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Percy Edward Newberry Collection
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Draft on Theban dynasties and the tombs of Theban Kings

Draft of an unpublished book on Theban dynasties and the tombs of Theban Kings including typed sections, typed and handwritten notes, sketches and extracts from other publications including Belzoni, G.B., Narrative of the operations and recent discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples, Tombs and Excavations in Egypt and Nubia, (London, 1820) (OEB 134077). There is a draft contents page as follows:

Preface

Chapter I Thebes and its history

II The Theban Necropolis

III The Royal Tombs and their inscriptions

IV The Funeral Furniture

V Records of the Tomb Robberies in Ancient Times

VI Modern Exploration in the Royal Necropolis

Appendix. List of Pharoahs buried at Thebes with notes on their tombs and on the antiquities that have been found in them.

Glossary

Index

This material has been divided between two archival folders for preservation.

Research notes on viziers

Envelope containing notes on viziers including on the title vizier, lists of viziers, officials of the vizier, the ceremony to install a vizier, and the history of the position.

Also includes cutting of Spiegelberg, W., 'The Viziers of the New Empire', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol. XV. 23rd Session, pp.522-526, (1893) (OEB 150895).

Research material on the Royal Annals of Egypt

Rubbings, tracings, drawings, cuttings of the Palermo Stone (1028, Palermo Museo archeologico), Cairo fragments (Cairo Museum, JE 44859; JE 39735; JE 39734; JE 44860), London fragment (Petrie Museum, UC 15508), and notes.

Also includes diagrams reconstructing the Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, and showing suggested positions of surviving fragments.

Research material on Theban private tombs

Folder of loose notes on Theban private tombs. Notes have been organised by Diana Magee according to tomb number. The folder has been re-used and there is a list inside the front cover which does not relate to the contents.

Includes:
-Notes on tomb TT131 User (TopBib i.245) including description, sketch of exterior, and copy of text
-Copies of inscriptions and sketches of objects from tomb TT86 Menkheperra'sonb (TopBib i.175)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT71 Senenmut (listed by Newberry as 110) (TopBib i.139)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT64 Hekerneheh (TopBib i.128)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT81 Ineni (TopBib i.159)
-Notes on tomb TT40 Amenhotep called Huy (TopBib i.75) including diary notes 16 and 21 November 1900 on work and finds, drawings of stone jamb and stela of Mermes, (items originally from tomb TT383 Merymosi, TopBib i.436), and funeral cone, sketch plan of the tomb and copy of text
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT83 Amethu (TopBib i.167)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT82 Amenemhet (TopBib i.163)
-Notes on tomb TT100 Rekhmire (TopBib i.206), including cuttings from Newberry, P.E., The life of Rekhmara, vezîr of Upper Egypt under Thothmes III and Amenhetep II (circa B.C. 1471-1448), (Westminster, 1900) (OEB 146373) with annotations, tracing, cuttings from Virey, P., Le tombeau de Rekhmara, Préfet de Thébes sous la XVIIIe Dynastie, (Paris, 1889) (OEB 151820)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT85 Amenemhab (TopBib i.170), and cutting titled 'The Biographical Inscription'
-Copy of text from tomb TT353 Senenmut (TopBib i.417)
-Notes on tomb TT99 Senufer (TopBib i.204)
-Copy of names and titles from tomb TT59 Ken (TopBib i.120)
-Copy of text from tomb TT66 Hepu (TopBib i.132)
-Copy of text from tomb TT39 Puimre (TopBib i.71)
-Copy of text from tomb TT263 Piay (TopBib i.344)
-Copy of text from tomb TT78 Haremhab (TopBib i.152)

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials

Research material on Second Intermediate Period royal families and officials with some references to Kings as well as the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

Includes:
-Offprint of Newberry, P.E., 'The Base of a Statuette of the Lady Duat-nefret, mother of Queen Nubkhaes', in Annales du Service des antiquités de l'égypte, Vol. 29, 1929 (OEB 146345)
-Notes on Queen Nubkhas and family
-Notes on Vizier Iymeru
-Notes on Vizier Ankhu
-Notes on Steward Nebankh including two draft letter to Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, 15 December 1948 and 6 January 1949, relating to Nebankh and his heart scarab
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep
-Copy of text from stela of Sihathor (TopBib i.807) (British Museum, 1348) as published in Newberry, P.E., 'Extracts from my Notebooks - 41. A Stela dated in the reign of Ab-aa' in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol.25, 1903, pp.130-4 (OEB 187707)
-Drawing, rubbing and photograph of inscriptions from a heart scarab
-Cuttings and drawings of scarabs and seals including cylinder seal of Herteptaui (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 7, no.2, 1906 (OEB 146355)), cylinder seal of Amenemhet III (Newberry, P.E., Scarabs, Plate 6, no.19, 1906 (OEB 146355)), scarab of Amenemhet IV (Petrie, F., Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate 14, no.12.7, 1917 (OEB 147186))
-Comparison of texts on four scarabs including one of Nebenekh and Sobekemsaf
-Notes on Queen Iuhetibu (mother of Sobekhotep III)
-Cutting of drawing and inscriptions of green jasper human-headed heart-scarab of Sobekemsaf II set in gold mount (British Museum, EA 7876)
-Cutting of memorial cone of the scribe Sebekhetep from A guide to the Egyptian collections in the British Museum, Plate XXIX, (London, 1909) (OEB 135870)

Tombs and Sites

This group of material relates to Tombs and Sites in Egypt and in particular Newberry’s research on tombs and sites at Thebes.

Research folder on Theban private tombs

Folder titled 'Theban Private Tombs (Notes) - cf. Gardiner-Weigall: Topographical Catalogue - Porter-Moss: Bibliography'. Contains brief notes on inscriptions and decoration of Theban private tombs, and sketches. Notes are organised numerically by tomb number. It appears that the notes on tombs 63, 65 and 226, and some notes on tomb 62, may have been added to this folder during previous archival processing.

Includes notes on the following tombs:

TT13 Shuroy (TopBib i.25)

TT14 Huy (TopBib i.26)

TT16 Panehesi (TopBib i.28)

TT17 Nebamun (TopBib i.29)

TT19 Amenmosi (TopBib i.32)

TT22 Wah (TopBib i.37)

TT24 Nebamun (TopBib i.41)

TT44 Amenemhab (TopBib i.84)

TT54 Huy (TopBib i.104)

TT55 Ramosi (TopBib i.105)

TT57 Kha'emhet (TopBib i.113)

TT62 Amenemwaskhet (TopBib i.125)

TT63 Sebkhotp (TopBib i.125)

TT65 Nebamun (TopBib i.129)

TT72 Re (TopBib i.142)

TT73 Amenhotp (TopBib i.143)

TT74 Thanuny (TopBib i.144)

TT75 Amenhotp-si-se (TopBib i.146)

TT76 Thenuna (TopBib i.149)

TT78 Haremhab (TopBib i.152)

TT79 Menkheper (TopBib i.156)

TT91 Name lost (TopBib i.129)

TT104 Dhutnufer (TopBib i.217)

TT105 Kha'emopet (TopBib i.218)

TT106 Paser (TopBib i.219)

TT107 Nefersekheru (TopBib i.224)

TT108 Nebseny (TopBib i.225)

TT109 Min (TopBib i.226)

TT110 Dhout (TopBib i.227)

TT121 Ahmosi (TopBib i.235)

TT139 Pairi (TopBib i.252)

TT143 Name lost (TopBib i.255)

TT147 Name lost (TopBib i.258)

TT148 Amenemopet (TopBib i.259)

TT149 Amenmosi (TopBib i.260)

TT150 Userhet (TopBib i.261)

TT151 Hety (TopBib i.261)

TT154 Tati (TopBib i.262)

TT155 Antef (TopBib i.263)

TT161 Nakht (TopBib i.274)

TT166 Ra'mosi (TopBib i.277)

TT172 Mentiywy (TopBib i.279)

TT175 No name (TopBib i.281)

TT176 [Amen]userhet (TopBib i.281)

TT177 Amenemopet (TopBib i.283)

TT178 Neferronpet (TopBib i.283)

TT179 Nebamun (TopBib i.285)

TT181 Nebamun (TopBib i.286)

TT182 Amenemhet (TopBib i.289)

TT183 Nebsumenu (TopBib i.289)

TT184 Nefermenu (TopBib i.290)

TT189 Nekht-Dhout (TopBib i.295)

TT190 Esbanebded (TopBib i.297)

TT191 Wehebre-Nebpehti (TopBib i.297)

TT192 Kharuef (TopBib i.298)

TT200 Dedi (TopBib i.303)

TT201 Re (TopBib i.304)

TT226 Name lost (TopBib i.327)

TT229 Name lost (TopBib i.328)

TT241 Ahmosi (TopBib i.331)

TT247 Simut (TopBib i.333)

TT248 Dhutmosi (TopBib i.335)

TT251 Amenmosi (TopBib i.336)

TT253 Khnemmosi (TopBib i.337)

TT255 Roy (TopBib i.339)

TT256 Nebenkemet (TopBib i.340)

TT257 Neferhotep (TopBib i.341)

TT258 Menkheper (TopBib i.258)

TT260 User (TopBib i.343)

TT261 Kha'emweset (TopBib i.344)

TT278 Amenemhab (TopBib i.355)

Research material on the pomegranate tree and pomegranate ensign

Research notes on the pomegranate tree and ensign identified by Newberry as the branch of a pomegranate tree.

Includes:
-Copies of Newberry, Percy, 'The Tree of the Herakleopolite Nome', in Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, Volume 50, pp. 78-9 (OEB 146413)
-Tracings and drawings of depictions of the pomegranate tree or <i>ncr</i>-tree
-Tracings of ensigns from Morgan, J. de, 'Recherches sur les Origines de l'Egypte', (1897) (OEB 145679)
-Drawing of a pot with a boat and pomegranate ensign
-Notes on the pomegranate as the gift of Athena

Dynastic History

This group of material relates to dynastic Egypt and in particular Newberry’s research on the Second Intermediate Period including on officials and Kings.

Research material on the ntr pole

Research notes on the cult of the ntr pole [R8] or emblem of divinity and draft and offprint of Newberry, P.E., 'The cult of the [ntr]-pole', in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume 33, (1947) (OEB 230).

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 29.

Predynastic Egypt

This group of material relates to predynastic Egypt and in particular Newberry’s research on nome ensigns and examples of predynastic pottery which feature nome ensigns on the mast heads of boats. It includes several unpublished drafts, plates for publication, photographs, notes, cuttings and tracings.

Research material on the Bull Kingdom

Research material relating to the 6th nome of Lower Egypt, also known as the Bull Kingdom.

Includes:
-Photograph of a graffito of a boat with the bull ensign
-Cuttings of bulls and bull ensign
-Notes on cattle including bulls and cows
-Notes titled 'The King as a Bull in the Archaic Period and later'
-Notes on compound ensigns which include the bull
-Copies from publications of bull ensigns and flint knives
-Notes on the location of the Bull Kingdom

Research material on the harpoon and harpoon ensign

Research material relating to the harpoon and the harpoon ensign representing the 7th and 8th nomes of Lower Egypt. Includes notes on the use of the harpoon for hunting including hunting hippos, lists of occurences of the harpoon ensign on predynastic pottery and compound ensigns which include the harpoon and notes on the harpoon shaft including tracings.

Neith and Athena

Folder titled '[R24+R12] and Minoan-Mycenaean goddess' containing material on Sais, Neith, Athens and Athena.

Includes notes on Neith's connection with Athena and Libya, symbols of Neith, shields including the figure of eight shield and the shield cult, Athena and cultivation of the olive.

Also includes cuttings and tracings of shields and symbols of Neith including plate II from Newberry, P.E., 'To what race did the founders of Sais belong?', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Volume 28, pp.68-75 (1906) (OEB 146410).

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Religion, cults and totemism

Folder titled 'Religion: Introduction' containing notes and drafts on religion, cults and totemism.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Egyptian Belief in a Future Life'
-Notes on cult objects and the geographical distribution of cults, possibly for a lecture
-Notes on totems and totemism
-Draft on totemism (latest publication reference is 1912)
-Notes on 'Totemism and Exogamy' by J.G. Frazer, Volume 1, 1910

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Yahweh

Folder titled 'Yahweh the God of Israel' containing notes, parts of drafts relating to Yahweh, including the Egyptian origin of Yahweh. Also includes extract from The Literary Guide titled 'The Erodus and Modern Criticism', 1 February 1911.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Sais and Neith

Folder titled 'Sais (8)' containing material relating to Sais and the goddess Neith.

Includes:
-Tracing of soldier stringing a bow from scene at Beni Hasan
-Notes on symbols of Neith
-Notes on shields including the figure of eight shield
-Notes on the temple of Neith [TopBib iv.46A]
-List of names compounded with Neith
-Notes on Uzahorent or Uzahor-Resenet, the King's physician and responsible for the King's navy
-Notes relating to Athena
-Copy or reprint of Newberry, P.E., 'Note on the Hieroglyph ', in <i>Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde</i>, Volume 73, (1937) (OEB 146379)
-Notes on bows, crossed bows and the composite bow
-Notes on textiles from Sais
-Tracings of a fragment found by Émile Amelineau at Abydos published in Keimer, L. 'Pendeloques en forme d'insectes faisant partie du colliers Egyptiens', in <i>Annales du Service des antiquités de l'Égypte</i>, Volume XXXI, plate II, (1931) (OEB 142417)

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Royal titulary

Folder titled 'Royal Titulary' containing notes and drafts on royal titulary including the Horus title.

Harris description:
Notes and refs. On royal titles: the title the Smsw-Hr, the Vulture Goddess Nhbyt, the Griffon Vulture, the titles Noty Osiris priesthood. Coronation of Hatshepsut (copy). The Predecessors of Menes. The union of Upper and Lower Egypt, The royal titulary, etc. Notes on thnw and thn.t. (Transfer to G.XIII] Aiguptos - A derivation and some suggestions: a note on the origin of the name Egypt.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 4'.

The god i3ks

Folder titled 'The god i3?s' including notes on i3?s, the scorpion macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1896-1908.E3632), the cuirass or leather garment worn by early kings of Egypt, and leather working. Also includes drafts of a letter to Alan Gardiner, c.1946, and a draft titled 'The shepherd's crook'.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Weapons

Folder titled 'Army: Weapons' containing notes and cuttings relating to weapons used by ancient Egyptians in war.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 3'.

Oils, unguents and vases

Folder titled 'Unguents and vases' containing a notebook and loose notes, cuttings, tracing and drawings relating to unguents and oils.

Notebook titled 'Oils. Unguents Cosmetics' and numbered 1 includes an inside the front cover and contains notes on oils, unguents, and their uses including annointing and use on the body and hair.

Folder includes:
-Offprint of Spiegelberg, Von Wilhelm, 'Die Gruppe [hkr nswt]', in <i>Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde</i>, Volume 34, 1896 (OEB 150751)
-Cutting of photograph of inscription from tomb TT55 Ramosi showing three girls with sistrum and <i>menats</i> before deceased and wife (TopBib i.109(9))
-Notes and draft on alabaster vases
-Draft and notes on the kheker sign and associated title which translates as favourite of the King
-Tracings of variants of the kheker sign
-Notes and draft relating to <i>nwdw</i> seeds and oil
-Draft on cones of fat
-Tracings from Davies, Norman de Garis, <i>The tomb of Rekh-mi-Rē at Thebes : Volume II</i>, 1943 (OEB 137925), showing the use of oil
-Cutting of a photograph of a false door of Nenkheftka (Cairo Museum, CG 1484) (TopBib iii2.581(6))
-Tracings showing examples of cones of fat on the head

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 4'.

The soul

Folder titled 'Souls. Totemism' although 'Totemism' has been crossed out. Includes notes on the soul, the after life, and Thoth. Also includes handwritten draft titled 'The Sacred Ibis'.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Osiris, Dionysus and Isis

Folder titled 'Osiris. Isis' containing notes on Osiris, the Djed pillar, Dionysus and Isis.

Includes:
-Notes and drawings on the Djed pillar
-Notes on the tomb of Osiris and identification of the tree beside it
-Notes on trees including the cedar and cypress
-Notes on places associated with Osiris
-Notes on the false beard
-Notes on Dionysus in envelope numbered 54
-Notes on Isis
-Notes on priesthood and titles of Osiris
-Letter (which appears to have been added to this folder during archival processing) from Augustine Henry, Professor of Forestry, Royal College of Science Dublin, 26 October 1915, relating to the following reference in Frazer, J.G., Adonis, Attis, Osiris: Studies in the History of Oriental Religion, Volume 2, (1914) (OEB 8394):

'In a letter to me (dated 8th December, 1910) my colleague Professor P.E. Newberry tells me that he believes Osiris to have been originally a cedar-tree god imported into Egypt from the Lebanon, and he regards the ded pillar as a lopped cedar-tree. The flail, as a symbol of Osiris, he believes to be the instrument used to collect incense. A similar flail is used by peasants in Crete to extract the ladanum gum from the shrubs. See P. de Tournefort, Relation d'un Voyage du Levant (Amsterdam, 1718), i9, with the plate. For this reference I am indebted to Professor Newberry.'

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 29, NB 1 and NB 38.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Palettes

Folder titled 'Palettes' containing notes and versions of draft on the Libyan or Tehenu Palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14238) including the cities depicted such as 'Owl city'.

Includes notebook containing handwritten draft titled 'The Cairo Schist Palette No 14238' also known as the Tehenu or Libyan Palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14328).

Also includes notes on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14716), the ivory cylinder found at Hieraconpolis with Narmer depicted as a catfish striking his Libyan enemies [Ashmolean Museum, E.3915] and the 'Hunters Palette' (Louvre Museum, E11254 and British Museum, EA 20790).

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 4'.

Bird cults

Folder titled 'Bird Cults' including notes on the pheonix, 'Ba', njw bird, and bennu bird.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

The Sed festival

Folder titled 'Heb-Sed' containing notes, drawings and cuttings relating to the Sed festival and related ceremonies.

Includes:
-Newspaper cutting titled 'Think Heb Sed Feast is King's Remarriage - Professor Newberry Argues That it Coincides With Discarding of Old Wives for New', New York Times, 1923
-Two letters from Battiscombe Gunn relating to the Sed festival, one dated 26 May 1920
-Cutting from publication of an image titled 'The canonisation of Joan of Arc: The Pope leaving the Vatican for St. Peter's in the sedia gestatoria under a baldaquin, with two flabella (ceremonial fans) behind, 29 May 1920
-Notes on records of Sed festivals
-Notes on rules which regulated the right to the throne
-Two notebooks containing notes on the Sed festival, one with the number 4 on the front (notebooks no longer contain many pages)
-Notes and drawings from Naville, E., The Festival-Hall of Osorkon II in the great Temple of Bubastis (1887-1889), (London, 1892) (OEB 146149) referred to by Newberry as 'NFH'
-Notes titled 'The Succession to the Kingdom in Ancient Egypt'
-Text of a lecture on the Sed festival

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Results 121 to 150 of 985