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William Matthew Flinders Petrie Collection English
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William Matthew Flinders Petrie Collection

  • Petrie MSS
  • Collection
  • 1860s-2004

Papers of William Matthew Flinders Petrie including journals covering 38 seasons (1880-1929) and photographs of excavations. The collection also includes secondary material associated with Petrie's journals, photographs of objects in museums, souvenir photographs and photocopies of material held at the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, University College London.

Petrie, (Sir) William Matthew Flinders

Petrie Journal 1880 to 1881 (Giza)

-Journal letters
-November 30, 1880, to June 22, 1881.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie's first visit to Egypt commencing with a measurement-survey of the Giza pyramids, which was continued and completed the following season (1881 to 1882).
-Main site: Giza.
-Other sites: Dahshur and Saqqara.

Petrie Journal 1885 to 1886 (Naucratis, Nabesha, and Dafana)

-Journal letters
-November 23, 1885, to June 1, 1886.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie, assisted by F. Ll. Griffith and E. A. Gardner, resumes excavating at Naucratis. In January 1886, Gardner is left to continue excavating at Naucratis while Petrie and Griffith begin excavating at Nebesha. At the end of March 1886, Petrie moves to Dafana and excavates there.
-Main sites: Naucratis (Naukratis), Nabesha (Tell Nebesha; Tell Farun), and Dafana (Tell Dafana; Daphnae).
-Other sites: Tanis (San el-Hagar).
-Pages 7-9 and 45-6 are copies of letters by Petrie's mother Anne.

Petrie Journal 1883 to 1884 (Tanis)

-Journal letters.
-November 7, 1883, through to July 7, 1884.
-Handwritten.
-In early December 1883, Petrie, accompanied by his friends Prof. and Mrs Sheldon Amos, charters a dahabiyeh from Cairo, travelling through the Wadi Tumilat to Ismailia, Petrie prospects sites along the way including the site for Petrie's next season which is later identified by him as Naucratis. In February 1884, Petrie begins his first large-scale excavations at Tanis which continue into June.
-Main site: Tanis (San el-Hagar).

Petrie Journal 1887 to 1888 (Medinet el-Faiyum and Hawara)

-Journal letters.
-December 5, 1887, through to May 12, 1888.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie begins the season excavating in the temple of Sobek at Medinet el-Faiyum, then moves on to Hawara where he surveys the pyramid, as well as finding many mummy-portraits from the Roman Period cemetery there.
-Main sites: Medinet el-Faiyum and Hawara.
-Other sites: Byahmu (Biyahmu), Medinet el-Gurob (Ghurab; Gourob).

Petrie Journal 1890 to 1891 (Maidum)

-Journal letters.
-November 6, 1890, to June 15, 1891.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie at Maidum for the whole season excavating and recording the tombs, as well as surveying the pyramid. Petrie assisted by G. W. Fraser and F. J. Bliss. In April 1891, Petrie travels to Greece to visit Ernest Gardner, Director of the British School at Athens, where Petrie is able to confirm that the “Aegean” finds from Gurob were manufactured in Mycenae then exported to Egypt.
-Sites: Maidum (Meydum; Medum).
-Includes several small watercolours of objects.

Petrie Journal 1889 to 1890 (Kahun, Gurob, Bureyr and Tell el-Hesi)

-Journal letters.
-September 26, 1889, through to June 1890.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie resumes working at El-Lahun, taking over from G. W. Fraser who had continued working at Kahun throughout the summer, Petrie continues to work at the site until the end of 1889. Petrie then begins excavating at Gurob, assisted by W. O. Hughes-Hughes. In March 1890, Petrie travels on to Palestine to excavate at Um Lakis (near Bureyr), and from April onwards, excavates at Tell el-Hesi.
-Sites in Egypt sites: Kahun and Gurob (Kom Medinet Gurob)
-Sites in Palestine: Bureyr (Um Lakis) and Tell el-Hesi (Lachish).
-Between pages 87 and 88, a small watercolour of tools.

Petrie Journal 1886 to 1887 (Nile voyage and Dahshur)

-Journal letters
-November 29, 1886, through to May 30, 1887.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie and F. Ll. Griffith charter a boat for two months which will take them from Minya to Aswan enabling them to visit many sites along the way. At the end of the two months, they return to Luxor where Petrie commences with his main task of collecting material for his “Racial Types” project which involves the photographing and making squeezes of scenes in the temples at Karnak before he moves across to the West Bank to continue this work in the temples and tombs there. Later in the season, Petrie moves on to Dahshur to survey the pyramids.
-Main sites: Aswan, Karnak, Dahshur.
-Other sites: Ramesseum, Valley of the Kings.
-Pages 34 and 34A are copies of letters by Petrie's mother Anne.

Petrie Journal 1888 to 1889 (Hawara, Gurob and Kahun)

-Journal letters.
-October 24, 1888, to June 14, 1888.
-Handwritten.
-Petrie resumes work at Hawara where he continues clearing the pyramid interior, assisted later on by G. W. Fraser. Petrie’s other assistant, M. Amos, is assigned to excavate at Petrie’s concession at Gurob. In January 1888, Petrie and Fraser move on to excavate at el-Lahun and the town of Kahun, Fraser remaining at the site throughout the summer after Petrie returns to England.
-Main sites: Hawara, Gurob (Kom Medinet Gurob) and Kahun (El-Lahun).
-Other sites: Birket Qarun (Birket Karun), Dimai (Soknopaiou Nesos).
-Pages 64-6, 82 and 149 are copies of letters by Petrie's mother Anne.

Petrie Journal 1898 to 1899 (Diopolis Parva - Hu and Abadiya)

-Journal letters.
-Part 1, W. M. Flinders Petrie journal, November 29, 1898, to March 20, 1899.
-Part 2, Hilda Petrie journal, November 14, 1898, to March 1, 1899.
-Part 3, Hilda Petrie diary “1898-9 / SEMAINEH & HOW.”, December 6, 1898, to January 25, 1899. Camping trip (El Ga’ara, El Ghabat and Nawahed), March 2-5, 1899. Pages 143-70 are loose pages and the order is uncertain.
-All handwritten.
-Sites: Abadiya, Hu (Diopolis Parva).

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