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Percy Edward Newberry Collection Unidad documental compuesta Inglés
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Oils, unguents and vases

Folder titled 'Unguents and vases' containing a notebook and loose notes, cuttings, tracing and drawings relating to unguents and oils.

Notebook titled 'Oils. Unguents Cosmetics' and numbered 1 includes an inside the front cover and contains notes on oils, unguents, and their uses including annointing and use on the body and hair.

Folder includes:
-Offprint of Spiegelberg, Von Wilhelm, 'Die Gruppe [hkr nswt]', in <i>Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde</i>, Volume 34, 1896 (OEB 150751)
-Cutting of photograph of inscription from tomb TT55 Ramosi showing three girls with sistrum and <i>menats</i> before deceased and wife (TopBib i.109(9))
-Notes and draft on alabaster vases
-Draft and notes on the kheker sign and associated title which translates as favourite of the King
-Tracings of variants of the kheker sign
-Notes and draft relating to <i>nwdw</i> seeds and oil
-Draft on cones of fat
-Tracings from Davies, Norman de Garis, <i>The tomb of Rekh-mi-Rē at Thebes : Volume II</i>, 1943 (OEB 137925), showing the use of oil
-Cutting of a photograph of a false door of Nenkheftka (Cairo Museum, CG 1484) (TopBib iii2.581(6))
-Tracings showing examples of cones of fat on the head

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 4'.

The soul

Folder titled 'Souls. Totemism' although 'Totemism' has been crossed out. Includes notes on the soul, the after life, and Thoth. Also includes handwritten draft titled 'The Sacred Ibis'.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Osiris, Dionysus and Isis

Folder titled 'Osiris. Isis' containing notes on Osiris, the Djed pillar, Dionysus and Isis.

-Notes and drawings on the Djed pillar
-Notes on the tomb of Osiris and identification of the tree beside it
-Notes on trees including the cedar and cypress
-Notes on places associated with Osiris
-Notes on the false beard
-Notes on Dionysus in envelope numbered 54
-Notes on Isis
-Notes on priesthood and titles of Osiris
-Letter (which appears to have been added to this folder during archival processing) from Augustine Henry, Professor of Forestry, Royal College of Science Dublin, 26 October 1915, relating to the following reference in Frazer, J.G., Adonis, Attis, Osiris: Studies in the History of Oriental Religion, Volume 2, (1914) (OEB 8394):

'In a letter to me (dated 8th December, 1910) my colleague Professor P.E. Newberry tells me that he believes Osiris to have been originally a cedar-tree god imported into Egypt from the Lebanon, and he regards the ded pillar as a lopped cedar-tree. The flail, as a symbol of Osiris, he believes to be the instrument used to collect incense. A similar flail is used by peasants in Crete to extract the ladanum gum from the shrubs. See P. de Tournefort, Relation d'un Voyage du Levant (Amsterdam, 1718), i9, with the plate. For this reference I am indebted to Professor Newberry.'

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 29, NB 1 and NB 38.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Religion, cults and totemism

Folder titled 'Religion: Introduction' containing notes and drafts on religion, cults and totemism.

-Draft titled 'The Egyptian Belief in a Future Life'
-Notes on cult objects and the geographical distribution of cults, possibly for a lecture
-Notes on totems and totemism
-Draft on totemism (latest publication reference is 1912)
-Notes on 'Totemism and Exogamy' by J.G. Frazer, Volume 1, 1910

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Research material relating to Andjety and Bat/Hathor

Research material relating to Andjety, Bat/Hathor and the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt, including material relating to a hypothesis by Newberry that the symbol of Hathor is a cow's uterus, and that the symbol of Andjety is a goat's uterus.

-Photograph of statue of nome triad: King, Hathor Mistress of the Sycamore and bat-fetish nome goddess (Cairo Museum, JE 46499) (TopBib iii.28)
-Photographs of a predynastic pot featuring dancing figures with headresses bearing the 'cow horn' symbol (British Museum, EA 35502)
-Drawings and tracings of a cow's uterus
-Rubbing, drawing and tracing of the 'Gerzeh palette' featuring Bat symbol (Cairo Museum, CG 34173)
-Drawings showing the head dress of Andjety and the similarity to the shape of a female goats uterus
-Drawings of symbols of Bat and the similarity to the shape of a cow's uterus
-Letter from L. Pugh, Department of Agriculture, relating to the reproductive organs of a goat, 5 Aug 1921
-Notes relating to the symbol representing the bicornate uterus of animals [F45]
-Notes relating to the sistrum
-Draft, notes and draft correspondence on the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt
-Notes on identification of symbol believed by Victor Loret to be the standard of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt and the symbol of Hathor
-Notes on the standard or ensign as it appears on predynastic pottery
-Notes on shepherds
-Notes on the girdle tie and Tjet amulet also known as the Isis knot
-Notes on 'split totems' or the worship of parts of animals
-Cutting of Griffith, F., 'Notes on Mythology: Eileithyia in Egypt. The God of Busiris. Hermes Trismegistus', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, (1899) (OEB 140774)
-Notes on Astarte

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 35, NB 38, and NB 41.

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings, mainly 13th Dynasty but also references to the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

-Material relating to the Turin King List (also known as the Turin Royal Canon) including copied sections and groupings of Kings by Newberry
-Letter from Alan Gardiner relating to fragments 76 and 78 of the Turin King List, 9 May 1928
-Notes on Khutawyre Wegaf including draft letter to William Edgerton on Georges émile Jules Daressy's readings of the Cairo Demotic Papyrus (Cairo Museum, CG 31169)
-Notes on Sekhemkare Amenemhat Sonbef
-Notes on Sekhemrekhutawy Pantjeny (including rubbing of cartouches from stela of Prince Djehuti-aa (British Museum, 630) (TopBib v.45)
-Notes on Lufni
-Notes on the Sobekhotep Kings
-Rubbings of prenonem of Sedjefakare Kay Amenemhat VII from stand for sacred bowl (Cairo Museum, JE 51900) (TopBib v.145)
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep and two letters from E. Lowry Whyte, 10-17 August 1902, and enclosed tracing of cartouche of Amenemhat Sobekhotep from limestone fragment at Sothebys
-Envelope with reference PEN/G.X/E.C containing rubbings, tracings, drawings, and draft relating to Khendjer, and draft letter to Jaroslav Cerný
-Notes on Sobekhotep III and letter from Rosalind Louisa Beaufort Moss, Griffith Institute relating to stela of Sobekhotep III (TopBib vii.277), 13 April 1949
-Envelope sent from James Breasted to Newberry and labelled by Newberry 'Hyksos' containing notes by Breasted on 'On the Hyksos Question' by William Spiegelberg (OEB 150922) and 'New Material for the History of the Hyksos' by William M. Müller (OEB 145820). Also includes draft titled 'The Second Intermediate Period'.

Research notes on viziers

Envelope containing notes on viziers including on the title vizier, lists of viziers, officials of the vizier, the ceremony to install a vizier, and the history of the position.

Also includes cutting of Spiegelberg, W., 'The Viziers of the New Empire', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol. XV. 23rd Session, pp.522-526, (1893) (OEB 150895).

Research material on the Royal Annals of Egypt

Rubbings, tracings, drawings, cuttings of the Palermo Stone (1028, Palermo Museo archeologico), Cairo fragments (Cairo Museum, JE 44859; JE 39735; JE 39734; JE 44860), London fragment (Petrie Museum, UC 15508), and notes.

Also includes diagrams reconstructing the Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, and showing suggested positions of surviving fragments.

Research material on Theban private tombs

Folder of loose notes on Theban private tombs. Notes have been organised by Diana Magee according to tomb number. The folder has been re-used and there is a list inside the front cover which does not relate to the contents.

-Notes on tomb TT131 User (TopBib i.245) including description, sketch of exterior, and copy of text
-Copies of inscriptions and sketches of objects from tomb TT86 Menkheperra'sonb (TopBib i.175)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT71 Senenmut (listed by Newberry as 110) (TopBib i.139)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT64 Hekerneheh (TopBib i.128)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT81 Ineni (TopBib i.159)
-Notes on tomb TT40 Amenhotep called Huy (TopBib i.75) including diary notes 16 and 21 November 1900 on work and finds, drawings of stone jamb and stela of Mermes, (items originally from tomb TT383 Merymosi, TopBib i.436), and funeral cone, sketch plan of the tomb and copy of text
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT83 Amethu (TopBib i.167)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT82 Amenemhet (TopBib i.163)
-Notes on tomb TT100 Rekhmire (TopBib i.206), including cuttings from Newberry, P.E., The life of Rekhmara, vezîr of Upper Egypt under Thothmes III and Amenhetep II (circa B.C. 1471-1448), (Westminster, 1900) (OEB 146373) with annotations, tracing, cuttings from Virey, P., Le tombeau de Rekhmara, Préfet de Thébes sous la XVIIIe Dynastie, (Paris, 1889) (OEB 151820)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT85 Amenemhab (TopBib i.170), and cutting titled 'The Biographical Inscription'
-Copy of text from tomb TT353 Senenmut (TopBib i.417)
-Notes on tomb TT99 Senufer (TopBib i.204)
-Copy of names and titles from tomb TT59 Ken (TopBib i.120)
-Copy of text from tomb TT66 Hepu (TopBib i.132)
-Copy of text from tomb TT39 Puimre (TopBib i.71)
-Copy of text from tomb TT263 Piay (TopBib i.344)
-Copy of text from tomb TT78 Haremhab (TopBib i.152)

Copies of Theban graffiti

Envelope labelled 'Graffiti : Thebes 1912' and numbered A.15.

Contains copies of graffiti including from the chamber above Deir el-Bahari. Includes reference to NB [Notebook] 5 and numbered notes by Howard Carter e.g. Carter 47.23.

Research material on tombs in Asyut

Research material on tombs in Asyut, identified during previous archival processing as being for a publication on Assiut [Asyut], and corrections to Griffith, F., The inscriptions of Siut and Dêr Rîfeh, (1889) (OEB 140749).

The original folder has been re-used and the title 'Flora - General (1)' crossed out. The folder includes a list of material relating to the original contents on flora.

Contains notes on tombs in Asyut including descriptions of tomb decoration with sketches, sketch plans of tombs including measurements with position of objects and paintings, copy of inscriptions, translations of inscriptions, and family trees.

Also includes copy of inscriptions from an 11th Dynasty tomb at Asyut (TopBib iv.265A), see Magee, Diana. 1988. Asyût to the end of the Middle Kingdom : a historical and cultural study. Thesis (D.Phil.), volume 2 page 34, University of Oxford. Faculty of Oriental Studies, and corrections to Griffith, F., The inscriptions of Siut and Dêr Rîfeh, (1889) (OEB 140749), including cuttings of lines from plate 9 and 10.

Photographs from the tomb of Pedusiri and the tomb of Djehutihotep, Deir el-Bersha


-Photograph labelled on the reverse 'Enlargement of a photograph by Major Brown, Inspector General of Irrigation, Upper Egypt. Inscription relating to the Colossal Statue at El Bersheh.' (TopBib iv.180(14-15))

-Two photographs of the exterior of the tomb of Pedusiri (TopBib iv.169).

The photographs have been identified during previous archival processing with Topographical Bibliography references written on the back.

Research material on cylinder seals

Research material relating to cylinder seals. Includes drawings, tracings, rubbings and cuttings of pictures of cylinder seals or fragments of cylinder seals, with references to publications and museum objects.


-Letter sent to Newberry from the Metropolitan Museum of Art relating to impressions of cylinder seals requested by Newberry, 26 May 1914

-Drafts on sealing wine and other jars

-Draft titled 'The Archaic Period'

-Notes on titles

-Envelope containing two pieces of card with drawings of cylinder seal impressions and button shaped seals and stamps from the collection of Frank Jay Gould

-Envelope labelled PEN/G.VI/E.E containing photographs of cylinder seal impressions from the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore

-Envelope containing two rubbings of a cylinder seal of Neuserre and one rubbing of a cylinder seal of Amenemhet III (Brooklyn Museum, 44.123.61)

-Envelope containing rubbings and tracings of rubbings of seals of Pepy I [also Pepi I] (Brooklyn Museum, 44.123.32), Neuserre (Brooklyn Museum, 44.123.31) and Amenemhet IV (Brooklyn Museum, 44.123.62)

Photographs of stelae

Photographs of stelae including from the Amherst collection. The photographs have been identified during previous archival processing and museum reference numbers and Topographical Bibliography references have been written on the back.

-Stela, Amenophis IV, Queen and three princesses (Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum, 14145) (TopBib iv.232)
-Stela of Amenophis III, granite, originally in his Temple (Cairo Museum, CG 34025) (TopBib ii.447)
-Ankh-hathor, Prophetess of Hathor Mistress of the Sycamore in all her places, and of Neith North of the Wall Opener of the Ways, temp. Userkaf or later (Princeton University Art Museum) (TopBib iii.746)
-Two stelae of Mentuhotpi (Liverpool Merseyside County Museum, M. (TopBib v.165A) and (Liverpool Institute of Archaeology, E.67) (TopBib v.165A)
-Stela of Ipep (TopBib v.165A)
-Stela of Djedetemiuefankh (Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, 1920.1977
-Kaemmedu, Overseer of interpreters, false door with figure in high relief (Copenhagen Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek, 1549) (TopBib i.803)
-Stela of Meritneit (Cairo Museum, JE 34550) (TopBib v.82)
-Family stela of Zeamunefankh (Cairo Museum, 43197) (TopBib i.619)
-Stela of Remenyankh (Cairo Museum, 20571) (TopBib v.267)
-Stela of Amenuser (Mrs Josephine Fisher Private Collection) (TopBib v.67)
-Stela of Hatiay (Cairo Museum, temporary number (TopBib v.58A)
-Upper part of false door, west wall of tomb of Rehotp (British Museum, 1242) (TopBib iv.91)
-Stela of Miy (Brussels Cinquantenaire Museum, E5300) (TopBib v.99)
-Stela of Ken with Ahmosi (Berlin Museum 14200) (TopBib iv.59)
-Stela of Akhmim (Baltimore Museum, 23.124) (TopBib v.23)
-Three stelae of Senusret (Louvre Museum, C16-18)
-Stela of Titi (Cambridge Fitzwilliam Museum E.1.1840) (TopBib 803-028-430)
-Stela of Nubkas (Louvre Museum, C13)
-Stela of Senbi (Liverpool Merseyside County Museum, M.13635)
-Stela of Senen (Liverpool Merseyside County Museum, M.13661)
-Stela, including hand copy of inscriptions (Cairo Museum, CG 20724)
-Stela of Rawer from the Giza necropolis in situ (Cairo Museum, JE 66626) (TopBib iii.67(22)) (PEN/G.IV/F.B)

Stelae from the Amherst Collection:
-Stela of [Har]emhab (Leiden Museum, F.1926/1.1) (TopBib 803-049-812)
-Stela of Ptahemsaf (Wilborg Collection) (TopBib iii.748)
-Stela of Huy (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 21.2.67)
-Stela, possibly of Webenameniotef
-Panel of false door of Sonb, Giza (TopBib iii.302)

Photographs of sarcophagi

Photographs of sarcophagi, including from the Amherst collection, and one photograph of an offering table.

The photographs have been identified during previous archival processing with museum references and Topographical Bibliography references written on the back.


Fragment of a sarcophagus naming Unnefer (TopBib iii.763A)

An early Ptolemaic coffin later in the Brummer collection

Sarcophagus of Ay (Cairo Museum, JE 72131) (TopBib i.551)

Sarcophagus of Kamy [postcard] (Brooklyn Museum, 37.15E) (TopBib i.822)

Research notes on religion

Research material relating to religion in ancient Egypt, including notes housed in an envelope on Alan Gardiner's entry 'Egypt: Ancient Religion' in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition (1911).

Includes draft contents page for a publication which correlates with the subject of the notes:

The Cults of Ancient Egypt

  1. Introduction

  2. Totemism and Survivals of Totemism: Syncretism

  3. Evolution of the Anthropological God

  4. Temple and Priesthood

  5. The Egyptian belief in a Future life and belief in the Soul

  6. Cults: 1. Stone Cults 2. Trees and Plants 3. Animal Cults a) quadrupeds b) birds c) reptiles d) Insects 4. Split totems 5. Artificial Objects

  7. Cosmic Deities: The Egyptian Cosmos

  8. Evolution of Ethical Ideas

  9. Egyptian Religion and its influence on the ancient world

Images of bee-keeping and honey production

Plates of photographs and drawings relating to bees, bee-keeping and the production of honey, which appear to be ready for publication.


-Photograph and drawing of a scene from the east wall of the sun temple of Neuserre (TopBib iii.321) showing the production of honey (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, E 20035)

-Photograph of a published copy of inscriptions from tomb TT100 Rekhmire (TopBib i.211(14)) showing the production of honey

-Photograph of a published copy of inscriptions from the tomb of Pabasa (TopBib i.358) showing bee-keeping

Osborn, Theodore George Bentley - correspondence

Correspondence from Theodore George Bentley Osborn (Department of Botany, University of Oxford) relating to identification of leaves used to make an 'apron' or pectoral found at El Amarna in 1934. Includes draft reply from Newberry including details of his work identifying plant remains and related notes.

Osler, (Sir) William - correspondence

Correspondence from Sir William Osler (1849-1919) arranging to meet Newberry.

One letter is undated, the other has a date stamp that is a little smudged but looks like 1918.

MSS 34/46 is also numbered A.293
MSS 34/47 is also numbered A.293a

Peet, Thomas Eric - correspondence

Correspondence from T. Eric Peet including relating to his work for the Egypt Exploration Society (EES), University of Liverpool, as Editor of the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (JEA) and the University of Oxford, as well as letters during the First World War including relating to his work for the Army Service Corps and Infantry.

Includes correspondence relating to: study of Egyptology and requesting books (1908-9); evidence of cults in Crete (1910); excavation work at Abydos with John Garstang including details of workers and warning Newberry of theft by a particular worker (1910-11); seeking work for his brothers; the issue of dealers selling antiquities in Egypt (1911); lecturing for Newberry at the University of Liverpool; work on Petrie’s copies of Sinai inscriptions with Alan Gardiner; election to the Brunner Chair of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool; news from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Liverpool; work for EES and a retaining fee paid to Peet during the war (1920); Bosanquet’s resignation from the University of Liverpool (1920); Pro-German tendencies of the EES (1920); publication of a guide to the Egyptian collections at Liverpool Museum; publication of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus and Turin Papyri; teaching and students of Egyptology including Egyptian students; application for position at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; publication of articles by Newberry in the JEA; research on girdle or belt with possible inscription of Ramesses III (1933); on taking up position at University of Oxford.

Also includes draft correspondence from Newberry to Peet on Peet’s election to the Brunner Chair of Egyptology, changed attitudes in Egypt to the English with reference to treatment of Howard Carter (1924), and on providing a reference for Peet for the position at the Ashmolean Museum (1928).

MSS 36/1 is also numbered 96
MSS 36/15 is also numbered 161 and 162
MSS 36/33 is also numbered 359

Pemberton, William S. Childe - correspondence

Correspondence from William S. Childe Pemberton including relating to the possibility of helping Newberry at Tell el Amarna and referring to making arrangements with Petrie (1892), travel in Egypt and reminiscences of time spent in Egypt (1923).

MSS 35/26 is also numbered 13c
MSS 35/27 is also numbered 13a
MSS 35/28 is also numbered 13b
MSS 35/30 is also numbered 13
MSS 35/31 is also numbered A.198
MSS 35/32 is also numbered A.379

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