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Percy Edward Newberry Collection
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Cylinder seal impressions

Notebook housed in an envelope containing cuttings and drawings of cylinder seals and impressions from Abydos, including the tombs of Khasekhemwy and Neterkhet (also known as Djoser). Pages of the notebook have been numbered by Peter Kaplony on 26th November 1959. Notebook also includes loose pages of draft plates for Newberry, P.E., 'Impressions of seals from Abydos', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume 2, p.130 with plates xxii-xxv (1909) (OEB 146367).

This notebook was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Scarabs and Cylinders'.

Neithhotep and tomb

Folder titled 'Nîthotēp Naqada Tomb' containing notes and research material relating to Neithhotep and the identification of the Naqada tomb (TopBib v.118).

Includes:
-Typed and handwritten notes on Queen Hetep (Neith-Hetep) and her tomb at Naqada
-Notes on objects inscribed with name of Queen Neithhotep
-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. <i>The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties</i>. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) including Plate II and Plate VA
-Copies of ivory labels found in the tomb of Neithhotep (Cairo Museum, CG 14102, CG 14103, CG 14106, CG 14104) from Morgan, J. de 1897. <i>Recherches sur les origines de l'Égypte: ethnographie préhistorique et tombeau royal de Négadah</i>. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145679)
-Notes on the correct reading of the name of Neithhotep
-List of the contents of Chamber B
-Notes on seals found in the tomb of Neithhotep
-Notes and cuttings of a plan and section of tomb of Merneith (TopBib v.82)
-Typed notes on Libyan Amazons
-Notes and sketches of ivory tablet of Aha from the tomb at Naqada (Cairo Museum, CG 14142) (TopBib v.118)

Dynasty I and Kings 1-4 (Narmer/Menes, Hor-Aha, Djer and Djet)

Folder titled 'History Dynasty I Kings 1-4' containing 6 paper folders labelled by Newberry and two envelopes.

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Lists' includes:

-Notes, rubbings and drawings on the Palermo Stone

-Notes on King lists for the 1st Dynasty

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Narmer Menes - 1' includes:

-Notes on Narmer, Menes, Aha and monuments bearing the name of Narmer, including draft notes for Alan Gardiner

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Aha - 2' includes:

-Two letters from Walter Emery to Newberry on 'The Son of Isis' and Hor-Aha seal, August 1938 (there are replies to this correspondence in Envelope 2, NEWB075).

-Tracings and cuttings from Emery, Walter B. 1939. ?or-A?a. Excavations at Saqqara (1937-1938). Cairo: Government Press (OEB 138960), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, F. et al, 'Abydos II', (1903) (OEB 146956)

-Notes, tracings, drawings and cuttings relating to Aha

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zer Ta - 3' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zer [also referred to as Djer]

-Cutting of Newberry, Percy, 'Egyptian Historical Notes II: 6. The Stela of King Zer', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology Volume 36 (OEB 187736)

-Cuttings from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1900. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184).

Folder titled 'Dyn 1 Zet - 4' includes:

-Notes, tracings, cuttings and drawings relating to Zet and the Tomb of Zet [also known as Djet]

-Notes on seals of the reign of King Zet

Folder titled 'Emery Hor aha' includes:

-Notes, tracings, and cuttings including from Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 1. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184), Petrie, W. M. Flinders. 1901. The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties. Part 2. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 147184) and Petrie, W. M. Flinders, et al. 1902-1904. Abydos, 3 vols. London: Egypt Exploration Fund (OEB 146956).

The two envelopes include:

-Tracings and drawings of seal impressions from The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore

-Notes on labels including ivory and wooden labels of the 1st Dynasty, labels used for oils and unguents, and labels for necklaces and strings of beads

Deforestation, dessication and climate changes in Egypt

Folder titled 'Deforestation : Dessication' containing research notes on deforestation, dessication and climate changes in Egypt.

Includes

-Notes on the Libyan Desert or Sahara including on deforestation

-Notes in preparation for a lecture titled 'Taming the land and interpretation of nature'

-Notes on articles by Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker

-Notes on deforestation

-Notes on the former fertility of Egypt

-Newspaper cutting on soil erosion in Africa by Elspeth Huxley from The Times, 10 June 1937

-Notes on the geology of Egypt

-Typed lecture notes on deforestation, flora and fauna in Egypt

-Notes on dessication or drying up of lakes and rivers

-Typed draft titled 'Deforestation of Mediterrannean Lands'

-Notes on deserts

Nomes

Folder titled 'Egypt. Nomes. Lower Egypt' containing notes on places and nomes in Egypt.

Includes:
-Notes on the Nile and bibliographic references to the Nile
-Envelope containing notes on Ta-Seti and Aswan including tracing and drawing of a fragment of a stela depicting Khasekhem with a bow on his head published in Quibell, J. E. and F. W. Green 1900-1902. <i>Hierakonpolis</i>, Part 2. London: Bernard Quaritch (OEB 147893)
-Notes on Edfu
-Notes from Mariette-Bey, A. 1871. <i>Dendérah: description générale du grand temple de cette ville</i>, Volume 4, Plate 34, (Paris, 1871) (OEB 144495)
-Nome priests
-Notes and tracings of birds possibly relating to the 18th nome of Upper Egypt Nemty

Oils and unguents

Folder titled 'Oils and Unguents' containing a handbound notebook titled 'Oils and Unguents'. Notebook contains notes on oils and unguents including head dressing, oil used on the skin, massage, nwdw seeds, oil from moringa, oil and unguent used in rituals, variant writings of the oil name h3tt thnw or oil from Tehenu-land or Libya with publication references.

Also includes cuttings and drawings of attestations in tomb scenes, seals and labels.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Trees

Folder titled 'Trees' containing two notebooks (one handbound) also titled 'Trees'.

Handbound notebook titled 'Trees' contains notes relating to trees including on tree names, characteristic trees and shrubs of Egypt, incense, the date palm, tamarix, sycamore fig, sacred tree in nomes, nebak or zizyphus spina-Christi, and carob.

Also includes page of tracings titled 'Pomegranate and Early Kings' and a photograph of a pomegranate tree.

The second notebook contains an index at the front and includes notes relating to trees including on carob, castor oil including photograph of the castor oil tree or ricinus communis, ebony, persea tree, pine trees, balamites, tjeret-tree, date palm, and almond.

Also includes lists of occurences of other tree names. Roughly half of the notebook has been used. Page 11-12 on the pomegranate has been cut out.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 1'.

Animals - Hippopotamus, Horse and Chariot, Lion, Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer, Ostrich

Folder numbered 3 and titled 'Hippopotamus, Horse and Chariot, Lion, Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer, Ostrich' containing five handbound notebooks titled 'Hippopotamus', 'Horse and Chariot', 'Lion', 'Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyaena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer' and 'Ostrich'.

Notebook titled 'Hippopotamus' contains typed notes and draft on the hippopotamus.

Notebook titled 'Horse and Chariot' contains notes on the horse and the chariot including their introduction into Egypt, early references to them, representations in art, as well as notes on mules and charioteers. Also includes:

-Cutting of an image of a side of a painted box from the tomb of Tutankhamen showing Tutankhamen in a chariot (Cairo Museum, JE 61467)

-Cuttings of images of the interior and exterior of a chariot of Tuthmosis IV (Cairo Museum, JE 46097)

Notebook titled 'Lion' contains notes on lions including hunting lions, references to and representations of lions, their distribution and behavior. Also includes cutting of an image of a side of a painted box from the tomb of Tutankhamen showing Tutankhamen shooting lions from his chariot (Cairo Museum, JE 61467).

Notebook titled 'Monkey, Bats, Cheetah, Hyaena, Bear, Jerboa, Porcupine, Deer' includes:

-Notes on different species of baboon and monkey including cutting of drawings of two baboon-shaped objects

-Notes on the bat

-Notes on the cheetah including photograph of Newberry with a cheetah

-Notes on the jerboa

-Notes on references to the hyena

-Notes on references to the bear

-Notes on references to the porcupine including cutting of a porcupine inscription (Egyptian Museum of Berlin, 1132)

-Draft on the fallow deer including tracing and drawings

Notebook titled 'Ostrich' includes notes on the ostrich including their distribution and on ostrich feathers worn in the hair. Also includes:

-Cuttings from The Illustrated London News of a fan made out of ostrich feathers and fan handle found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, 22 January 1927 (TopBib i2.583 [242])

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Flora and Fauna 2'.

Dynasty I Pot marks, Cairo Museum

Folder titled 'Predynastic. History' although this has been crossed out containing another folder titled 'First Dynasty Potmarks - Cairo Museum'.

Loose material:
-Photographs of line drawings of predynastic objects from a publication
-Drawings of pot marks with Cairo Museum temporary register numbers

Folder titled 'First Dynasty Potmarks - Cairo Museum' includes:
-Notes on potters signs on pots
-Rubbings from pots at Cairo Museum with temporary register numbers

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Predynastic pots rubbings'.

Architecture and buildings

Folder titled 'Architecture. Building' containing notes, tracings and drawings relating to architecture includings notes on tents and primitive Egyptian houses, construction of buildings and palaces, building methods and materials, building workers, styles of architecture e.g. columns and recessed brickwork.

Also includes photographs of Morrocan architecture.

There is also a paper folder attached to this folder containing a couple of pages of notes on columns.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 2'.

Architectural features including the lotus pattern and fluted columns

Folder titled 'Fluted columns' containing research material on architectural features including the lotus pattern and fluted columns.

Includes:
-Letter from Eiddan Edwards referring to an article by him on early architectural features, 15 January 1949.
-Tracings, cuttings and drawings of lotus patterns
-Drawings of examples of floral headdresses
-Drawings of examples of column heads
-Notes on columns
-Notes on silphium and silphium columns

Also includes draft letter to Sir Edward Salisbury which refers to a short paper Newberry is writing up on the origin of the fluted columns of Egypt and Greece.

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 2'.

Glass and glass manufacture

Folder titled 'Glaze-ware: Glass' containing notes, cuttings, drawings, tracings and correspondence relating to glazeware, glass, and glass manufacture.

Includes:
-Small painting of a chalice of Tuthmosis III published in Newberry, Percy E., 'A Glass Chalice of Tuthmosis III' in <i>The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i>Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul., 1920), pp. 155-160 (OEB 146363)
-Small painting of a translucent blue vase from the palace of Amenhotep III
-Newspaper clipping with the headline 'Chance Find Restores Beauty To The Portland Vase', c.1945-1949
-Newspaper clipping with the headline 'Silica-Glass From Libyan Desert - Specimens For Natural History Museum', 28 January 1935
-Reprint of Spencer, L.J., 'Two New Gem Stones', in <i>The Gemmologist</i>, November 1933
-Typescript on the history of Oriental Faiences by the Kalebdjian Frères
-Cutting of review by Newberry of Hayes, William C., <i>Glazed Tiles from a Palace of Ramesses II at Kanfir</i>, (New York, 1937) in <i>Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i>, Vol.25, June 1939
-Letter from Harry Powell, Whitefriars Glassworks, on early Egyptian glass manufacture, 12 April 1907
-Draft on glass manufacture in Egypt

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 2'.

The was sceptre

Folder titled 'w3s-sceptre' containing notes, draft, tracings and drawings relating to the w3s or was sceptre. Includes photograph of a statue of a nome triad: King, Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore and Theban nome-god (Cairo Museum, JE 40678) from the pyramid complex of Menkaure (TopBib iii.28)

Also includes drafts of Newberry, P.E. 'The [was] Sceptre', in Studi in memoria di Ippolito Rosellini, Volume I, pp.269-72, (1949) (OEB 2130).

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Special Subjects 3'.

Neith and Athena

Folder titled '[R24+R12] and Minoan-Mycenaean goddess' containing material on Sais, Neith, Athens and Athena.

Includes notes on Neith's connection with Athena and Libya, symbols of Neith, shields including the figure of eight shield and the shield cult, Athena and cultivation of the olive.

Also includes cuttings and tracings of shields and symbols of Neith including plate II from Newberry, P.E., 'To what race did the founders of Sais belong?', in Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Volume 28, pp.68-75 (1906) (OEB 146410).

This folder was previously in a box labelled, during previous archival processing, 'Religion 3'.

Drafts on the predynastic period, nomes, ensigns and emblems

Drafts relating to the predynastic period, nomes, ensigns and emblems.

Includes:
-Two versions of a contents page for a publication to be titled ‘The Cults of Predynastic Egypt’, one of which includes the sub-heading ‘A study of the Cults of Predyn[astic] Eg[ypt] As shown in the Decorated Pots of the Second Civil[isation] of Predyn[astic] Eg[ypt] fully illustrated by slides of the ensigns fig[ured] at the mast heads of boats of the period the Scorpion King s Macehead and on Slate Palettes and maps to show their foreign distribution’.
-Several versions of drafts relating to Dr Elise Baumgartel's disagreement with Newberry’s identification of the harpoon ensign in Baumgartel, Elise J. 1947. The cultures of prehistoric Egypt. Oxford: Griffith Institute; Oxford University Press (OEB 18)
-Two handwritten drafts titled ‘The Harpoon Ensigns’ as well as tracings and draft plates
-Draft relating to Scharff, 'Some Prehistoric Vases in the British Museum', in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology XIV (1928) (OEB 14965)
-Handwritten draft on boats in predynastic Egypt including a table showing occurences of nome ensigns or standards. Also includes reference to a rock drawing of a sailing vessel, published in Winkler, H. A., Rock-Drawings of Southern Upper Egypt, Volume 1, plate viii., 1939 (OEB 152765).
-Draft titled 'Cult-signs of the Predynastic Period' with details of occurrences of the signs, also includes traced map showing distribution of predynastic cults, tracings of Andjety and notes on his link to the goat, and notes on the pomegranate tree
-Draft on an ensign on a small pot figured in Morgan, J. de 1896. Recherches sur les origins de l'Égypte: l'âge de la pierre et les métaux, plate ix, no.3. Paris: Ernest Leroux (OEB 145678) and other similar examples which according to Newberry are inaccurate
-Cutting of abstract of Newberry, P.E., 'Remarks on some early Egyptian cults', in Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of Religions, (Oxford, 1908) (OEB 146392)
-Draft titled 'Ensigns figured on pots of the Second Civilisation of the Predynastic Period' with notes
-Drafts relating to the geographical distribution of cults
-Sections of drafts relating to the Tehenu or Libyan Palette (Cairo Museum, CG 14328)
-Revised draft of 'The Petty-Kingdom of the Harpoon and Egypt's earliest Mediterranean Port', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume I, pp.17-22 (1908) (OEB 146389)
-Draft plates for Newberry, P.E., 'The Egyptian Cult-object [R22] and the Thunderbolt', in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Volume 3, pp.50-2 (1910) (OEB 146356)

Research material on the ntr pole

Research notes on the cult of the ntr pole [R8] or emblem of divinity and draft and offprint of Newberry, P.E., 'The cult of the [ntr]-pole', in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Volume 33, (1947) (OEB 230).

Notes include reference to NB [Notebook] 29.

Research material relating to Neith

Notes and parts of drafts relating to Neith. Includes notes on the figure of eight shield with crossed arrows, single and compound ensigns featuring bows and crossed arrows, the Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow, and different forms of bow and arrows.

Includes:
-Draft titled 'The Minoan-Mycenaean Goddess of the Bow'
-Tracings of stone bead seals
-Notes on the form of bows and depictions of bow like objects
-Part of draft and notes on Neith and the bow of Neith
-Notes on Athena
-Notes relating to Libya
-Reprint of Hogarth, D.G. 'The Zakro Sealings', in Journal of Hellenic Studies, Volume XXII, (1902)

Notes also include reference to 'NB [Notebook] Sais and Folder'.

Draft on Theban dynasties and the tombs of Theban Kings

Draft of an unpublished book on Theban dynasties and the tombs of Theban Kings including typed sections, typed and handwritten notes, sketches and extracts from other publications including Belzoni, G.B., Narrative of the operations and recent discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples, Tombs and Excavations in Egypt and Nubia, (London, 1820) (OEB 134077). There is a draft contents page as follows:

Preface

Chapter I Thebes and its history

II The Theban Necropolis

III The Royal Tombs and their inscriptions

IV The Funeral Furniture

V Records of the Tomb Robberies in Ancient Times

VI Modern Exploration in the Royal Necropolis

Appendix. List of Pharoahs buried at Thebes with notes on their tombs and on the antiquities that have been found in them.

Glossary

Index

This material has been divided between two archival folders for preservation.

Research material relating to Theban tombs

Material relating to Theban tombs collated during previous archival processing.

Includes:
-Tracings of Tyi and Amenhotep III depicted during the heb-sed festival at Soleb and copy of text from Lepsius, R., Abtheilung der Äegyptischen Alterthümer : Beschreibung der Wandgemaelde III, Band 5, plates 84-85 (OEB 143571), c.1919
-List titled 'List of the Sheikh Abd el Gurneh Tombs' numbers 1-82
-Photocopy of list titled 'List of the Sheikh Abd el Gurneh Tombs' numbers 1-82 including an additional page listing Kings and tombs
-Two handwritten pages titled 'Report on some excavations in the Sheikh Abd El Kurneh during the Winters of 1900-1901 by Percy E. Newberry'
-Two pages of Theban graffiti, including one of Rameses, High Priest of Amun
-One page of notes from the tomb of Any, High Priest of Amun, at Dra' Abu el-Naga
-One page of notes with corrections and restorations to a hieroglyphic text

Photographs from sites at Thebes

Photographs from sites at Thebes including photograph and cuttings of drawings and plans of the Colossi of Memnon (or statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III) (TopBib ii.449) and official photographs taken at Deir el-Bahari by A. Gaddis & G. Seif.

Also includes photographs of:

-Statue of Khons (Cairo Museum, CG 38488) (TopBib ii.237)

-Scene from Temple of Sethos (TopBib ii.415(78))

-Scene from Court in Luxor Temple showing decorated bulls (TopBib ii.308(29))

-Nile-gods binding sma-symbol on sides on throne (TopBib ii.313(70))

-Colossi between columns at Luxor Temple (TopBib ii.311(58)-(59))

-Statue of Hathor Cow [postcard] (TopBib ii.380)

-View of Karnak

Photographs of Theban tombs

Photographs of tombs in Thebes and views of the Theban necropolis. The photographs of tombs have been identified during previous archival processing and the tomb numbers written on the back.

Includes:

-Views of the Valley of the Kings

-Views of the Theban Necropolis

-Sarcophagus chamber in the royal tomb of Haremhab TT57 (TopBib i.568)

-TT93 Tomb of Qenamun

-TT219 Tomb of Nebenmaat, including notes on the tomb on the back, possibly by Pierre Jouguet

-TT277 Tomb of Ameneminet

Copies of Aswan and First Cataract inscriptions

Envelope labelled 'Aswan and Cataract Inscriptions' and numbered A.106.

Envelope includes copies of rock inscriptions at Aswan. Also includes four photographs of numbered rock inscriptions (photographs taken from a distance and inscriptions not clearly visible).

Description from Harris catalogue:

Transcription headed "Keep in Aswan and Cataract inscriptions" A.106. Transcription from Urk. IV, 89. Copy of an inscription of a royal son of Kushtemp. Seti I from Cat. De Morgan, 177. 11 pages of copied inscriptions from Aswan, Sehel, etc., some from publications - some may have been done on the spot? Pages from a notebook with inscriptions and sketches headed: Aswan tombs - Elephantine Museum garden: stelae, statues and other objects. Copies from blocks and stelae evidently from roads in the district. One headed 'end of Aswan Road by Shellal near Ba (Many others with similar types, Aswan , Sehel, Bigeh.) Inscriptions from de Morgan: Aswan, p.4O, no.174. XIII, 334. Sehel, p.90. no.79. de Morgan, p.38, no.157; p.26, no.188, no.189. Four pages of inscriptions from Aswan Tombs and many more from Aswan district. Most of them as though they may have been copied from originals.

Notes on the Hatshepsut inscription at Speos Artemidos

Research notes on the Hatshepsut inscription at Speos Artemidos (TopBib iv.163(1-2)) including copy, transcription and translation of part of the text.

Also includes Golenischeff copy of inscriptions from tomb of Istabl 'Antar at Speos Artemidos (TopBib iv.164(17)) copied from Rougé, J., Inscriptions hiéroglyphiques copiées en égypte pendant la mission scientifique de M. le Vicomte Emmanuel de Rougé, (1877) (OEB 148962).

Copy of inscriptions and notes on sites

Contains:

-Copy of inscription from Stela of Khunes, son of Iufni at el-Mialla (TopBib v.170)

-Notes and drawings of inscribed objects including lotus pattern, canopic jar, alabaster shabti leg, clay shabtis, and relief identified during previous archival processing as possibly Zawyet el-Amwat (TopBib iv.139)

-Copy of tomb inscriptions not yet identified

-Sketch plan of tombs and cemeteries at Meidum

-Letter from Newberry to George Willoughby Fraser offering to assist him study hieroglyphics by sending him texts with transliteration and translation notes, including example from a stela of Akhenaten from Amarna, 8 September 1890

-Copy of inscriptions from tomb of Haremkha'uef at Kom el-Ahmar (TopBib v.196)

-Notes on tombs at Deir el-Gebrawi

-Notes on inscriptions titled 'Carnarvon Excavations 1912 - Newberry Note-book PEN/G/II/F.A' which copied by Dr Rosalind Moss from one of Newberry's notebooks

-Copy of inscription labelled black granite seated figure, identified during previous archival processing as an official of Hurbeit (TopBib iv.26)

Results 301 to 330 of 985