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Notes on Granite Temple

Giza (Gîza). Pyramid Complex of Khafra (Khafre; Khephren). Valley Temple.
Notes opposite photographs on page 19 which read:
'The Granite Temple stands on the plain at the foot of the pyramid hill of gizeh; and was about 40 or 50 feet high, when unencumbered originally. It had probably two entrances, one at the N.E., and one at the S.E. corner; and from the N. end of the W. side a causeway led askew out of the temple, directly (No 365) up to the door of the temple on the E. side of the Second pyramid, which is exactly similar to it in the character of the building. This granite temple consisted of a great hall of granite with colonades (No 376) about 22 1/2 feet high; and on the roof an open court of limestone, now stripped of its casing all but one corner (No 368). The great hall is T shaped, 77 feet long & 86 feet across. The lesser hall is 60 feet long and 12 1/2 ft wide. The court on the top is 103 feet by 86 feet.
The fact of a skew passage being part of such a regular and well-oriented building, shews a strong necessity for it; and therefore that the place to which it led must have been built before this temple; which must then be after, or in the end of the reign of Chefren of the fourth dynasty. The great statue of Chefren in the Bulak Museum was found, with smaller statues, in a well in the lesser hall; the cynocephalus ape now lying there is probably the oldest idol known.
Thought the Sphinx is placed near this temple it has no known connection with it.

In the bottom right hand corner of the page there is also the note: 'See over for plan.'.

[554] Granite casing of third pyramid.

Giza (Gîza). Pyramid of Menkaure (Menkaura; Mykerinos).
Caption reads:
'Granite casing of third pyramid.
Shewing that the casing was left in the rough on the
outside, with lugs for lifting the blocks; and that it
was only finished just by the doorway.'

Also label for 'door behind heap'.

[479] In Pyramid of Pepi, part of 478.

Saqqara. Pyramid of Pepi (Pepy) I.
Caption reads:
'In Pyramid of Pepi, part of 478.
In the wall is built in, as a common stone, a slab with clumsy
figures on it, badly colored; this is the only known example
of aprentice's practise, of which so much was required.'

Also label for 'learners slab.'.

[478] Interior of pyramid of Pepi

Saqqara. Pyramid of Pepi (Pepy) I.
Caption reads:
'Interior of pyramid of Pepi,
looking down between the sloping roofstones [drawing]'

Also labels for 'corner of chamber', 'under side of roof', 'broken end of coffin', and 'bottom of coffin.'.

[469] Side of doorway of South pyramid of Dahshûr.

Dahshur. South Pyramid (Bent Pyramid) of Snofru (Snefru).
Caption reads:
'Side of doorway of South pyramid of Dahshûr.
Shewing pivot hole on which the flapdoor turned [drawing].
This explains Strabo's saying the Gt Pyramid
was closed by a stone which could be taken out.'

There is also a diagram showing 'door open'.

[494] N.W. corner of W. pile, with stones in enclosure, and edge of it.

Biahmu (Biyahmu). Colossi of Amenemhat (Amenemhet) III, bases/pedestals.
Caption reads:
'N.W. corner of W. pile, with stones in enclosure, and edge of it.
These stones are the highest that exist between the walls
and the piles; and therefore the best evidence that there
is for a continuous pyramid.'

With three arrows pointing at the monuments described.

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