Collection Gardiner MSS - Alan Henderson Gardiner Collection

Identity area

Reference code

Gardiner MSS

Title

Alan Henderson Gardiner Collection

Date(s)

  • c.1900-1963 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

89 boxes, 74 card index boxes, 26 packages, 72 books, offprints, and albums.

Context area

Name of creator

(1879-1963)

Biographical history

British Egyptologist. Born, Eltham 1879. Died, Oxford 1963. Educated at Charterhouse, then studied Classics, Hebrew and Arabic at The Queen's College, Oxford. Worked with A. Erman on the preparation of material for the <i>Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache</i> and was sub-editor 1906-8. Laycock Studentship, Worcester College, Oxford, 1906-12. Edited many Egyptological publications including the <i>Journal of Egyptian Archaeology</i>. Published extensively in the field of Egyptology. Honorary Secretary of the Egypt Exploration Society, 1917-20, Vice President and then President, 1959-63. Many distinctions during his career. Specialized in hieratic texts on papyri and ostraca. Published the 1st edition of <i>Egyptian Grammar</i> in 1927, which is still one of the essential learning aids for Middle Egyptian. Member of the Tutankhamun excavation team, for which he recorded all the inscriptions from the tomb.

Archival history

Bequeathed to the Griffith Institute by Sir A. H. Gardiner.
Additional material:

  • A copy of <i>My Early Years</i>, by Sir Alan Gardiner. Typed, photocopied and bound by John Gardiner at Ballaghaue, Isle of Man, 1986. Includes <i>Henry John Gardiner, … A very few reminiscences</i> by his younger son, and <i>The Tutankhamun tomb</i>, by Margaret Gardiner. Donated by Mr David Brown in 2004 (Gardiner MSS. 41.11).
  • Incomplete (Preface and pp. 1-27) typescript of Sir A. H. Gardiner’s <i>My Early Years</i>, annotated by Gardiner himself, donated by Mr and Mrs Hulin in 2004 (Gardiner MSS. 41.12).
  • Copy of <i>My Early Years</i> presented by Professor John Baines in December 2013 (Gardiner MSS. 41.13).
  • A Fourth copy of <i>My Early Years</i> (Gardiner MSS. 41.14) accessed with a copy of <i>My Working Years</i>, by Sir Alan Gardiner (Gardiner MSS. 41.15).
  • A. H. Gardiner’s copy of G. Maspero, <i>Sur quelques inscriptions du temps d’Amenemhâit Ier au Ouady Hamamât</i> (1891); bound together with H. Brugsch’s copy of the article by V. Golenishchev, ‘Epigraficheskie ruzultaty poiezdki v Uadi Khammamât’ (ca. 1888); interleaved pages with annotations of A. H. Gardiner; transferred from Sackler Library on 14/05/2013 [Shelfmark: 383.3 Mas; Library Barcode: 302098243V; Aleph System Number: 011852561] (Gardiner MSS. 41.16).
  • 'The Gardiner Pamphlets': typescript with a catalogue of part of Gardiner’s personal collection of pamphlets (offprints and small format publications), now on permanent loan to the Swansea University Library; transferred from Sackler Library on 17/06/2014 and accessioned on 03/05/2016 (Gardiner MSS. 41.17).
  • Invitations to A. H. Gardiner 80th Birthday Party; internal transfer in March 2010 (Gardiner MSS. 39.58)
  • Group of letters written by A. H. Gardiner to his wife Hedwig during the excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun, 1923-4 (Gardiner MSS. 47).

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The estate of Sir A. H. Gardiner. Additional material, as stated above in Custodial history.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Notebooks, notes, card indexes of the Pyramid Texts and Late Egyptian, copies of inscriptions, corpus of transcribed hieratic ostraca and papyri, photographs, drawings, correspondence, copies of his own publications, and portraits.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Mostly kept as received. Correspondence has been arranged in alphabetical order.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Property of the Griffith Institute. Access to correspondence is subject to prior approval by the Keeper of the Archive. The rest of the material is open access and available for consultation at the Griffith Institute Archive.

Conditions governing reproduction

Copyright Griffith Institute, Oxford.

Language of material

  • English
  • French
  • German

Script of material

Language and script notes

And other European languages.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

No problems.

Finding aids

Catalogue.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

These are originals, except where indicated in Gardiner catalogue.

Existence and location of copies

Not known.

Related units of description

Publication note


  • Publication details indicated in Gardiner catalogue.
  • 'Howard Carter's drawing of The Festival Procession of Opet' (= Gardiner MSS 11.1-7) published online on the Griffith Institute website (http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/carter-special.html).

Notes area

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Physical storage

  • Shelf: 0201-0303