- 1918-1988 (Accumulation)
Niveau de description
Étendue matérielle et support
52 boxes, 56 card index boxes, 8 packages, 4 rolls, 1 book, 1 album, 7 ring binders, and 1 videotape.
Zone du contexte
Nom du producteur
Czech Egyptologist. Born, Plzeň 1898. Died, Oxford 1970.
Son of Antonín Černý (1861-?) and Anna Černá, née Navrátilová (1866-?). Educated at elementary school (1904-1909) and state grammar school (gymnasium) in Plzeň (1909-1917). Studied at Charles University, Prague (1917-1922, matriculated for winter semester 1917/1918, doctoral degree awarded 1922 (see https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/archiv/public/book/bo/1542020090975492/147/?lang=en). Employed as clerk in the Živnobanka central branch in Prague (1919-1927). Associated with the IFAO from 1925 as visiting scholar, later member of expedition to Deir el-Medina. Awarded scholarship to study hieratic ostraca in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Sponsored by T. G. Masaryk, P. Petschek and Orientální ústav, Prague. Secretary of the Orientální ústav from 1929. Worked with Sir A. Gardiner on ostraca from different European collections as well as on hieratic papyri. Formal contract with Gardiner from 1934. Lecturer in Egyptology, Charles University, Prague, 1929-46. Worked in Sinai in the 1930s, resulting in his new edition of Gardiner and Peet, The Inscriptions of Sinai. Excavated at Deir el-Medîna, 1925-1970. Worked as epigrapher in Abydos with A. Calverley and M. Broome.
Affiliated to the Czechoslovak legation in Cairo from 1942, in diplomatic service of the Czechoslovak government-in-exile (London) until 1945.
Appointed Edwards Professor of Egyptology, University College London, 1946-51. Professor of Egyptology, Oxford, 1951-65 (Emeritus, 1965-70). Worked in Nubia recording temple inscriptions at Amada, Gebel el-Shems, and Abû Simbel during the UNESCO campaign.
Initiated and co-organised topographical and epigraphic mapping on the Theban mountain as part of the UNESCO and CEDAE campaign.
Published extensively in the field of Egyptology including publications on palaeography, Ramesside period, social history, religion, and late New Kingdom hieratic inscriptions.
Married Marie Sargant née Hloušková (1899-1991).
Bequeathed to the Griffith Institute by Jaroslav Černý in his will (Černý MSS 19.71). Some additional material remained in the possession of Professor Černý's widow Mrs Marie Sargant (née Hloušková), which following her death in 1991 passed to Černý's stepdaughters, Professor Naomi E. Sargant, Lady McIntosh (1933-2006), and Mrs Anna Allot (1930-). Additional correspondence presented by Dr Jiřina Růžová was donated to her by Mrs Anna Allot for the preparation of her biography of Professor Černý.
Source immédiate d'acquisition ou de transfert
The estate of Jaroslav Černý. Some additional material presented by Professor Naomi E. Sargant, Lady McIntosh (Černý's stepdaughter) in 1992. Remaining additional material presented by Mrs Anna Allot (Černý's stepdaughter) in 2011. Selected family correspondence presented by Dr Jiřina Růžová in May 2016. Family photographs and varia presented by Mrs Anna Allott in October and November 2016 and March 2017.
Zone du contenu et de la structure
Portée et contenu
Notebooks, notes, card indexes, copies of inscriptions, a corpus of transcribed hieratic ostraca and papyri, photographs, correspondence, and personal items.
- Series 1 to 4, 6, 7 contain photographs, copies, transcriptions and translations of Egyptian texts, and photographs of objects and sites.
- Series 5 contains articles and lectures, some unpublished.
- Series 5 and 10 contain notes on Egyptian history.
- Series 8, 14, 22, 24, 26 contain notes and indexes on lexicography and grammar and card indexes for a late Egyptian and general hieroglyphic dictionary.
- Series 17 contains notebooks with transcriptions of texts from ostraca, graffiti, papyri and other monuments. There is a card index of ostraca with references to notebooks in series 28.
- Series 18 and 23 contain Coptic notes and a card index for Coptic grammar.
- Series 25 contains data on Egyptian personal names.
- Series 33 is an etymological card index.
Évaluation, élimination et calendrier de conservation
Mode de classement
Mostly kept as received. Arranged in 49 series:
- Correspondence (Series 21) has been arranged in alphabetical order.
- Series 47 - condolence letters to Mrs Černý, arranged alphabetically.
- Series 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22, 23, 24 and 24A, 25, 26, 27, 29, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 45, 46 are thematic/problem-oriented, other series (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 16, 28) are source-oriented and contain collections of data pertaining to individual artifacts of Egyptian material and written culture.
- Series 31 is an index.
- Series 19 and 39-44 are varia.
- Series that contain texts and other data from individual monuments or sites are arranged according to the Topographical Bibliography [TopBib].
- Objects from museums are catalogued under present location arranged in an alphabetical list of museums and usually a separate list of private collections.
- Series 48 is a postcard album.
- Series 49 is a photograph album.
Zone des conditions d'accès et d'utilisation
Property of the Griffith Institute. Access to correspondence is subject to prior approval by the Archivist. No restrictions for rest.
Conditions de reproduction
Copyright Griffith Institute, University of Oxford.
Langue des documents
- égyptien ancien
Écriture des documents
- hiératique égyptien
- hiéroglyphes égyptiens
Notes sur la langue et l'écriture
There are notes for hieratic palaeography, hieroglyphic transcriptions, occasional use of Egyptological conventional transliteration.
Caractéristiques matérielle et contraintes techniques
Mostly without problems. Parts of correspondence on fragile airmail paper and lower-quality paper.
Videotape requires an appropriate media player or specialist digitisation.
Working with card indexes requires returning cards in their proper sequence.
Instruments de recherche
Catalogue and a correspondence handlist.
Zone des sources complémentaires
Existence et lieu de conservation des originaux
These are originals except where indicated otherwise in itemised description.
Existence et lieu de conservation des copies
- Copies of Černý MSS 3.595, 3.627, 13.23, 13.30, 15.215A, 15.220, 19.64 (Černý's own bibliography), 20.1, 21.272, 21.277, 21.324, 21.707, 21.712, 21.732, 21.1014, 21.1526. Select copies of notebooks, series 17, notebooks not identified. Varied notes from the Coptic Etymological dictionary. In Departmental archives and library of the Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures, Prague.
- Photocopies of some Černý MSS (mostly of notebooks and related to IFAO ostraca) at the IFAO, Cairo.
Unités de description associées
Note de publication
- Publication details indicated in Černý catalogue, under individual series or subseries entries.
Zone des notes
NRA catalogue reference
Mots-clés - Sujets
Mots-clés - Lieux
Mots-clés - Noms
Mots-clés - Genre
Zone du contrôle de la description
Identifiant de la description
Identifiant du service d'archives
Règles et/ou conventions utilisées
Niveau de détail
Dates de production, de révision, de suppression
Objet numérique - métadonnées
Nom du fichier
Type de support