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Percy Edward Newberry Collection Angličtina
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The Middle East

Folder titled 'Syria and Wn [Western] Asia'.

Includes:

-Notes on foreign place names

-Notes on Syria

-Notes on Phoenicia, Retenu, Philistia, Naharin and Arabia

-Notes and draft on Byblos

The olive

Folder titled 'Olive' and numbered 4, containing two handbound notebooks labelled 'Olive Tree' and 'Olive Oil', an unbound notebook titled 'Olive Tree - The Maryut Region', and a mounted photograph of an olive tree with note on the back 'Gethsemane - "Tree of the Agony"'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree' includes:
-Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, 150th Session, 31 December 1937 containing 'On some African species of the genus Olea and the original home of the cultivated Olive-tree' by Prof. Percy E. Newberry, 28 October 1937 (OEB 146386), including handwritten notes in the margins
-Typed draft titled 'The Cultivated Olive-tree'
-Handwritten notes on the olive, names for the olive in different languages including by the berbers
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) of early attestations of tehenu oil or oil from Libya
-Newspaper cutting on the olive in Tunisia
-Typed draft on the thnw tree being the same as the b3k tree

Notes include reference to 'NB [Notebook] 30' and 'envelope Olive Names'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree' includes:
-Notes on variant oil names with bibliographic references
-Typed draft on tehenu oil or oil from Libya
-Typed draft on the thnw tree being the same as the b3k tree
-Typed draft on the b3k tree and its oil
-Draft titled 'Note on M.Loret's identification of the b3k tree with the Moringa'
-Draft on the Moringa tree and its oil
-Draft on the translation of the Moringa tree and seed pod
-Draft on the translation of Nhh, a generic word for denoting oil
-Notes on unguents
-Cuttings of photographs of Menna and his wife being offered a bouquet (TopBib i.137(5)) and Menna and family fishing and fowling (TopBib i.138(12)) from tomb TT69 Menna
-Tracings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184)
-Notes on Shezmu
-Notes,drawings, tracings and a photograph on olive presses

Notes include references to 'NB29' and 'NB38'.

Notebook titled 'Olive Tree - The Maryut Region' includes:
-Draft on Athena and olives
-Typed notes on the olive trees including olive trees in the Mediterranean, species of olive tree, conditions for growing olives, and development of the cultivated olive tree.
-Typed and handwritten versions of a draft titled 'The Maryut Region'
-Typed draft titled 'The Oases of the Libyan Desert'

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

The mandrake

Folder titled 'Mandrake (Scorpion King)' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Mandrake' in which where are notes on a hieroglyphic sign in the shape of a rosette which precedes the royal name on the Scorpion King's Macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1896-1908.E3632) and which Newberry identifies as the mandrake.

Includes:

-Notes on occurences of the hieroglyphic sign

-Tracings of occurences of the hieroglyphic sign including handle of a flint knife (Cairo Museum, CG 14265), an ivory spoon and an Astrabad vessel

-Small and large photograph of a mandrake plant

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Animals - Antelope, Ass, Bovidae, Crocodile, Dog, Elephant

Folder titled 'Antelopes, Ass, Bovidae, Crocodile, Dog, Elephant' containing six handbound notebooks titled with each animal.

Notebook titled 'Antelopes' contains notes, tracings and drawings relating to the Addax, Oryx, and Nome of the Oryx. Also includes photograph of two antelope heads with their lower jaws.

Notebook titled 'Ass' contains notes and a tracing relating to the domesticated and wild ass.

Notebook titled 'Bovidae' contains notes, tracings and cuttings relating to cattle including castration, Mneris, oxen, cow, and words connected with oxen, cows and calves.

Notebook titled 'Crocodile' contains notes relating to crocodiles including names, personal names, the crocodile cult and Sobek.

Notebook titled 'Dog' contains notes relating to dogs including dog breeds and names of breeds, dog burial and mummification, hunting hounds in North Africa and pet names of dogs. Also includes typed draft titled 'Ancient Egyptian breeds of dogs' with figures, lists of references to dogs, tracings and drawings.

Notebook titled 'Elephant' contains notes relating to elephants including taming and hamstringing elephants, their distribution in Africa and Syria, and prehistoric drawings. Also includes two tracings and a drawing.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Animals - Fish, Dolphin, Frog, Scorpion, Goats, Sheep, Giraffe

Folder titled 'Fishes, Dolphin, Goat and Sheep, Giraffe' containing four handbound notebooks titled 'Fishes - Dolphin', 'Frog - Scorpion - Insects', 'Goats and Sheep', and 'Giraffe'.

Notebook titled 'Fishes - Dolphin' contains notes on fish including notes on catfish and fishing. Also includes a draft titled 'The Catfish', tracings and drawings of fish including catfish, cuttings of fish from the Temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahari (TopBib ii2.344-347(10)-(11), organised by plate number taken from Naville, Edouard 1895. The temple of Deir el Bahari, 6 vols. Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund [13]; [14]; [16]; [19]; [27]; 29. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. (OEB 146237) Volume 3, plates 69, 72, 73, and notes on dolphins.

Notebook titled 'Frog - Scorpion - Insects' contains notes on reptiles and insects including frogs and scorpions.

Notebook titled 'Goats and Sheep' contains notes on goat and sheep including on domestication, origin, breeds, distinction between the two, herds, associated cults, Mendes, and Khnum. Also includes tracings, cuttings and drawings of goats and sheep, and a photograph of goats in a tree taken in Morrocco.

Notebook titled 'Giraffe' contains notes and cuttings on giraffes.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Owls

Folder titled 'Owls [and hieroglyphic and hieratic renderings]' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Owls'.

Includes:

Notes on the owl

-Draft titled 'The owl as a hieroglyph' including tracings and drawings

-Tracing of a hoopoe

-Tracings of owls and cartouches wihich include an owl hieroglyph

-Rubbings of the 'Tehenu' or 'Libyan Palette' (Cairo Museum, CG 14238 and JE 27434)

-Card featuring a watercolour of an owl, 1910

-Notes on Buma

-Notes on the owl and Athena

-Draft titled 'The Owl as the bird of Death'

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Nome ensigns

Folder titled 'Drawings Ensigns' containing notes, correspondence, photographs, rubbings, tracings and drawings relating to nome ensigns or standards (also referred to as cult ensigns).

Includes:
-Section of a draft and notes on the pomegranate tree and pomegranate ensign
-Photographs of boats on predynastic pottery and a rock drawing
-Letter from Newberry to Myrtle Broome relating to a seal of King Den in which he is harpooning and wrestling a hippopotamus published in Petrie, F., 'Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties II', Plate VII 5 and 6, (London, 1901) (OEB 147184), with enclosed tracing
-Tracings of boats from predynastic pottery with museum references
-Drawing, cutting and rubbings of a carved slate in the MacGregor collection resembling the 'Dogs Palette' published in Legge, F. 'A New Carved Slate', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, p.87, (1906) (OEB 206093)
-Letter from Carroll R. Young, The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia relating to predynastic pottery that shows boats and standards, including list of relevant items from the Museum and sketch of jar (The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, E1405), 12 July 1944
-Letter from William A. Ritchie, Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, New York, relating to a boat standard on a predynastic pot (Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, E15259) on loan from the University Museum, Philadelphia, with sketches, 18 July 1944
-Letter from John D. Cooney, Brooklyn Museum, New York with two enclosed photographs of predynastic vases featuring boats (Brooklyn Museum, 09.272; 07.144) and catalogue notes (letter refers to three photographs but only two with letter)
-Draft on an ensign on a small pot figured in Morgan, J. de, 'Recherches sur les Origines de l'Egypte', plate ix, no.3, (1896) (OEB 145678) and other similar examples which according to Newberry are inaccurate
-Notes and parts of drafts on the harpoon ensign and harpooners including handwritten draft titled 'The Harpoon Ensigns'
-Notes and part of a draft on variant forms of bows
-Notes on the pomegranate ensign

The back of the folder contains a large number of tracings and drawings of cult ensigns or standards, mostly copied from publications.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Predynastic pots - Cult ensigns'.

Titles and officials

Folder titled 'Titles' containing a paper folder and loose notes which appear to have been taken from several different notenooks. Contains notes on titles, officials and other positions of authority, and royal administration.

Envelope includes:
-Letter from Erik Iversen, 27 August 1947, to Newberry on the article: Dittmann, K.H., 'Zum Titel [Aa27 M3 Aa1 X1]', in <i>Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde</i>, 77, (1942) (OEB 138256), with draft responses and notes from Newberry
-Copy of inscription from door jamb from the tomb of Hetep-herenptah, 5 February 1928 (Cairo Museum, JE 15048)

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Titles'.

Bees and bee-keeping

Folder titled 'Bees' containing notes, drafts, correspondence, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to bees, bee-keeping and honey in ancient Egypt, including draft titled 'Bee-Keeping in Ancient Egypt' (written later than 1934 based on references).

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 1'.

Games

Folder titled 'Games' although this has been crossed out. Contains notes, drafts, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to games played in ancient Egypt and the boards used.

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 38.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 1'.

Egyptian art

Folder titled 'Art. Painting Sculpture ' containing draft and notes on Egyptian art including tomb paintings and sculpture.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 2'.

Painting of a chalice

Small painting of a chalice of Tuthmosis III published in Newberry, Percy E., 'A Glass Chalice of Tuthmosis III' in The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul., 1920), pp. 155-160 (OEB 146363).

The sistrum

Folder titled 'Sistra' containing notes, correspondence, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to the sistrum.

Includes:
-Copy of inscriptions on block statue of Espekashuti (Cairo Museum, CG 42232) found in the Karnak Cachette (TopBib ii.149)
-Letter from Ernest Thomas, Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, relating to the interpretation of a monogram in Beni Hasan III, 5 April 1932
-Extract from a letter from Major MacPherson, Cairo, to E. E. Evans-Pritchard relating to the sistrum, 26 November 1935
-Letter to Charles Seligman relating to the sistrum with tracing, 22 September 1934
-Response from Charles Seligman to the letter above relating to the sistrum, 25th September 1934

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 3'.

Weapons

Folder titled 'Army: Weapons' containing notes and cuttings relating to weapons used by ancient Egyptians in war.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 3'.

Oils, unguents and vases

Folder titled 'Unguents and vases' containing a notebook and loose notes, cuttings, tracing and drawings relating to unguents and oils.

Notebook titled 'Oils. Unguents Cosmetics' and numbered 1 includes an inside the front cover and contains notes on oils, unguents, and their uses including annointing and use on the body and hair.

Folder includes:
-Offprint of Spiegelberg, Von Wilhelm, 'Die Gruppe [hkr nswt]', in <i>Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde</i>, Volume 34, 1896 (OEB 150751)
-Cutting of photograph of inscription from tomb TT55 Ramosi showing three girls with sistrum and <i>menats</i> before deceased and wife (TopBib i.109(9))
-Notes and draft on alabaster vases
-Draft and notes on the kheker sign and associated title which translates as favourite of the King
-Tracings of variants of the kheker sign
-Notes and draft relating to <i>nwdw</i> seeds and oil
-Draft on cones of fat
-Tracings from Davies, Norman de Garis, <i>The tomb of Rekh-mi-Rē at Thebes : Volume II</i>, 1943 (OEB 137925), showing the use of oil
-Cutting of a photograph of a false door of Nenkheftka (Cairo Museum, CG 1484) (TopBib iii2.581(6))
-Tracings showing examples of cones of fat on the head

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 4'.

The soul

Folder titled 'Souls. Totemism' although 'Totemism' has been crossed out. Includes notes on the soul, the after life, and Thoth. Also includes handwritten draft titled 'The Sacred Ibis'.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Osiris, Dionysus and Isis

Folder titled 'Osiris. Isis' containing notes on Osiris, the Djed pillar, Dionysus and Isis.

Includes:
-Notes and drawings on the Djed pillar
-Notes on the tomb of Osiris and identification of the tree beside it
-Notes on trees including the cedar and cypress
-Notes on places associated with Osiris
-Notes on the false beard
-Notes on Dionysus in envelope numbered 54
-Notes on Isis
-Notes on priesthood and titles of Osiris
-Letter (which appears to have been added to this folder during archival processing) from Augustine Henry, Professor of Forestry, Royal College of Science Dublin, 26 October 1915, relating to the following reference in Frazer, J.G., Adonis, Attis, Osiris: Studies in the History of Oriental Religion, Volume 2, (1914) (OEB 8394):

'In a letter to me (dated 8th December, 1910) my colleague Professor P.E. Newberry tells me that he believes Osiris to have been originally a cedar-tree god imported into Egypt from the Lebanon, and he regards the ded pillar as a lopped cedar-tree. The flail, as a symbol of Osiris, he believes to be the instrument used to collect incense. A similar flail is used by peasants in Crete to extract the ladanum gum from the shrubs. See P. de Tournefort, Relation d'un Voyage du Levant (Amsterdam, 1718), i9, with the plate. For this reference I am indebted to Professor Newberry.'

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 29, NB 1 and NB 38.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 1'.

Religion, cults and totemism

Folder titled 'Religion: Introduction' containing notes and drafts on religion, cults and totemism.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Egyptian Belief in a Future Life'
-Notes on cult objects and the geographical distribution of cults, possibly for a lecture
-Notes on totems and totemism
-Draft on totemism (latest publication reference is 1912)
-Notes on 'Totemism and Exogamy' by J.G. Frazer, Volume 1, 1910

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Research material relating to Andjety and Bat/Hathor

Research material relating to Andjety, Bat/Hathor and the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt, including material relating to a hypothesis by Newberry that the symbol of Hathor is a cow's uterus, and that the symbol of Andjety is a goat's uterus.

Includes:
-Photograph of statue of nome triad: King, Hathor Mistress of the Sycamore and bat-fetish nome goddess (Cairo Museum, JE 46499) (TopBib iii.28)
-Photographs of a predynastic pot featuring dancing figures with headresses bearing the 'cow horn' symbol (British Museum, EA 35502)
-Drawings and tracings of a cow's uterus
-Rubbing, drawing and tracing of the 'Gerzeh palette' featuring Bat symbol (Cairo Museum, CG 34173)
-Drawings showing the head dress of Andjety and the similarity to the shape of a female goats uterus
-Drawings of symbols of Bat and the similarity to the shape of a cow's uterus
-Letter from L. Pugh, Department of Agriculture, relating to the reproductive organs of a goat, 5 Aug 1921
-Notes relating to the symbol representing the bicornate uterus of animals [F45]
-Notes relating to the sistrum
-Draft, notes and draft correspondence on the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt
-Notes on identification of symbol believed by Victor Loret to be the standard of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt and the symbol of Hathor
-Notes on the standard or ensign as it appears on predynastic pottery
-Notes on shepherds
-Notes on the girdle tie and Tjet amulet also known as the Isis knot
-Notes on 'split totems' or the worship of parts of animals
-Cutting of Griffith, F., 'Notes on Mythology: Eileithyia in Egypt. The God of Busiris. Hermes Trismegistus', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, (1899) (OEB 140774)
-Notes on Astarte

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 35, NB 38, and NB 41.

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings, mainly 13th Dynasty but also references to the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

Includes:
-Material relating to the Turin King List (also known as the Turin Royal Canon) including copied sections and groupings of Kings by Newberry
-Letter from Alan Gardiner relating to fragments 76 and 78 of the Turin King List, 9 May 1928
-Notes on Khutawyre Wegaf including draft letter to William Edgerton on Georges émile Jules Daressy's readings of the Cairo Demotic Papyrus (Cairo Museum, CG 31169)
-Notes on Sekhemkare Amenemhat Sonbef
-Notes on Sekhemrekhutawy Pantjeny (including rubbing of cartouches from stela of Prince Djehuti-aa (British Museum, 630) (TopBib v.45)
-Notes on Lufni
-Notes on the Sobekhotep Kings
-Rubbings of prenonem of Sedjefakare Kay Amenemhat VII from stand for sacred bowl (Cairo Museum, JE 51900) (TopBib v.145)
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep and two letters from E. Lowry Whyte, 10-17 August 1902, and enclosed tracing of cartouche of Amenemhat Sobekhotep from limestone fragment at Sothebys
-Envelope with reference PEN/G.X/E.C containing rubbings, tracings, drawings, and draft relating to Khendjer, and draft letter to Jaroslav Cerný
-Notes on Sobekhotep III and letter from Rosalind Louisa Beaufort Moss, Griffith Institute relating to stela of Sobekhotep III (TopBib vii.277), 13 April 1949
-Envelope sent from James Breasted to Newberry and labelled by Newberry 'Hyksos' containing notes by Breasted on 'On the Hyksos Question' by William Spiegelberg (OEB 150922) and 'New Material for the History of the Hyksos' by William M. Müller (OEB 145820). Also includes draft titled 'The Second Intermediate Period'.

Research notes on viziers

Envelope containing notes on viziers including on the title vizier, lists of viziers, officials of the vizier, the ceremony to install a vizier, and the history of the position.

Also includes cutting of Spiegelberg, W., 'The Viziers of the New Empire', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol. XV. 23rd Session, pp.522-526, (1893) (OEB 150895).

Research material on the Royal Annals of Egypt

Rubbings, tracings, drawings, cuttings of the Palermo Stone (1028, Palermo Museo archeologico), Cairo fragments (Cairo Museum, JE 44859; JE 39735; JE 39734; JE 44860), London fragment (Petrie Museum, UC 15508), and notes.

Also includes diagrams reconstructing the Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, and showing suggested positions of surviving fragments.

Research material on Theban private tombs

Folder of loose notes on Theban private tombs. Notes have been organised by Diana Magee according to tomb number. The folder has been re-used and there is a list inside the front cover which does not relate to the contents.

Includes:
-Notes on tomb TT131 User (TopBib i.245) including description, sketch of exterior, and copy of text
-Copies of inscriptions and sketches of objects from tomb TT86 Menkheperra'sonb (TopBib i.175)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT71 Senenmut (listed by Newberry as 110) (TopBib i.139)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT64 Hekerneheh (TopBib i.128)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT81 Ineni (TopBib i.159)
-Notes on tomb TT40 Amenhotep called Huy (TopBib i.75) including diary notes 16 and 21 November 1900 on work and finds, drawings of stone jamb and stela of Mermes, (items originally from tomb TT383 Merymosi, TopBib i.436), and funeral cone, sketch plan of the tomb and copy of text
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT83 Amethu (TopBib i.167)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT82 Amenemhet (TopBib i.163)
-Notes on tomb TT100 Rekhmire (TopBib i.206), including cuttings from Newberry, P.E., The life of Rekhmara, vezîr of Upper Egypt under Thothmes III and Amenhetep II (circa B.C. 1471-1448), (Westminster, 1900) (OEB 146373) with annotations, tracing, cuttings from Virey, P., Le tombeau de Rekhmara, Préfet de Thébes sous la XVIIIe Dynastie, (Paris, 1889) (OEB 151820)
-Notes and copy of text from tomb TT85 Amenemhab (TopBib i.170), and cutting titled 'The Biographical Inscription'
-Copy of text from tomb TT353 Senenmut (TopBib i.417)
-Notes on tomb TT99 Senufer (TopBib i.204)
-Copy of names and titles from tomb TT59 Ken (TopBib i.120)
-Copy of text from tomb TT66 Hepu (TopBib i.132)
-Copy of text from tomb TT39 Puimre (TopBib i.71)
-Copy of text from tomb TT263 Piay (TopBib i.344)
-Copy of text from tomb TT78 Haremhab (TopBib i.152)

Copies of Theban graffiti

Envelope labelled 'Graffiti : Thebes 1912' and numbered A.15.

Contains copies of graffiti including from the chamber above Deir el-Bahari. Includes reference to NB [Notebook] 5 and numbered notes by Howard Carter e.g. Carter 47.23.

Research material on tombs in Asyut

Research material on tombs in Asyut, identified during previous archival processing as being for a publication on Assiut [Asyut], and corrections to Griffith, F., The inscriptions of Siut and Dêr Rîfeh, (1889) (OEB 140749).

The original folder has been re-used and the title 'Flora - General (1)' crossed out. The folder includes a list of material relating to the original contents on flora.

Contains notes on tombs in Asyut including descriptions of tomb decoration with sketches, sketch plans of tombs including measurements with position of objects and paintings, copy of inscriptions, translations of inscriptions, and family trees.

Also includes copy of inscriptions from an 11th Dynasty tomb at Asyut (TopBib iv.265A), see Magee, Diana. 1988. Asyût to the end of the Middle Kingdom : a historical and cultural study. Thesis (D.Phil.), volume 2 page 34, University of Oxford. Faculty of Oriental Studies, and corrections to Griffith, F., The inscriptions of Siut and Dêr Rîfeh, (1889) (OEB 140749), including cuttings of lines from plate 9 and 10.

Photographs from the tomb of Pedusiri and the tomb of Djehutihotep, Deir el-Bersha

Includes:

-Photograph labelled on the reverse 'Enlargement of a photograph by Major Brown, Inspector General of Irrigation, Upper Egypt. Inscription relating to the Colossal Statue at El Bersheh.' (TopBib iv.180(14-15))

-Two photographs of the exterior of the tomb of Pedusiri (TopBib iv.169).

The photographs have been identified during previous archival processing with Topographical Bibliography references written on the back.

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