes IV (also known as Amenemhet IV) and Sobknefru (also known as Sobekneferu) including handwritten draft and copy of published version of Newberry, P.E., 'Co-regencies of Ammenemes III, IV and Sebknofru', in JEA 29, 74-5 (1943) (OEB 146350), and handwritten and typed copies of a draft titled 'Queen Kasebekre Nefrusebekshedeti'
-Handwritten notes on Hatnub graffiti (TopBib iv.237-239)
-Inscriptions from Wadi Hammamat (TopBib vii.328) taken from Couyat, Jules: Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât / par J. Couyat et P. Montet. - Le Caire : Impr. De l'IFAO, 1913. (OEB 137441) p.48 [43], plate XIII, and Sinai (TopBib vii.345-366) taken from Gardiner, Alan H. and T. Eric Peet 1917. <i>The inscriptions of Sinai. Part I: introduction and plates</i>. Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund [36]. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 139938)
-Handwritten notes on Princess Ptahnofru

There is a small folder at the back which has been labelled 'XII-XIII Dyn' and 'Miscellaneous' during previous archival processing and includes notes relating to the 12th Dynasty, including a draft letter to Alan Gardiner on the transcription of King's names.

Dynasties II and III

Folder titled 'DYN II and III' containing material relating to possible Kings of 2nd Dynasty and 3rd Dynasty. This folder includes three empty folders at the back which presumably used to house this material titled 'Dyn 2 - Khasehem - Khasekhemui', 'Dyn III ? [sic] Horus Khaba', and 'Horus Hotepsekhemui [in hieroglyphs] and Horus Raneb/Nebra [in hieroglyphs] - Dyn II or III'.

Includes:

-Copy of King lists for the 2nd and 3rd Dynasties

-Copies of inscriptions relating to Hotepsekhemwy

-Notes on a Tarkhan seal

-Notes on the 9th name on the Abydos King List titled 'King Bed W.'

-Cuttings of objects from the Tomb of Peribsen including inscriptions relating to Hotep-Ahaui and King Raneb (also known as Nebra)

-Rubbings

-Notes, rubbing and drawing of inscription of Nubnefer (Cairo Museum, JE 55268)

-Notes, cutting and drawings of inscriptions of Nynetjer (also known as Ninetjer) (Cairo Museum, JE 34938, JE 34933)

-Notes, rubbings and drawings of clay sealing and inscriptions of Sekhemib (including Cairo Museum, JE 55262, JE 55263, JE 55264, JE 55266, JE 55267)

-Rubbing and drawings of inscriptions of Khasekhemwy

-Notes on 'The Horus King Khaba'

Predynastic Egypt

Folder titled 'Predynastic Kings names Palermo and Cairo fragments' containing material relating to Predynastic Egypt.

Includes:

-Drafts on the history of Predynastic Egypt

-Notes on 'paleolithic implants' in Egypt

-Typed notes on the 'Predynastic Population'

-Handwritten notes on flints

-One page of a handwritten draft and notes on the Chalcolithic Period

-Notes on Predynastic pottery

-Tracings of Predynastic pottery depicting boats

-One page of a handwritten draft titled 'Some Cults of Prehistoric Egypt'

-Three pages of a handwritten draft on cult insignia

-Draft letter to Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards on research activity, 30 December 1947

Dynasty I, Kings 5-8 (Merneith, Den, Adjib, Semerkhet and Qa'a)

Folder titled 'Kings 5-8 - History - Dynasty I' containing 4 folders labelled by Newberry containing research material relating to the 1st Dynasty.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Wdymus Khaskhati - 5' contains research material relating to Queen Merneith and King Den from published sources. It includes:
-Notes, cuttings, tracings and drawings of labels, tablets and seal impressions of Den and Merneit from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Amélineau, Émile: <i>Les nouvelles fouilles d'Abydos. 1896-1898</i>. 3 vols (OEB 133443), and Emery, Walter B. 1938. <i>The tomb of Hemaka. Excavations at Saqqara.</i> Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138968)
-Rubbings of two fragments of a label with the name of Den (Cairo Museum, JE 34904)

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Merpba - 6' contains material relating to King Anedjib, or Adjib, including:
-Notes, drawings, rubbings of seal impressions and inscriptions mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Amélineau, Émile. 1897. <i>Les nouvelles fouilles d'Abydos</i> Volume II (OEB 133443), Gunn, Battiscombe 1928. Inscriptions from the Step Pyramid site. Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte 28, 153-174 (OEB 221815)
-Cuttings of images and plans of the tomb of King Azab-Merpaba (TopBib v.82)

Folder 3 titled 'Dyn 1 Smerkhat Semempses - 7' contains material relating to King Semerkhet, including:
-Photograph of a stela of Semerkhet (Cairo Museum, CG 14633) (TopBib v.85)
-Drawings and cuttings of seal impressions mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Cuttings of images of the tomb of Mersekha-Semempses (TopBib v.85)

Folder 3 titled 'Dyn 1 Kc Sn - 8' contains material relating to King Qa'a (also known as Ka'a), including:
-Photograph of a stela of Qa'a (Cairo Museum, CG 14631) (TopBib v.86)
-Drawings and cuttings of seal impressions and other inscribed objects mostly taken from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. <i>The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty</i>. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Notes on King Qa'a
-Rubbings of fragments of bowls bearing the name of Qa'a (Cairo Museum, JE 55261; JE 55255, JE 55257, JE 34398)

Dynasty I and Kings 1-4 (Narmer/Menes, Hor-Aha, Djer and Djet)

Folder titled 'History Dynasty I Kings 1-4' containing 6 paper folders labelled by Newberry and two envelopes.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Lists' includes:

-Notes, rubbings and drawings on the Palermo Stone

-Notes on King lists for the 1st Dynasty

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Narmer Menes - 1' includes:

-Notes on Narmer, Menes, Aha and monuments bearing the name of Narmer, including draft notes for Alan Gardiner

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Aha - 2' includes:

-Two letters from Walter Emery to Newberry on 'The Son of Isis' and Hor-Aha seal, August 1938 (there are replies to this correspondence in Envelope 2, NEWB075).

-Tracings and cuttings from Emery, Walter B. 1939. ?or-A?a. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, F. et al, 'Abydos II', (1903) (OEB 146956)

-Notes, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to Aha

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zer Ta - 3' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zer [also referred to as Djer]

-Cutting of Newberry, Percy, 'Egyptian Historical Notes II: 6. The Stela of King Zer', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology Volume 36 (OEB 187736)

-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184).

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zet - 4' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zet and the Tomb of Zet [also known as Djet]

-Notes on seals of the reign of King Zet

Folder titled 'Emery Hor aha' includes:

-Notes, tracings, and cuttings including from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. Abydos, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956).

The two envelopes include:

-Tracings and drawings of seal impressions from The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore

-Notes on labels including ivory and wooden labels of the 1st Dynasty, labels used for oils and unguents, and labels for necklaces and strings of beads

Narmer and Menes

Folder titled 'Menes label of Narmer - (7) - Narmer-Menes identification' containing three envelopes.

Envelope 1 includes:
-Typed draft titled 'The Votive Palette of Narmer' on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum, JE 14716) with handwritten notes
-Handwritten and typed notes, commentary, cuttings on the label of Aha or Naqada Label (Cairo Museum, CG 14142), including sketches and tracings
-Typed notes on the identification of Nar as Menes and the predecessor of Aha, possibly given as a lecture
-Handwritten note on the depiction of animals on predynastic vases
-Notes on the history of the 1st Dynasty and 2nd Dynasty
-Handwritten notes on seal found in the tomb of Tarkhan I giving the name of Narmer (Petrie Museum, UC 16077)
-Tracing and sketches of a seal of Narmer Men (Ashmolean Museum, E.3915?)
-Tracings and cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Tracing and notes on two labels of Zer (also known as Djer) (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 18026 and Cairo Museum, 44365)
-Tracing from Quibell, J. E. 1907. <i>Excavations at Saqqara (1905-1906)</i>. Le Caire: Institute Français d'Archéologie Orientale (OEB 147888)
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1913. <i>Tarkhan I and Memphis V</i>. London, Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, Ld. (OEB 147219) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1914. <i>Tarkhan II</i>. London: School of Archaeology in Egypt (OEB 147220)
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. <i>Abydos</i>, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956) including inscriptions from the Tomb of King Ka-ap (also known as Qa'a)

Envelope 2 includes:
-Handwritten notes on the 1st Dynasty and tombs at Abydos titled 'Egypt before historic times'
-Typed draft correspondence from Newberry to Raymond Faulkner and Alan Gardiner relating to Emery, Walter B. 1939. <i>Ḥor-Aḥa</i>. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960) and the identification of Narmer with Menes, 1942-1947
-Typed draft correspondence to Walter Emery on Hor-Aha, 1938

Envelope 3 includes:
-Notes on personal names of the Horus King
-Notes on variant writings of the name of Narmer
-Notes on Emery, Walter B. 1939. <i>Ḥor-Aḥa</i>. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960)
-Notes on boats
-Notes on the Archaic Period and for a lecture on 1st Dynasty Kings

Related publications:
Newberry, Percy Edward: Menes : the founder of the Egyptian monarchy. - In: <i>Great ones of ancient Egypt</i>. - London : Hodder and Stoughton, 1929. - p. 35-53, 2 pl. (OEB 146376)

Neithhotep and tomb

Folder titled 'Nîthotēp Naqada Tomb' containing notes and research material relating to Neithhotep and the identification of the Naqada tomb (TopBib v.118).

Includes:
-Typed and handwritten notes on Queen Hetep (Neith-Hetep) and her tomb at Naqada
-Notes on objects inscribed with name of Queen Neithhotep
-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) including Plate II and Plate VA
-Copies of ivory labels found in the tomb of Neithhotep (Cairo Museum, CG 14102, CG 14103, CG 14106, CG 14104) from Morgan, J. de 1897. <i>Recherches sur les origines de l'Égypte: ethnographie préhistorique et tombeau royal de Négadah</i>. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145679)
-Notes on the correct reading of the name of Neithhotep
-List of the contents of Chamber B
-Notes on seals found in the tomb of Neithhotep
-Notes and cuttings of a plan and section of tomb of Merneith (TopBib v.82)
-Typed notes on Libyan Amazons
-Notes and sketches of ivory tablet of Aha from the tomb at Naqada (Cairo Museum, CG 14142) (TopBib v.118)

Dynasty XVIII

Folder titled ‘Dynasty XVIII T.IV A.III Amarna excluding Ay’. Folder contains several envelopes listed below containing material relating to the 18th Dynasty.

Envelopes include:

  1. Notes on the tomb of Tuthmosis IV (TopBib i.559) including sketches of the tomb, notes and sketches of items found in the tomb including a throne and wooden boats.

Includes:
-Notes and copy of hieroglyphs on wooden panels from sides of a throne (Right side: Boston Museum, 03.1131; Left side: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 30.8.45) (TopBib i.561)
-Notes and sketch of fragment of a wooden fan (Cairo Museum, 46095) (TopBib i.561)
-Notes and sketches on the back of a throne (Cairo Museum, 46096) (TopBib i.561)
-Notes and sketch of the right side of the inside of a chariot (Cairo Museum, 46097) (TopBib i.560)

  1. Notes relating to inscriptions in tomb TT64 belonging to Hekerneheh (TopBib i.128), including inscriptions from the vestibule of the tomb used in Newberry, Percy E. 1928. <i>The sons of Tuthmosis IV.</i> Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 14 (1/2), 82-85 (OEB 146401). Also includes letter from H.E. Winlock on work in Tomb 64 (2nd April 1925).

  2. Notes and inscriptions relating to Tuthmosis IV and his family. This material also references and relates to Newberry, Percy E. 1903. Extracts from my notebooks (VII). <i>Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology</i> 25, 357-362 (OEB 187707).
    Including:
    -Copy of inscription on statuette of Hekerneheh found by Newberry in 1898 in tomb TT63.
    -Notes, tracings, drawings and translations of wooden mummy labels with hieratic inscriptions (National Museum Scotland, 1956.154-67) found by Alexander Rhind in the tomb of Amenophis III (TopBib i.671)
    -Drawing of a wooden label of Amenemapet daughter of Tuthmosis IV, purchased by Newberry at Thebes in 1901
    -Photographs of ostracon with hieratic inscription (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 90.6.3)

  3. Notes, drafts and copies of inscriptions relating to Amenhotep III including on his wife Queen Tyi (also spelled Tiy or Tiye), father Tuthmosis IV, and daughters.

  4. Notes on Amenhotep IV [or Akhenaton], Nefertiti, Semenkhkare, Yuya, tombs at El Amarna and history of the 18th Dynasty.
    Includes:
    -Notes relating to Newberry, Percy E. 1928. Akhenaten's eldest son-in-law 'Ankhkheprurē'. <i>Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i> 14 (1/2), 3-9 (OEB 146342), and Tomb 139 (TopBib i.252) including tracing of slab (shown in figure 4, p.8).
    -Family tree of Amenhotep III
    -Notes on the chronology of tombs at El Amarna
    -Notes on Petrie, W. M. Flinders 1894. <i>Tell el Amarna</i>. London: Methuen & Co. (OEB 147222)

  5. Notes on Tutankhamun including on the tomb and copies of inscriptions.
    Includes:
    -Letter from Howard Carter to Newberry on the identity of Tutankhamun and the meaning of an inscription on a whip from his tomb, 3rd December 1931
    -Copy of inscription from the vestibule of Tomb 64 used in Newberry, Percy E. 1928. <i>The sons of Tuthmosis IV.</i> Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 14 (1/2), 82-85 (OEB 146401) (see item 2 in this folder).
    -Notes on botanical specimens found in tomb and letter from Royal Botanic Gardens Kew on the analysis of a piece of wood from the shrine of Tutankhamun, 3rd July 1925

  6. Notes, sketches and copies of inscriptions from the Rock Chapel of Min at el-Salamuni, Akhmin (TopBib v.17). Also includes notes not by Newberry titled ‘Suggestions as to P.E.N.’s copy of Ay inscription, Akhmin’.

  7. Notes, sketches, sketch plans of tomb, copies of inscriptions from Tomb 23 of Ay (TopBib i.550).

  8. Handwritten and typed drafts, notes and copies of inscriptions relating to Tiy, Ay, Tutankhamun, Amenhotep III, and their relationship to one another. Includes typed drafts titled ‘The problem of Ay and his Queen Tyi’.

  9. Letter from Norman de Garis Davies to Newberry on tomb TT192 belonging to Kheruef, the Steward of Queen Tiy.

  10. Letter from Henry Hall to Newberry on a stela depicting Seker and Tutu (British Museum, EA 211), 31st January 1923, with a rubbing of an inscription on a granite fragment (identified during previous archival processing as a fragment of sarcophogus in the tomb of Ay (Cairo Museum, 3.8.39.1) (TopBib i.551). The letter has been labelled by Newberry ‘King Ay’.

  11. Notes relating to Ay including reference cards with copies of inscriptions, and notes on tomb.

  12. Notes and reference cards relating to Tyi, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Amenhotep IV and Nefertiti.

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