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Percy Edward Newberry Collection
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Notebook on topics including objects, flora, fauna, products, places and gods

Notebook labelled by John Harris 'Miscellaneous Notes' with an index at the front containing notes on objects, flora, fauna, products, places and gods. It includes examples of attestations of words, variant writings, expressions or other terms formed by or including them, and some ancient Egyptian texts/hymns in translation.

Includes handwritten notes on:

  • objects (censers, bird traps, djed pillar, netjer pole, furniture, mirrors, sandals, tjet knot, chariots, flail and crock)

  • flora (plants, trees including conifers, cedar, cypress , woods including ebony, grain and wheat)

  • fauna (dogs, camels, giraffes, deer, oryx and a fauna bibliography)

  • products (natron, incense, myrrh, methods of tapping resin)

  • places (Lebanon, Byblos, “the land of the god”, Zahi, Retjenu, Phoenicia, place names in Syria)

  • gods (Osiris, Atum-Kheprer [also referred to as Atum-Kheper or Atum-Kepri], Iah, Adonis and Attis, Neferhetep, hieroglyph for God [R8] and variants)

Also includes notes on funerary offerings, the word sedj in seals, circumcision and the ritual of embalming.

Pages 3-4, 48-49, 51-59, 61-69 and 72-75 have been cut out. According to the index at the front of the notebook these pages include notes on:
-trees and wood (merw-wood, wan-wood, Peqer tree)
-animals (pig, cat, rat, mouse, lion, fox, wolf, jackal, ass, porcupine, jerboa, hippopotamus, elephant, hyena, monkey, baboon, bat, hedeghog, bear, ichneum, leopard, hare, addax, kudu, goat, ibex, dorcas gazelle)

Dates: There are references to publications up to 1925. Notes appear to have been added at different times.

Articles and obituaries

Folder containing photocopies of the following articles and obituaries:
-'Percy Newberry (1869-1949)', in Garden History, 5(1): 45 (1977)
-'Newberry, Percy Edward (1869-1949)', Dictionary of National Biography 1941-1950, (Oxford, 1959)
-'Newberry, Percy Edward', Who Was Who 1941-1950, (1981)
-Newberry, Percy, 'Gardening 6000 Years Ago' in The Gardeners' Chronicle, no.678, 23 December 1899
-'Excavations at Thebes' read by J.E. Newberry, in The Builder, 5 November 1898
-Newberry, Percy, 'Obituary Notices - Mr. Howard Carter', in Nature, 25 March 1939
-Newberry, Percy, 'Obituary Notices - Sir Robert Mond F.R.S.', in Nature, 12 November 1938

Group photographs with Egyptologists

Folder containing 3 black and white group photographs which include Percy Newberry and all appear to have been taken in Egypt.

Photographs include the following information:
-Note on the back suggests it was taken in the 1920s and names Abu Bakr, Hermann Grapow, Percy Newberry, Georg Steindorff, Hermann Junker and Selim Hassan.
-Back of the photograph is date stamped 17 January 1930 and a note reads 'A Benni Hassane' [at Beni Hasan].
-Note on the back of the photograph suggests that it is a photograph taken at Cairo University in the 1920s, and lists the people seated left to right as: 1. [?], 2. [?], 3. Selim Hassan 4. Newberry 5. [?] 6. Junker 7. Vikentiev 8. Henri? Frankfort 9. [?] and in the front row 1. Baudouin? Van de Walle, 2. [?], 3. [?].

Group photograph with Egyptologists 03

Note on the back of the photograph suggests that it is a photograph taken at Cairo University in the 1920s, and lists the people seated left to right as: 1. [?], 2. [?], 3. Selim Hassan 4. Newberry 5. [?] 6. Junker 7. Vikentiev 8. Henri? Frankfort 9. [?] and in the front row 1. Baudouin? Van de Walle, 2. [?], 3. [?].

Biographical Material

This series includes material created by Newberry as well as material on Newberry created by others. It includes newspaper cuttings, letter lists, diary notes, photographs, as well as material relating to Newberry's genealogical research.

This series also includes Newberry's excavation diary during his work for Lord Northampton from 1898 to 1899.

Research Material

Along with the subject files and notebooks is a large body of research material that does not have any apparent order. It includes several draft manuscripts, card indexes, research notes, tracings, drawings, and photographs. Topics include predynastic Egypt, Egyptian antiquities including scarabs and seals, ancient Egyptian religion as well as relating to research on sites in Egypt including copies of inscriptions, plans and drawings.

In a letter on the transfer of the Newberry collection to the Griffith Institute Archive in 1951 Dr I. E. S. Edwards (Keeper of Egyptian Antiquities at the British Museum) lists: Tracings of tomb inscriptions and decorations (packed in brown trunk); A group of texts and other material dealing with the Second Intermediate Period; and a large collection of "scholar's notes" on various subjects for the most part classified but in some cases merely labelled "Miscellaneous notes". It is this material which now constitutes this series. This material was arranged during previous archival processing according to subject and evidence of this work is still visible by the grouping and labelling of material.

It has been difficult to determine the date of much of this research material. Where a date range is provided it is often based on publications referenced by Newberry in his notes.

Research Notebooks

Percy Newberry's series of notebooks includes notebooks on single subjects, indexed notebooks on a range of subjects and research journals. Many of the notebooks have been numbered (in the form NB followed by a number) by Newberry and are referenced elsewhere in his research notes. As such it appears that these notebooks were used as reference books by Newberry, and they often include lists of bibliographic references for a subject.

Unfortunately it is evident that this series of notebooks is not complete and there are numbered notebooks referred to in Newberry's research material that do not appear to be in the collection.

Correspondence

Newberry's correspondence was sorted and listed after his death by Warren Dawson and donated along with the rest of his material to the Griffith Institute Archive in 1950. The correspondence was arranged alphabetically by surname, with the exception of Arabic names which were arranged by first name. In the new numbering system these Arabic names have also been arranged by surname. A few letters have also been added to this series which were previously among the research material.

Dawson's reference codes have been included as alternative identifiers and his catalogue of correspondence has been included as the first item in this series.

Towards the end of his life Newberry began to organise his papers including listing and numbering some of his correspondence. These numbers have been included in the description of items. The letter lists are in items NEWB1/03 and NEWB1/04.

Subject Files

In a letter relating to the accession of Newberry's collection to the Griffith Institute Archive in 1951 Dr I. E. S. Edwards (Keeper of Egyptian Antiquities at the British Museum) lists 'Files containing notes on individual subjects (mainly in filing cabinets)'. This series is made up of files which are all consistent in appearance and contain notes on individual subjects. Each file tab is labelled with a subject heading and contains research notes. Some of the files contain research that has evidently been done at different times but subsequently gathered together. For example files contain pages cut from notebooks.

Some organisation of this material was done during previous archival processing. Unfortunately it is not possible to know whether the contents of the files are as they were when received or whether related material has been added to these files from elsewhere in the collection.

There is evidence in Newberry's correspondence that in the period after the Second World War to the end of his life in 1948 Newberry was organising his research material in preparation for a general publication on ancient Egyptian history and archaeology. It is possible these files were created by Newberry in preparation for this publication and as such form a distinct series within the collection.

Painting of a chalice

Small painting of a chalice of Tuthmosis III published in Newberry, Percy E., 'A Glass Chalice of Tuthmosis III' in The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul., 1920), pp. 155-160 (OEB 146363).

Inscriptions

Folder titled 'XII-XVIII - Illustrations' including tracings, rubbings and cuttings of inscriptions which are possibly in preparation for plates. These have been identified during previous archival processing with Topographical Bibliography references.

Includes copy of inscriptions from stelae and other objects from the Cairo Museum, Fitzwilliam Museum, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Leyden Museum, Liverpool Museum, British Museum, Marseille Museum, Louvre, Turin Museum, Vienna Museum and Amherst Collection.

Also includes:
-Copy of inscriptions and notes from lintel and jambs in tomb of Rensonb, El Kab (TopBib v.184)
-Copy of inscriptions from tomb of Sebeknekht, El Kab (TopBib v.184-5)
-Copy of inscription from Stela of Rehuankh, temple Sebkhotep IV, formerly in the Anastasi collection (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 7311) (TopBib v.97A)
-Copy of inscription on a lintel from Abydos (Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels, E.5265)
-Copy of inscriptions from Peet, T., Naville, E. Cemeteries of Abydos, Volumes I-III, 1909-1913 (OEB 146102)
-Rubbing and tracing from a statue of the Vizier Iymeru-neferkarec (Cairo Museum, CG 42034) (TopBib ii.143)
-Rubbing and tracing from stela of Amenysonb (Louvre, C.11) (TopBib v.46)

Research material on King lists

Research material relating to King lists and the chronology of the Kings of ancient Egypt.

Includes:
-Notes on the Turin King List including tracing and copy
-Notes on Manetho
-Notes on the Karnak King list (Louvre Museum, E 13481)
-Notes on the Saqqara King list including photograph (Cairo Museum, CG 34516) (TopBib iii.666)
-Notes on the Abydos King lists from tomb of Ramesses II (British Museum, EA 117) and Temple of Seti I
-Notes on the Marseille stela (Marseille Museum, Inventory Number 204) (TopBib i.743)
-Copy of cartouches from burial chamber TT10 Penbuy (TopBib i.21(6))

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings

Research material on Second Intermediate Period Kings, mainly 13th Dynasty but also references to the 12th and 18th Dynasties.

Includes:
-Material relating to the Turin King List (also known as the Turin Royal Canon) including copied sections and groupings of Kings by Newberry
-Letter from Alan Gardiner relating to fragments 76 and 78 of the Turin King List, 9 May 1928
-Notes on Khutawyre Wegaf including draft letter to William Edgerton on Georges émile Jules Daressy's readings of the Cairo Demotic Papyrus (Cairo Museum, CG 31169)
-Notes on Sekhemkare Amenemhat Sonbef
-Notes on Sekhemrekhutawy Pantjeny (including rubbing of cartouches from stela of Prince Djehuti-aa (British Museum, 630) (TopBib v.45)
-Notes on Lufni
-Notes on the Sobekhotep Kings
-Rubbings of prenonem of Sedjefakare Kay Amenemhat VII from stand for sacred bowl (Cairo Museum, JE 51900) (TopBib v.145)
-Notes on Amenemhat Sobekhotep and two letters from E. Lowry Whyte, 10-17 August 1902, and enclosed tracing of cartouche of Amenemhat Sobekhotep from limestone fragment at Sothebys
-Envelope with reference PEN/G.X/E.C containing rubbings, tracings, drawings, and draft relating to Khendjer, and draft letter to Jaroslav Cerný
-Notes on Sobekhotep III and letter from Rosalind Louisa Beaufort Moss, Griffith Institute relating to stela of Sobekhotep III (TopBib vii.277), 13 April 1949
-Envelope sent from James Breasted to Newberry and labelled by Newberry 'Hyksos' containing notes by Breasted on 'On the Hyksos Question' by William Spiegelberg (OEB 150922) and 'New Material for the History of the Hyksos' by William M. Müller (OEB 145820). Also includes draft titled 'The Second Intermediate Period'.

Research material relating to the Scorpion and Narmer maceheads

Research material relating to the Scorpion macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1896.1908.E.3632) (TopBib v.194) and the Narmer macehead (Ashmolean Museum, AN1890.1908.E.3631).

Includes:
-Cuttings, tracings, drawings and photograph of the Narmer macehead
-Notes on the scorpion, the scorpion king and the scorpion macehead
-Rubbings, tracings and cuttings of the scorpion macehead
-Photographs of the scorpion macehead
-Correspondence between Iowerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, Ashmolean Museum and Miss Sewell, Griffith Institute, on Myrtle Broome's drawing of the Hierakonpolis macehead made for a lecture by Newberry c.1948, 9-11 December 1958

Also includes photograph of a scene showing Ptolemy IV hacking the ground from the Temple of Horus, Edfu (TopBib vi.137(117-118)).

Research material on nomes and standards

Research material on nomes and ensigns or standards. Folder contains a range of loose notes not specific to a particular nome or standard. The notes include a number of references to Newberry's other notebooks.

Includes:
-Notes relating to the geographical distribution of nomes
-Sketch maps of nomes
-Table of nome ensigns and variations in the predynastic period, protodynastic period and Old Kingdom
-Cutting of an image of statue of a Nome triad: King, Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore and Jackal-nome goddess (Cairo Museum, JE 40679) from the pyramid complex of Menkaurec (TopBib iii.28)
-Notes on Anubis
-Notes on flint knives
-Notes on governors of nomes
-Notes on guinea fowl including sketch of predynastic pot and a guinea fowl
-Notes on Poseidon
-Cutting of golden emblem of Anubis

Also includes a collection of photographs of predynastic pots featuring standards on the mast heads of boats.

Research material relating to the sand dune symbol

Research material relating to the sand dune symbol [N25].

Includes:
-Photograph of a pot from the MacGregor collection featuring a boat with the symbol for sand dunes on the mast head [N25]
-Notes, drafts, cuttings and tracings on the sand dune symbol [N25], occurences of the symbol on predynastic pots, the bull kingdom or 6th nome of Lower Egypt and the God Ha
-Notes on the geographic distribution of the sand dune cult

Research material relating to Neith

Notes and parts of drafts relating to Neith. Includes notes on the figure of eight shield with crossed arrows, single and compound ensigns featuring bows and crossed arrows, the Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow, and different forms of bow and arrows.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow'
-Tracings of stone bead seals
-Notes on the form of bows and depictions of bow like objects
-Part of draft and notes on Neith and the bow of Neith
-Notes on Athena
-Notes relating to Libya
-Reprint of Hogarth, D.G. 'The Zakro Sealings', in Journal of Hellenic Studies, Volume XXII, (1902)

Notes also include reference to 'NB [Notebook] Sais and Folder'.

Research material relating to symbols of Neith

Research notes, tracings and drawings relating to symbols of Neith including bows, shields, crossed arrows, as well as boats with these symbols on their mast head.

Also includes:
-Photograph of a predynastic pot in the British Museum featuring crossed arrows on the mast head
-Beginnings of a draft titled 'The Ensigns of Neith. (1) The Crossed Arrows'
-Plates prepared for article (not published)

Research material relating to Andjety and Bat/Hathor

Research material relating to Andjety, Bat/Hathor and the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt, including material relating to a hypothesis by Newberry that the symbol of Hathor is a cow's uterus, and that the symbol of Andjety is a goat's uterus.

Includes:
-Photograph of statue of nome triad: King, Hathor Mistress of the Sycamore and bat-fetish nome goddess (Cairo Museum, JE 46499) (TopBib iii.28)
-Photographs of a predynastic pot featuring dancing figures with headresses bearing the 'cow horn' symbol (British Museum, EA 35502)
-Drawings and tracings of a cow's uterus
-Rubbing, drawing and tracing of the 'Gerzeh palette' featuring Bat symbol (Cairo Museum, CG 34173)
-Drawings showing the head dress of Andjety and the similarity to the shape of a female goats uterus
-Drawings of symbols of Bat and the similarity to the shape of a cow's uterus
-Letter from L. Pugh, Department of Agriculture, relating to the reproductive organs of a goat, 5 Aug 1921
-Notes relating to the symbol representing the bicornate uterus of animals [F45]
-Notes relating to the sistrum
-Draft, notes and draft correspondence on the symbol of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt
-Notes on identification of symbol believed by Victor Loret to be the standard of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt and the symbol of Hathor
-Notes on the standard or ensign as it appears on predynastic pottery
-Notes on shepherds
-Notes on the girdle tie and Tjet amulet also known as the Isis knot
-Notes on 'split totems' or the worship of parts of animals
-Cutting of Griffith, F., 'Notes on Mythology: Eileithyia in Egypt. The God of Busiris. Hermes Trismegistus', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, (1899) (OEB 140774)
-Notes on Astarte

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 35, NB 38, and NB 41.

Research material relating to throw sticks and boomerangs

Research notes, tracings and drawings relating to throw sticks and boomerangs, and the associated ensigns and cults. Includes tracings of a boomerang on the mast head of a boat.

Includes:
-Draft titled The Cult of the Boomerang
-Notes relating to occurrences of the boomerang and throw stick ensigns on Predynastic pottery
-Cutting of Eggers, H., 'A Study of the Boomerang', in Proceedings of United States National Museum, (1888), pp.363-367
-Photographs of throw sticks including man holding two throw sticks

Drafts on the predynastic period, nomes, ensigns and emblems

Drafts relating to the predynastic period, nomes, ensigns and emblems.

Includes:
-Two versions of a contents page for a publication to be titled ‘The Cults of Predynastic Egypt’, one of which includes the sub-heading ‘A study of the Cults of Predyn[astic] Eg[ypt] As shown in the Decorated Pots of the Second Civil[isation] of Predyn[astic] Eg[ypt] fully illustrated by slides of the ensigns fig[ured] at the mast heads of boats of the period the Scorpion King s Macehead and on Slate Palettes and maps to show their foreign distribution’.
-Several versions of drafts relating to Dr Elise Baumgartel's disagreement with Newberry’s identification of the harpoon ensign in Baumgartel, Elise J. 1947. The cultures of prehistoric Egypt. Oxford: Griffith Institute; Oxford University Press (OEB 18)
-Two handwritten drafts titled ‘The Harpoon Ensigns’ as well as tracings and draft plates
-Draft relating to Scharff, 'Some Prehistoric Vases in the British Museum', in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology XIV (1928) (OEB 14965)
-Handwritten draft on boats in predynastic Egypt including a table showing occurences of nome ensigns or standards. Also includes reference to a rock drawing of a sailing vessel, published in Winkler, H. A., Rock-Drawings of Southern Upper Egypt, Volume 1, plate viii., 1939 (OEB 152765).
-Draft titled 'Cult-signs of the Predynastic Period' with details of occurrences of the signs, also includes traced map showing distribution of predynastic cults, tracings of Andjety and notes on his link to the goat, and notes on the pomegranate tree
-Draft on an ensign on a small pot figured in Morgan, J. de 1896. Recherches sur les origins de l'Égypte: l'âge de la pierre et les métaux, plate ix, no.3. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145678) and other similar examples which according to Newberry are inaccurate
-Cutting of abstract of Newberry, P.E., 'Remarks on some early Egyptian cults', in Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions, (Oxford, 1908) (OEB 146392)
-Draft titled 'Ensigns figured on pots of the Second Civilisation of the Predynastic Period' with notes
-Drafts relating to the geographical distribution of cults
-Sections of drafts relating to the Tehenu or Libyan Palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14328)
-Revised draft of 'The Petty-Kingdom of the Harpoon and Egypt's earliest Mediterranean Port', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume I, pp.17-22 (1908) (OEB 146389)
-Draft plates for Newberry, P.E., 'The Egyptian Cult-object [R22] and the Thunderbolt', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume 3, pp.50-2 (1910) (OEB 146356)

Album of newspaper cuttings

Album of newspaper cuttings relating to the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, excavation of the tomb and finds. The album includes a partial index. Roughly half of the album has been filled.

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