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Archival description
Scarabs and Seals (Percy Newberry Collection)
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Hornblower, George David - correspondence

Correspondence from George David Hornblower relating to various research interests. Includes correspondence relating to: hyksos objects; the origin of scarabs; heb sed festival; Newberry's lecture to the British Association; Carter's problems with the Egyptian Government in 1924; Egyptian climate during the 18th dynasty; financial support for the Egypt Exploration Society; Osiris; use of oil including for coronation, anointing and in the religion of mandaeans; Menes; and Mnevis.

Also includes draft reply from Newberry on Menes, Hor-Aha and Narmer.

Note:
MSS 25/37 is also numbered 218

Kelekian Collection of cylinders, scarabs and seals

Tracings, rubbings and drawings of seals and scarabs, possibly all from the Kelekian Collection sold to Brooklyn Museum.

Also includes:

-Receipt signed by John D. Cooney, Brooklyn Museum, for the Kelekian Collection of cylinders, scarabs and seals, 12 July 1944

-Draft letter from Newberry to Dikran Kelekian relating to his collection of cylinders, scarabs and seals and describing his contribution to the war effort, c.1945

-Letter from John D. Cooney relating to the Lieder catalogue and Kelekian Collection of cylinders, scarabs and seals, 21 June 1944

-Letter from Dikran Kelekian relating to his collections and asking after Newberry's health, 17 May 1941

-Letter from Dikran Kelekian relating to his collection of cylinders, scarabs and seals, 12 June 1944

-Letter from John D. Cooney arranging to collect the Kelekian Collection, 9 July 1944

Kelekian, Dikran - correspondence

Correspondence from Dirkran Kelekian including relating to the purchase and sale of Egyptian antiquities and the publication of his collection of scarabs and cylinders. Includes letter to Sidney Smith (British Museum) relating to the sale of cylinders and seals. Also includes draft reply from Newberry referring to the condition of his collection of antiquities after the war, 30 June 1947.

Also includes postcard of a statue of King Chefren.

Lansing, Ambrose - correspondence

Correspondence from Ambrose Lansing (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) including inviting Newberry to visit, reference to Georg Steindorff, dating scarabs, and in response to an enquiry from Newberry on standards on predynastic pots.

Also includes draft reply from Newberry relating to his research on standards as featured on predynastic red-on-buff pottery (1948).

MacGregor, (Rev.) William - correspondence

Correspondence from Reverend William MacGregor including advising Newberry to stick to the limits of his permit for Beni Hassan, 1891; and relating to purchasing Newberry's collection of seals and a court case MacGregor was involved in.

Note:
MSS 30/22 is also numbered 109
MSS 30/24 is also numbered 14
MSS 30/25 is also numbered 271
MSS 30/26 is also numbered 361
MSS 30/27 is also numbered 250

Murray, Margaret Alice - correspondence

Correspondence from Margaret Alice Murray including relating to: travel in Egypt; lines of research; work on publications including Index of Names and Titles of the Old Kingdom (1908); reference to unrolling a mummy at Manchester Museum (1908); publications by Newbwerry including relating to Set and Neith; a Belgian teaparty held for nurses (1915); death of Sir James Frazer; work on scarabs at the Institute of Archaeology, London.

Note:
MSS 32/8 is also numbered 4
MSS 32/9 is also numbered 3
MSS 32/16 is also numbered 371
MSS 32/18 is also numbered 264
MSS 32/19 is also numbered 277
MSS 32/21 is also numbered 281

Myers, Oliver - correspondence

Correspondence from Oliver Myers including relating to a wazir statue, publication of Temples of Armant: A Preliminary Survey, reference to his work as a censor during the second world war and requesting Newberry's opinion on seals and scarabs.

One letter does not have a Dawson reference number.

Myres, (Sir) John Linton - correspondence

Correspondence from Sir John Linton Myres including relating to: publication and preparation of articles for the Annals of Archaeology; Gunn papers and expedition finds 1909; support for T. Eric Peet and his candiature for positions; possibility of Lord Carnavon giving a lecture; the British Association for the Advancement of Science; scarabs including publication of scarabs found in Cyprus by Newberry; olives including comments on a paper by Newberry; copyright of the Carter material held at the Griffith Institute; publication of the diaries of Joseph Bonomi by Mrs de Cosson; Egyptian and Libyan horses (1938).

Also includes letters from Newberry to Myres including relating to: Egyptian and Libyan horses (1938); arranging to meet Myres and reference to war work (1943); Newberry's health with notes on forms of bow (1945); details on the donation of Carter material by Miss Walker including copy of two letters from E.T.Leeds (Keeper, Ashmolean Museum) to Miss Walker in 1939 (1945); Joseph Bonomi and Mrs de Cosson's plans to publish his diaries, and the Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow (1947).

Note:
MSS 32/41 is also numbered 37 and A.95
MSS 32/43 is also numbered A.94
MSS 32/48 is also numbered A.341
MSS 32/52 is also numbered 252
MSS 32/54 is also numbered 387
MSS 32/55 is also numbered 383
MSS 32/56 is also numbered 296
MSS 32/57 is also numbered 333
MSS 32/58 is also numbered A.327
MSS 32/60 is also numbered A.326

Narmer and Menes

Folder titled 'Menes label of Narmer - (7) - Narmer-Menes identification' containing three envelopes.

Envelope 1 includes:
-Typed draft titled 'The Votive Palette of Narmer' on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum, JE 14716) with handwritten notes
-Handwritten and typed notes, commentary, cuttings on the label of Aha or Naqada Label (Cairo Museum, CG 14142), including sketches and tracings
-Typed notes on the identification of Nar as Menes and the predecessor of Aha, possibly given as a lecture
-Handwritten note on the depiction of animals on predynastic vases
-Notes on the history of the 1st Dynasty and 2nd Dynasty
-Handwritten notes on seal found in the tomb of Tarkhan I giving the name of Narmer (Petrie Museum, UC 16077)
-Tracing and sketches of a seal of Narmer Men (Ashmolean Museum, E.3915?)
-Tracings and cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Tracing and notes on two labels of Zer (also known as Djer) (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 18026 and Cairo Museum, 44365)
-Tracing from Quibell, J. E. 1907. <i>Excavations at Saqqara (1905-1906)</i>. Le Caire: Institute Français d'Archéologie Orientale (OEB 147888)
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1913. <i>Tarkhan I and Memphis V</i>. London, Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, Ld. (OEB 147219) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1914. <i>Tarkhan II</i>. London: School of Archaeology in Egypt (OEB 147220)
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. <i>Abydos</i>, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956) including inscriptions from the Tomb of King Ka-ap (also known as Qa'a)

Envelope 2 includes:
-Handwritten notes on the 1st Dynasty and tombs at Abydos titled 'Egypt before historic times'
-Typed draft correspondence from Newberry to Raymond Faulkner and Alan Gardiner relating to Emery, Walter B. 1939. <i>Ḥor-Aḥa</i>. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960) and the identification of Narmer with Menes, 1942-1947
-Typed draft correspondence to Walter Emery on Hor-Aha, 1938

Envelope 3 includes:
-Notes on personal names of the Horus King
-Notes on variant writings of the name of Narmer
-Notes on Emery, Walter B. 1939. <i>Ḥor-Aḥa</i>. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960)
-Notes on boats
-Notes on the Archaic Period and for a lecture on 1st Dynasty Kings

Related publications:
Newberry, Percy Edward: Menes : the founder of the Egyptian monarchy. - In: <i>Great ones of ancient Egypt</i>. - London : Hodder and Stoughton, 1929. - p. 35-53, 2 pl. (OEB 146376)

Neithhotep and tomb

Folder titled 'Nîthotēp Naqada Tomb' containing notes and research material relating to Neithhotep and the identification of the Naqada tomb (TopBib v.118).

Includes:
-Typed and handwritten notes on Queen Hetep (Neith-Hetep) and her tomb at Naqada
-Notes on objects inscribed with name of Queen Neithhotep
-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) including Plate II and Plate VA
-Copies of ivory labels found in the tomb of Neithhotep (Cairo Museum, CG 14102, CG 14103, CG 14106, CG 14104) from Morgan, J. de 1897. <i>Recherches sur les origines de l'Égypte: ethnographie préhistorique et tombeau royal de Négadah</i>. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145679)
-Notes on the correct reading of the name of Neithhotep
-List of the contents of Chamber B
-Notes on seals found in the tomb of Neithhotep
-Notes and cuttings of a plan and section of tomb of Merneith (TopBib v.82)
-Typed notes on Libyan Amazons
-Notes and sketches of ivory tablet of Aha from the tomb at Naqada (Cairo Museum, CG 14142) (TopBib v.118)

Nome ensigns

Folder titled 'Drawings Ensigns' containing notes, correspondence, photographs, rubbings, tracings and drawings relating to nome ensigns or standards (also referred to as cult ensigns).

Includes:
-Section of a draft and notes on the pomegranate tree and pomegranate ensign
-Photographs of boats on predynastic pottery and a rock drawing
-Letter from Newberry to Myrtle Broome relating to a seal of King Den in which he is harpooning and wrestling a hippopotamus published in Petrie, F., 'Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties II', Plate VII 5 and 6, (London, 1901) (OEB 147184), with enclosed tracing
-Tracings of boats from predynastic pottery with museum references
-Drawing, cutting and rubbings of a carved slate in the MacGregor collection resembling the 'Dogs Palette' published in Legge, F. 'A New Carved Slate', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, p.87, (1906) (OEB 206093)
-Letter from Carroll R. Young, The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia relating to predynastic pottery that shows boats and standards, including list of relevant items from the Museum and sketch of jar (The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, E1405), 12 July 1944
-Letter from William A. Ritchie, Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, New York, relating to a boat standard on a predynastic pot (Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, E15259) on loan from the University Museum, Philadelphia, with sketches, 18 July 1944
-Letter from John D. Cooney, Brooklyn Museum, New York with two enclosed photographs of predynastic vases featuring boats (Brooklyn Museum, 09.272; 07.144) and catalogue notes (letter refers to three photographs but only two with letter)
-Draft on an ensign on a small pot figured in Morgan, J. de, 'Recherches sur les Origines de l'Egypte', plate ix, no.3, (1896) (OEB 145678) and other similar examples which according to Newberry are inaccurate
-Notes and parts of drafts on the harpoon ensign and harpooners including handwritten draft titled 'The Harpoon Ensigns'
-Notes and part of a draft on variant forms of bows
-Notes on the pomegranate ensign

The back of the folder contains a large number of tracings and drawings of cult ensigns or standards, mostly copied from publications.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Predynastic pots - Cult ensigns'.

Notebook on topics including objects, flora, fauna, products, places and gods

Notebook labelled by John Harris 'Miscellaneous Notes' with an index at the front containing notes on objects, flora, fauna, products, places and gods. It includes examples of attestations of words, variant writings, expressions or other terms formed by or including them, and some ancient Egyptian texts/hymns in translation.

Includes handwritten notes on:

  • objects (censers, bird traps, djed pillar, netjer pole, furniture, mirrors, sandals, tjet knot, chariots, flail and crock)

  • flora (plants, trees including conifers, cedar, cypress , woods including ebony, grain and wheat)

  • fauna (dogs, camels, giraffes, deer, oryx and a fauna bibliography)

  • products (natron, incense, myrrh, methods of tapping resin)

  • places (Lebanon, Byblos, “the land of the god”, Zahi, Retjenu, Phoenicia, place names in Syria)

  • gods (Osiris, Atum-Kheprer [also referred to as Atum-Kheper or Atum-Kepri], Iah, Adonis and Attis, Neferhetep, hieroglyph for God [R8] and variants)

Also includes notes on funerary offerings, the word sedj in seals, circumcision and the ritual of embalming.

Pages 3-4, 48-49, 51-59, 61-69 and 72-75 have been cut out. According to the index at the front of the notebook these pages include notes on:
-trees and wood (merw-wood, wan-wood, Peqer tree)
-animals (pig, cat, rat, mouse, lion, fox, wolf, jackal, ass, porcupine, jerboa, hippopotamus, elephant, hyena, monkey, baboon, bat, hedeghog, bear, ichneum, leopard, hare, addax, kudu, goat, ibex, dorcas gazelle)

Dates: There are references to publications up to 1925. Notes appear to have been added at different times.

Notes on inscribed objects

Includes:
-Cutting of an image of a clay sealing
-Notes on Morgan, J., 'L'Humanité prehistorique', Paris 1924 (OEB 145667)
-Notes on bow from the tomb of Tutankhamun
-Notes on a chisel ended arrow head in Woolley, 'Excavations at Ur, 1929-30', (London, 1930) p.387
-Handwritten and typed up notes on the Gebel el 'Arak knife handle (Louvre Museum, E 11517) (TopBib v.107).
-Typed and handwritten notes on types of predynastic pottery
-Notes on model sarcophogus in the Museum of Cairo

Notes on objects

Notes, rubbings, copies of inscriptions and drawings of objects, some of which have been identified during previous archival processing and sorted according to Topographical Bibliography volume numbers.

Includes copies of inscriptions from the following:
-Stick of Harmosi, Servant in the Place of Truth (TopBib i.749)
-Pen-case of Teti, Scribe of the Lord of the Two Lands
-Statue of Djehutmosi from TT32 Djehutmosi (TopBib i.50)
-Statue of Teti-soneb (TopBib i.788) (Hanover Kestner Museum, 1935.200.106)
-Statue of Espekashuti (TopBib i.790) (British Museum, EA1225)
-Block Statue Minmosi (TopBib ii.283) (Cairo Museum, CG 638)
-False door from TT397 Nakht (TopBib ii.294)
-Stela of Thonufer (TopBib ii.395) (British Museum, EA56921)
-Canopic jar of Psammethek-sineit (TopBib iii.772) (Louvre Museum, N2975-8)
-Statue of Ptahmosi (British Museum, EA1119)
-Statue of Amenhotep, Vizier temp. Amenophis III (TopBib iv.31) (Cairo Museum, CG 590)
-Fragment of Sarcophagus of Pairkap (TopBib iv.48)
-Object from Abydos in Marseille Museum (TopBib v.102A)
-Stela of Haremhet in Turin Museum (TopBib v.103A)
-Sealing of Peribsen (TopBib v.81A)
-Stelae from Umm el-Qa’ab, Abydos (TopBib v.89A)
-Statuette of Sebekhetep in Marseilles Museum (TopBib vii.193A)
-Steatite bowl of Panufer (TopBib vii.139)
-Stela of Semtu-tefnakht [rubbing] (TopBib vii.418)
-Text of Djehutardais on a statue of a baboon in a garden at Mellawi
-Unidentified object of Siesi, baker of cakes of Osiris (called no. 31)
-Sandstone squatting statue of Iabu (TopBib viii.394) (Louvre Museum, E 10974)
-Palette fragment of Nebueteru
-Vessel bearing the name of Ria
-Stela of Iuenamun
-Stela of Ipepi (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 24031) (TopBib viii.206)
-Text of a statue of Mentuhotep
-Block from tomb of Iyemi’atib
-Coffin lid of Zeesesankh
-Palette of Djehuti
-Top of bronze trumpet with Abdel Megid inscribed
-Slate pencase of Ra’hotep
-Stela of Amosis (Hanover Kestner Museum, 1935.200.209)
-Mummy case of ‘Ankh-Khons
-Stela of Zeheres’ankh
-Titles from objects in the Leyden Museum
-Wooden coffin of Djeesesankh
-Pyramidion of Roy
-Fragmentary statue of Pedemihos (National Archaeological Museum of Naples, 1064)
-Stela of Amennakht (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1904)
-Statue of Senebhenaf (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1839)
-Stela of Menkh-sobek (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1910)
-Stela of Bebi (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1927)
-Stela of Iki (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1921)
-Stela of Mentuhotep-Ressenbu (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1930)
-Statue base with name of Pesesh (Leiden Museum, F.1938/7.26)
-Statuette of Rensoneb, Chief of the Tens
-Base of statue of Amenemhet, son of Djehout
-Stela of Sebkiri (Bologna Museo Civico Archeologico, 1933)
-Stela of Amosis (Hanover Kestner Museum, 1935.200.209)
-Statuettes of Bakt (Hanover Kestner Museum, 1935.200.107-8)
-Scarab of Ini (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 9079)
-Scarab of Khyan (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 18653)
-Scarab of Nebu (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 16395)
-Scarab of Sehetepibre (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 15367)
-Scarab of Soneb (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 1273)
-Scarab (Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, 14949)

Also includes tracings of papyri and one page on standards of boats on Naqada II pottery from the Hague Scheurleer Museum.

Notes on the Timmins Collection

Notebook containing descriptive notes, drawings and copies of inscriptions on objects from the Timmins Collection. These objects were not included in Newberry, Percy E. 1907. The Timins collection of ancient Egyptian scarabs and cylinder seals. London: Constable (OEB 146409).

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Objects'.

Oils and unguents

Folder titled 'Oils and Unguents' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Oils and Unguents'. Notebook contains notes on oils and unguents including head dressing, oil used on the skin, massage, nwdw seeds, oil from moringa, oil and unguent used in rituals, variant writings of the oil name h3tt thnw or oil from Tehenu-land or Libya with publication references.

Also includes cuttings and drawings of attestations in tomb scenes, seals and labels.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials with some references to Kings as well as the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

Includes:
-Offprint of Newberry, P.E., 'The Base of a Statuette of the Lady Duat-nefret, mother of Queen Nubkhaes', in Annales du Service des antiquités de l'égypte, Vol. 29, 1929 (OEB 146345)
-Notes on Queen Nubkhas and family
-Notes on Vizier Iymeru
-Notes on Vizier Ankhu
-Notes on Steward Nebankh including two draft letter to Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, 15 December 1948 and 6 January 1949, relating to Nebankh and his heart scarab
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep
-Copy of text from stela of Sihathor (TopBib i.807) (British Museum, 1348) as published in Newberry, P.E., 'Extracts from my Notebooks - 41. A Stela dated in the reign of Ab-aa' in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol.25, 1903, pp.130-4 (OEB 187707)
-Drawing, rubbing and photograph of inscriptions from a heart scarab
-Cuttings and drawings of scarabs and seals including cylinder seal of Herteptaui (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 7, no.2, 1906 (OEB 146355)), cylinder seal of Amenemhet III (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 6, no.19, 1906 (OEB 146355)), scarab of Amenemhet IV (Petrie, F., Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate 14, no.12.7, 1917 (OEB 147186))
-Comparison of texts on four scarabs including one of Nebenekh and Sobekemsaf
-Notes on Queen Iuhetibu (mother of Sobekhotep III)
-Cutting of drawing and inscriptions of green jasper human-headed heart-scarab of Sobekemsaf II set in gold mount (British Museum, EA 7876)
-Cutting of memorial cone of the scribe Sebekhetep from A guide to the Egyptian collections in the British Museum, Plate XXIX, (London, 1909) (OEB 135870)

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